From "Why am I here?" to "What's next?" in this international bestseller, Alpha pioneer Nicky Gumbel addresses some of the foundational questions that challenge us all. Questions of Life is a step-by-step guide to the basics of the Christian faith by one of the world's most respected Christian leaders. This book contains the talks that are given on Alpha, and in it Nicky explores key themes, questions, and objections to faith, leading us on an engaging, personal journey of discovery.
Alpha creates an environment of hospitality where people can bring their friends, family, and work colleagues to explore the Christian faith, ask questions, and share their point of view. Alpha makes it easy to invite friends to have spiritual conversations which explore life's biggest questions in a safe and respectful way.
Alpha's approach to hospitality, faith, and discussion is designed to welcome everyone, especially those who might not describe themselves as Christians or church-goers. Each session includes time for a large group meal, short teaching, and small group discussion.
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About the Author
Nicky Gumbel is the pioneer of Alpha. He studied law at Cambridge and theology at Oxford, practiced as a lawyer and is now the senior pastor of HTB in London, one of England's most vibrant churches.
Read an Excerpt
Is There More to Life than This?
For many years I had three objections to the Christian faith. First, I thought it was boring. I went to chapel at school and found it very dull. I had sympathy with the novelist Robert Louis Stevenson who once entered in his diary, as if recording an extraordinary phenomenon, "I have been to church today, and am not depressed." My impression of the Christian faith was that it was dreary and uninspiring.
Second, it seemed to me to be untrue. I had intellectual objections to the Christian faith and described myself as an atheist. In fact, I rather pretentiously called myself a logical determinist. When I was fourteen I wrote an essay for Religious Studies in which I tried to destroy the whole of Christianity and disprove the existence of God. Rather surprisingly, it was put forward for a prize! I had knock-down arguments against the Christian faith and rather enjoyed arguing with Christians, on each occasion thinking I had won some great victory.
Third, I thought that Christianity was irrelevant to my life. I could not see how something that happened 2,000 years ago and 2,000 miles away in the Middle East could have any relevance to my life today. At school we often used to sing that much-loved hymn "Jerusalem," which asks, "And did those feet in ancient time walk upon England's mountains green?" We all knew that the answer was, "No, they did not." Jesus never came anywhere near England!
With hindsight, I realize that it was partly my fault as I never really listened and so did not know very much about the Christian faith. There are many people today who don't know much about Jesus Christ, or what He did, or anything else about Christianity.
One hospital chaplain listed some of the replies he was given to the question, '"Would you like Holy Communion?" These are some of the answers:
"No thanks, I'm Church of England."
"No thanks, I asked for cornflakes."
"No thanks, I've never been circumcised."
Not only was I ignorant about the Christian faith but also, looking back, my experience was that something was missing.
In his book Mere Christianity, C. S. Lewis writes of the hunger of every human heart:
The longings which arise in us when we first fall in love, or first think of some foreign country, or first take up some subject that excites us, are longings which no marriage, no travel, no learning, can really satisfy. I am not now speaking of what would be ordinarily called unsuccessful marriages, or holidays, or learned careers. I am speaking of the best possible ones. There was something we grasped at, in that first moment of longing, which just fades away in the reality. I think everyone knows what I mean. The wife [or husband] may be a good wife [or husband], and the hotels and scenery may have been excellent, and chemistry may be a very interesting job: but something has evaded us.
Men and women were created to live in a relationship with God. Without that relationship there will always be a hunger, an emptiness, a feeling that something is missing. Bernard Levin, perhaps the greatest columnist of his generation, once wrote an article called "Life's Great Riddle, and No Time to Find its Meaning." In it he said that in spite of his great success he feared he might have "wasted reality in the chase of a dream."
To put it bluntly, have I time to discover why I was born before I die? ... I have not managed to answer the question yet, and however many years I have before me they are certainly not as many as there are behind. There is an obvious danger in leaving it too late ... why do I have to know why I was born? Because, of course, I am unable to believe that it was an accident; and if it wasn't one, it must have a meaning.
He was not religious, writing on one occasion, "For the fourteen thousandth time, I am not a Christian." Yet he seemed only too aware of the inadequate answers to the meaning of life. He wrote some years earlier:
Countries like ours are full of people who have all the material comforts they desire, together with such non-material blessings as a happy family, and yet lead lives of quiet, and at times noisy, desperation, understanding nothing but the fact that there is a hole inside them and that however much food and drink they pour into it, however many motor cars and television sets they stuff it with, however many well-balanced children and loyal friends they parade around the edges of it ... it aches.
Jesus Christ said, "I am the way and the truth and the life" (John 14:6). The implications of His claim were as startling in the first century as they are in the twenty-first. So what are we to make of it?
Direction for a lost world
First, Jesus said, "I am the way." When their children were younger, some friends of mine had a Swedish nanny. She was struggling to learn the English language, and still hadn't quite mastered all the English idioms. On one occasion, an argument broke out between the children in their bedroom. The nanny rushed upstairs to sort it out, and what she meant to say was, "What on earth are you doing?" What she actually said was, "What are you doing on earth?'" This is a very good question, "What are we doing on earth?"
In 1879, Leo Tolstoy, author of War and Peace and Anna Karenina, wrote a book called A Confession, in which he tells the story of his search for meaning and purpose in life. He had rejected Christianity as a child. When he left university he sought to get as much pleasure out of life as he could. He threw himself into the social worlds of Moscow and St. Petersburg, drinking heavily, sleeping around, gambling, and leading a wild life. But he found it did not satisfy him.
Then he became ambitious for money. He had inherited an estate and made a large amount of money out of his books. Yet that did not satisfy him either. He sought success, fame, and importance. These he also achieved. He wrote what the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes as "one of the two or three greatest novels in world literature." But he was left asking the question, "Well fine ... so what?", to which he had no answer.
Then he became ambitious for his family — to give them the best possible life. He married in 1862 and had a kind, loving wife and thirteen children (which, he said, distracted him from any search for the overall meaning of life!). He had achieved all his ambitions and was surrounded by what appeared to be complete happiness. And yet one question brought him to the verge of suicide: "Is there any meaning in my life which will not be annihilated by the inevitability of death which awaits me?"
He searched for the answer in every field of science and philosophy. The only answer he could find to the question, "Why do I live?" was that "in the infinity of space and the infinity of time infinitely small particles mutate with infinite complexity." Not finding that answer hugely satisfying, he looked round at his contemporaries and found that many of them were simply avoiding the issue. Eventually he found among Russia's peasants the answer he had been looking for: their faith in Jesus Christ. He wrote after his conversion that he was "led inescapably by experience to the conviction that only ... faith give[s] life a meaning."
Over 100 years later, nothing has changed. Freddie Mercury, the lead singer of the rock group Queen, who died at the end of 1991, wrote in one of his last songs on The Miracle album, "Does anybody know what we are living for?" In spite of the fact that he had amassed a huge fortune and had attracted thousands of fans, he admitted in an interview shortly before his death that he was desperately lonely. He said, "You can have everything in the world and still be the loneliest man, and that is the most bitter type of loneliness. Success has brought me world idolization and millions of pounds, but it's prevented me from having the one thing we all need — a loving, ongoing relationship."
Freddie Mercury was right to speak of an "ongoing relationship" as the one thing we all need. Ultimately there is only one relationship that is completely loving and totally ongoing: a relationship with God. Jesus said, "I am the way." He is the only One who can bring us into that relationship with God that goes on into eternity.
When I was a child our family had an old black and white television set. We could never get a very good picture: on one occasion, during the World Cup final in 1966, just as England was about to score a goal, the screen went fuzzy, disintegrating into lines. We were quite happy with it since we did not know anything different. We tried to improve the picture by treading on certain floorboards and standing in certain places near it. Then we discovered that what the television needed was an outside aerial! Suddenly we could get clear and distinct pictures. Our enjoyment was transformed. Life without a relationship with Jesus Christ is like the television without the aerial. Some people seem quite happy, because they don't realize that there is something better. Once we have experienced a relationship with God, the purpose and meaning of life become clearer. We see things that we have never seen and we understand why we were made.
Reality in a confused world
Second, Jesus said, "I am the truth." Sometimes people say, "It does not matter what you believe so long as you are sincere." But it is possible to be sincerely wrong. Adolf Hitler was sincerely wrong. His beliefs destroyed the lives of millions of people. The Yorkshire Ripper believed that he was doing God's will when he killed prostitutes. He too was sincerely wrong. His beliefs affected his behavior. These are extreme examples, but they make the point that it matters a great deal what we believe, because what we believe will dictate how we live.
Other people's response to a Christian may be, "It's great for you, but it is not for me." This is not a logical position. If Christianity is true, it is of vital importance to every one of us. If it is not true, it is not "great for us" — it is very sad, and it means that Christians are deluded. As the writer and scholar C. S. Lewis put it, "Christianity is a statement which, if false, is of no importance, and, if true, of infinite importance. The one thing it cannot be is moderately important."
Is it true? Is there any evidence to support Jesus' claim to be "the truth"? These are some of the questions we will be looking at later in this book. The lynchpin of Christianity is the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead and for that there is ample evidence, which we will look at in the following chapter.
I don't think I ever realized how much the course of history has been shaped by people who believed that Jesus really was "the truth." Lord Denning, widely thought of as one of the greatest legal minds in the twentieth century, was for nearly forty years president of the Lawyers' Christian Fellowship. He had applied his legendary powers of analysis to the historical evidence for Jesus' birth, death, and resurrection and concluded that Christianity was true.
I had not appreciated either that some of the most sophisticated philosophers the West has ever produced — Aquinas, Descartes, Locke, Pascal, Leibniz, Kant — were all committed Christians. In fact, two of the most influential philosophers living today, Charles Taylor and Alasdair MacIntyre, have both built a great deal of their work on a deep commitment to Jesus Christ.
Nor had I realized how many of the pioneers of modern science were Christian believers: Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, Newton, Mendel, Pasteur, and Maxwell. This is still true of leading scientists today. Francis Collins, director of the Human Genome Project and one of the most respected geneticists in the world, tells of a mountain walk during which he was so overwhelmed by the beauty of creation that, in his words, "I knelt in the dewy grass as the sun rose and surrendered to Jesus Christ."
These words highlight the fact that when Jesus said, "I am the truth," He meant more than just intellectual truth. He meant a personal knowledge of someone who fully embodies that truth. The Hebrew understanding of truth is one of experienced reality. It's the difference between knowing something in your head and knowing it in your heart.
Suppose that before I met my wife Pippa I had read a book about her. Then, after I had finished reading the book I thought, "She sounds like an amazing woman. This is the person I want to marry." There would be a big difference in my state of mind then — intellectually convinced that she was a wonderful person — and my state of mind now after the experience of many years of marriage from which I can say, "I know she is a wonderful person." When a Christian says, in relation to their faith, "I know Jesus is the truth," they do not mean only that they know intellectually that He is the truth, but that they have experienced Jesus as the truth.
Life in a dark world
Third, Jesus said, "I am the life." The Christian view has always been that people are made in the image of God. As a result there is something noble about every human being. This conviction has been the driving force behind many of the great social reformers, from William Wilberforce to Martin Luther King, Jr. and Desmond Tutu. But there is also another side to the coin.
Alexander Solzhenitsyn, a Russian writer who won the Nobel Prize for Literature and was converted to Christianity when in exile from the Soviet Union, said, "The line separating good and evil passes, not through states, nor through classes, nor between political parties. ... but right through every human heart and through all human hearts."
I used to think I was a "nice" person — because I didn't rob banks or commit other serious crimes. Only when I began to see my life alongside the life of Jesus Christ did I realize how much was wrong.
We all need forgiveness and it can only be found in Christ. Marghanita Laski, a humanist, made an amazing confession during a TV debate with a Christian. She said, "What I envy about you Christians is your forgiveness." Then she added rather wistfully, "I have no one to forgive me."
What Jesus did when He was crucified for us was to pay the penalty for all the things that we have done wrong. We will look at this subject in more detail in chapter 3. There, we will see that He died to remove our guilt and to set us free from addictions, fear, and death.
Jesus not only died for us, He was also raised from the dead for us. In this act He defeated death. Jesus came to bring us "eternal life." Eternal life is a quality of life which comes from living in a relationship with God (John 17:3). Jesus never promised anyone an easy life, but He promised fullness of life (John 10:10).
Alice Cooper, the veteran rock musician, once gave an interview to The Sunday Times headlined: "Alice Cooper has a dark secret — the 53-year-old rocker is a Christian." In this interview, he describes his conversion to Christianity. "It hasn't been easy combining religion and rock. It's the most rebellious thing I've ever done. Drinking beer is easy. Trashing your hotel room is easy. But being a Christian, that's a tough call. That's real rebellion."
The theologian and philosopher Paul Tillich described the human condition as one that always involves three fears: fear of guilt, fear of meaninglessness, and fear of death. Jesus Christ meets each of these fears head on, because He is "the way and the truth and the life."
Who Is Jesus?
For much of my life I was not interested in Christianity. My father was a secular Jew and my mother rarely went to church. I was at times an atheist and at times an agnostic, unsure of what I believed. I had studied the Bible in religion classes at school, but had ended up rejecting it all and arguing against the Christian faith. On Valentine's Night 1974, my convictions were challenged by my closest friend Nicky Lee. I had just returned from a party when Nicky and his girlfriend appeared and told me that they had just become Christians. I was horrified! I had come across Christians during the year that I had taken off between school and university and I was deeply suspicious of them, in particular their tendency to smile so much.
I knew I had to help my friends, so I thought that I would embark on some thorough research of the subject. I happened to have a rather dusty copy of the Bible on my shelves, so that night I picked it up and started reading. I read all the way through Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and halfway through John's Gospel. I fell asleep. When I woke up, I finished John's Gospel and carried on through Acts, Romans, and 1 and 2 Corinthians. I was completely gripped by what I read. Previously it had meant virtually nothing to me. This time it came alive and I could not put it down. It had a ring of truth about it. I knew as I read it I had to respond because it spoke so powerfully to me. Very shortly afterwards I put my faith in Jesus Christ.
However, later I spent nearly ten years studying law and practicing as a lawyer — so for me evidence is very important. I could not have taken a blind leap of faith, but was willing to take a step of faith based on good historical evidence. In this chapter I want to examine some of this historical evidence.
Excerpted from "Questions of Life"
Copyright © 2016 Nicky Gumbel.
Excerpted by permission of Thomas Nelson.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Table of Contents
01 Is There More to Life than This? 11
02 Who Is Jesus? 21
03 Why Did Jesus Die? 37
04 How Can We Have Faith? 50
05 Why and How Do I Pray? 63
06 Why and How Should I Read the Bible? 76
07 How Does God Guide us? 90
08 Who Is the Holy Spirit? 105
09 What Does the Holy Spirit Do? 116
10 How Can I Be Filled with the Holy Spirit? 131
11 How Can I Resist Evil? 144
12 Why and How Should I Tell Others? 156
13 Does God Heal Today? 171
14 What About the Church? 184
15 How Can I Make the Most of the Rest of My Life? 197
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I have taken this course a few times, and this is a great reference to have. Pretty much exactly what Nicky Gumbel presents in the videos
When I received the book Questions of Life by Nicky Gumbel to review, I was instantly intrigued. This book, to me, is sitting down with the wise, old, beloved grandpa that has lived a long, full life. As you both sit upon the porch sipping a glass of ice tea, he begins his story. This book is that story. There hasn’t been a day when probably every single one of us has asked, “What is my life all about?” Not only will this book help put that question in perspective, it gives you a thought-provoking walk through a christian view of God’ purpose for us. This book is about the struggle of non-believers and pondering the flights of life without Christ. Does he exist? If he does, where is he relevant to every day life? Questions of Life is 15 chapters packed with informative question and answer segments. He asks a question and provides his views in a well-thought out response. There are references to scriptures and beyond. One of the most humorous parts of this book were the small cartoon drawings on many of the pages that make reference to the topics at hand. Mr. Gumble writes a book that asks is profoundly well-written with principled research. His use of vocabulary is extraordinary and at times, this book read like it was poetically crafted, especially in the use of such phrases as “asinine fatuity” and “unhesitatingly behaved”. One statement in this book that stood out for me is this one pertaining to resisting evil: “There is a close connection between good and God and between evil and the devil. Indeed, in each case the difference is only one letter!” This book is not a short nor easy read. It’s complex and thought provoking. Plan to have some time to spare when going through this book, chapter by chapter. Although it’s written well, I found at times that it read more like a term paper or college textbook than a ‘book’ per se. I would have loved to hear more of the author’s perspective, though you do, rather than the vast references to other works, like C.S. Lewis. It interrupted the overall flow of the book, I felt, and was somewhat a distraction. However, I’ve dog-eared and made more notes in the pages of this book than I have in many. The topic is one we can probably all identify with and this is a good book overall to make you stop and think. As mentioned before, the writing just wasn’t my style. I received a copy of this book free from The B&B Media Group, Inc., as part of their Book Review Blogger Program. I was not required to write a positive review. The opinions I have expressed are my own. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission's 16 CFR, Part 255: "Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising."
This little book is packed with A LOT of information. It starts by asking the question - Is there more to life than this? I think this is a question we have all asked at one time or another. From there it goes on to ask Who is Jesus and why did He die? That is only the tip of the iceberg in this little book. I am preparing myself to read through it again, as the first time through I feel like I just got a broad overview and that it has so much more to offer. The Alpha course is actually offered at our church, and my husband and I have considered going many times, but with three kids, there is always some kind of conflict and it usually fell over the weekend getaway at the end. A weekend that I think we would really want to be a part of! So you can understand why I want to give this book a second and possibly a third read through. I am hoping that my husband will also get the chance to pick it up. If you have friends struggling with their faith, or maybe not believing in God at all - then I would recommend this book to them. It is non-threatening approach to Christianity without any specific church theology thrown in. Everything is straight from the Bible - so you really can't lose.