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The Question of Animal Culture

The Question of Animal Culture


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Fifty years ago, a troop of Japanese macaques was observed washing sandy sweet potatoes in a stream, sending ripples through the fields of ethology, comparative psychology, and cultural anthropology. The issue of animal culture has been hotly debated ever since. Now Kevin Laland and Bennett Galef have gathered key voices in the often rancorous debate to summarize the views along the continuum from "Culture? Of course!" to "Culture? Of course not!" The result is essential reading for anyone interested in the validity of animal culture, and what it might say about our own.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674031265
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 02/16/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 360
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)

About the Author

Kevin N. Laland is a Professor in the School of Biology at the University of St Andrews.

Bennett G. Galef is Emeritus Professor of Psychology, McMaster University, and past editor of Animal Behaviour.

William C. McGrew is Professor of Anthropology and Zoology at Miami University, Ohio.

Susan Perry is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Carel van Schaik is Professor and Director of the Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zürich.

Michael Tomasello is Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University. From 1998 to 2018 he was Co-Director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, and in 2017 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His scientific work has been recognized by institutions around the world, including the Guggenheim Foundation, the British Academy, the Royal Academy of Netherlands, and the German National Academy of Sciences.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction Kevin N. Laland and Bennett G. Galef
  2. In Tune with Others: The Social Side of Primate Culture Frans B. M. de Waal and Kristin E. Bonnie
  3. Ten Dispatches from the Chimpanzee Culture Wars, plus Revisiting the Battlefronts. W. C. Mcgrew
  4. Geographical Variation in the Behavior of Wild Great Apes: Is It Really Cultural? Carel P. Van Schaik
  5. The Identification and Differentiation of Culture in Chimpanzees and Other Animals: From Natural History to Diffusion Experiments Andrew Whiten
  6. How Might We Study Culture? A Perspective from the Ocean. Hal Whitehead
  7. Acquiring Culture: Individual Variation and Behavioural Development in Bottlenose Dolphins Brooke L. Sargeant and Janet Mann
  8. Animal Culture: Problems and Solutions Kevin N. Laland, Jeremy R. Kendal and Rachel L. Kendal
  9. The Question of Chimpanzee Culture, plus Postscript. Michael Tomasello
  10. Culture in Animals? Bennett G. Galef
  11. Are Nonhuman Primates Likely to Exhibit Cultural Capacities like Those of Humans, and If So, How Can This Be Demonstrated? Susan Perry
  12. Animal “Culture”? Kim Hill
  13. Peace Keeping in the Culture Wars Kim Sterelny

  • References
  • Contributors
  • Index

What People are Saying About This

Sarah B. Hrdy

Laland and Galef have assembled some of the best minds in the business to review the evidence for socially transmitted behaviors in animals and to consider the extent to which creatures such as chimpanzees, orangutans, and whales can be said to have "culture." Opinions vary widely, but each chapter is characterized by rigorous assessment of available evidence, providing the most thoughtful and comprehensive assessment to date concerning the question of animal culture. In particular, the book marks a watershed opening up a much-needed dialogue between cognitive psychologists and animal behaviorists on the one hand, and cultural anthropologists on the other about the special role culture played in the evolution of human animals.

Sarah B. Hrdy, author of Mother Nature: A History of Mothers, Infants and Natural Selection

Sir Patrick Bateson

Are the learning processes involved in the social inheritance of animals the same or different from those involved in the cultural transmission of humans? Having witnessed inconclusive debates between biologists who regard animal culture as obvious and social anthropologists who regard it as absurd, I found this collection of essays fascinating. This thoughtful book has lifted the debate onto a level where it might be possible to answer the question of whether or not the antecedents of human culture can be found in other animals.
Sir Patrick Bateson, University of Cambridge

Marc D. Hauser

Reading this book is like sitting ringside, watching the authors duke it out over the nature and uniqueness of our cultural prowess.

Marc D. Hauser, author of Moral Minds

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