Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists: Fundamental Principles and Applications for Biologists, Chemists, Computer Scientists, and Nanotechnologists / Edition 1 available in Hardcover, NOOK Book
Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists is aself-contained, comprehensive review of this complex branch ofscience. The book demystifies difficult concepts and views thesubject through non-physics fields such as computer science,biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology. It explains key conceptsand phenomena in the language of non-physics majors and with simplemath, assuming no prior knowledge of the topic.
This cohesive book begins with the wavefunction to develop thebasic principles of quantum mechanics such as the uncertaintyprinciple and wave-particle duality. Comprehensive coverage ofquantum theory is presented, supported by experimental results andexplained through applications and examples without the use ofabstract and complex mathematical tools or formalisms. From there,the book:
- Takes the mystery out of the Schrodinger equation, thefundamental equation of quantum physics, by applying it toatoms
- Shows how quantum mechanics explains the periodic table ofelements
- Introduces the quantum mechanical concept of spin and spinquantum number, along with Pauli's Exclusion Principle regardingthe occupation of quantum states
- Addresses quantum states of molecules in terms of rotation andvibration of diatomic molecules
- Explores the interface between classical statistical mechanicsand quantum statistical mechanics
- Discusses quantum mechanics as a common thread through differentfields of nanoscience and nanotechnology
Each chapter features real-world applications of one or morequantum mechanics principles. "Study Checkpoints" and problems withsolutions are presented throughout to make difficult concepts easyto understand. In addition, pictures, tables, and diagrams withfull explanations are used to present data and further explaindifficult concepts.
This book is designed as a complete course in quantum mechanicsfor senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students innon-physics majors. It also applies to courses such as modernphysics, physical chemistry and nanotechnology. The material isalso accessible to scientists, engineers, and technologists workingin the fields of computer science, biology, chemistry, engineering,and nanotechnology.
|Product dimensions:||6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)|
About the Author
Paul Sanghera, PhD, is an educator, scientist, technologist, and entrepreneur. He has worked at world-class laboratories such as CERN in Europe and Nuclear Lab at Cornell, where he participated in designing and conducting experiments to test the quantum theories and models of subatomic particles. Dr. Sanghera is the author of several bestselling books in the fields of science, technology, and project management as well as the author/coauthor of more than 100 research papers on the subatomic particles of matter published in reputed European and American research journals.
Table of Contents
About the Author.
About the Tech Editor.
Periodic Table of the Elements.
Fundamental Physical Constants.
Important Combinations of Physical Constants.
Preface: Science, Technology, and Quantum Physics: Mind theGap.
1 First, There Was Classical Physics.
1.2 Physics and Classical Physics.
1.3 The Classical World of Particles.
1.4 Physical Quantities.
1.5 Newton's Laws of Motion.
1.6 Rotational Motion.
1.7 Superposition and Collision of Particles.
1.8 Classical World of Waves.
1.9 Refl ection, Refraction, and Scattering.
1.10 Diffraction and Interference.
1.11 Equation of Wave Motion.
1.12 Light: Particle or Wave?
1.13 Understanding Electricity.
1.14 Understanding Magnetism.
1.15 Understanding Electromagnetism.
1.16 Maxwell's Equations.
1.17 Confi nement, Standing Waves, and Wavegroups.
1.18 Particles and Waves: The Big Picture.
1.19 The Four Fundamental Forces of Nature.
1.20 Unification: A Secret to Scientific and TechnologicalRevolutions.
1.21 Special Theory of Relativity.
1.22 Classical Approach.
1.24 Additional Problems.
2 Particle Behavior of Waves.
2.2 The Nature of Light: The Big Picture.
2.3 Black-Body Radiation.
2.4 The Photoelectric Effect.
2.5 X-Ray Diffraction.
2.6 The Compton Effect.
2.7 Living in the Quantum World.
2.9 Additional Problems.
3 Wave Behavior of Particles.
3.2 Particles and Waves: The Big Picture.
3.3 The de Broglie Hypothesis.
3.4 Measuring the Wavelength of Electrons.
3.5 Quantum Confi nement.
3.6 The Uncertainty Principle.
3.7 Wave-Particle Duality of Nature.
3.8 Living in the Quantum World.
3.10 Additional Problems.
4 Anatomy of an Atom.
4.2 Quantum Mechanics of an Atom: The Big Picture.
4.3 Dalton's Atomic Theory.
4.4 The Structure of an Atom.
4.5 The Classical Collapse of an Atom.
4.6 The Quantum Rescue.
4.7 Quantum Mechanics of an Atomic Structure.
4.8 Classical Physics or Quantum Physics: Which One Is the TruePhysics?
4.9 Living in the Quantum World.
4.11 Additional Problems.
5 Principles and Formalism of Quantum Mechanics.
5.2 Here Comes Quantum Mechanics.
5.3 Wave Function: The Basic Building Block of QuantumMechanics.
5.4 Operators: The Information Extractors.
5.5 Predicting the Measurements.
5.6 Put It All into an Equation.
5.7 Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalues.
5.8 Double Slit Experiment Revisited.
5.9 The Quantum Reality.
5.10 Living in the Quantum World.
5.12 Additional Problems.
6 The Anatomy and Physiology of an Equation.
6.2 The Schrödinger Wave Equation.
6.3 The Schrödinger Equation for a Free Particle.
6.4 Schrödinger Equation for a Particle in a Box.
6.5 A Particle in a Three-Dimensional Box.
6.6 Harmonic Oscillator.
6.7 Understanding the Wave Functions of a HarmonicOscillator.
6.8 Comparing Quantum Mechanical Oscillator with ClassicalOscillator.
6.9 Living in the Quantum World.
6.11 Additional Problems.
7 Quantum Mechanics of an Atom.
7.2 Applying the Schrödinger Equation to the HydrogenAtom.
7.3 Solving the Schrödinger Equation for the HydrogenAtom.
7.4 Finding the Electron.
7.5 Understanding the Quantum Numbers.
7.6 The Signifi cance of Hydrogen.
7.7 Living in the Quantum World.
7.9 Additional Problems.
8 Quantum Mechanics of Many-Electron Atoms.
8.2 Two Challenges to Quantum Mechanics: The Periodic Table andthe Zeeman Effect.
8.3 Introducing the Electron Spin.
8.4 Exclusion Principle.
8.5 Understanding the Atomic Structure.
8.6 Understanding the Physical Basis of the Periodic Table.
8.7 Completing the Story of Angular Momentum.
8.8 Understanding the Zeeman Effect.
8.9 Living in the Quantum World.
8.11 Additional Problems.
9 Quantum Mechanics of Molecules.
9.2 A System of Molecules in Motion.
9.3 Bond: The Atomic Bond.
9.4 Diatomic Molecules.
9.5 Rotational States of Molecules.
9.6 Vibrational States of Molecules.
9.7 Combination of Rotations and Vibrations.
9.8 Electronic States of Molecules.
9.9 Living in the Quantum World.
9.11 Additional Problems.
10 Statistical Quantum Mechanics.
10.2 Statistical Distributions.
10.3 Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution.
10.4 Molecular Systems with Quantum States.
10.5 Distribution of Vibrational Energies.
10.6 Distribution of Rotational Energies.
10.7 Distribution of Translational Energies.
10.8 Quantum Statistics of Distinguishable Particles: Putting ItAll Together.
10.9 Quantum Statistics of Indistinguishable Particles.
10.10 Planck’s Radiation Formula.
10.11 Absorption, Emission, and Lasers.
10.12 Bose–Einstein Condensation.
10.13 Living in the Quantum World.
10.15 Additional Problems.
11 Quantum Mechanics: A Thread Runs through It all.
11.2 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.
11.3 Nanoscale Quantum Confi nement of Matter.
11.4 Quick Overview of Microelectronics.
11.5 Quantum Computing.
11.6 Quantum Biology.
11.7 Exploring the Interface of Classical Mechanics and QuantumMechanics.
11.8 Living in the Quantum World.
11.10 Additional Problems.
What People are Saying About This
"The book presents a rich, self-contained, cohesive, concise, yet comprehensive picture of quantum mechanics for senior undergraduate and first-year graduate students, nonphysicists majors,
and for those professionals at the forefront of biology, chemistry, engineering, computer science, materials science, nanotechnology, or related fields." (Zentralblatt MATH, 2011)