Questions on Love and Charity: Summa Theologiae, Secunda Secundae, Questions 23-46

Questions on Love and Charity: Summa Theologiae, Secunda Secundae, Questions 23-46

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Overview

Questions on Love and Charity: Summa Theologiae, Secunda Secundae, Questions 23-46 by Thomas Aquinas


A fresh translation of quaestiones from the Summa theologiae of Thomas Aquinas, edited by Robert Miner. This volume provides direct access to the medieval theologian’s deepest thinking about the supreme goal of human life—blessedness—and the virtue most intimately related to this goal—charity. The edition also contains Aquinas’s treatment of charity’s effects—love, joy, peace, and mercy—and the vices opposed to them, such as hatred, envy, and war. Featuring five supplementary essays by noted Aquinas scholars, the volume will enable readers to engage more thoroughly with the thought of Thomas Aquinas.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300195415
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 04/26/2016
Series: Rethinking the Western Tradition
Pages: 416
Sales rank: 1,227,267
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.20(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author


Robert C. Mineris author of Thomas Aquinas on the Passions and professor of philosophy in the Honors College at Baylor University.

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations xiv

Introduction: Reading Thomas on Charity in the Summa of Theology Robert Miner 1

Summa of Theology, Secunda Secundae, Questions 23-46 on Charity, with the Opposed Vices, Precepts, and Gift

Question 23 Charity in Itself 21

Article 1 Whether charity is friendship 21

Article 2 Whether charity is something created in the soul 24

Article 3 Whether charity is a virtue 26

Article 4 Whether charity is a special virtue 28

Article 5 Whether charity is one virtue 30

Article 6 Whether charity is the most, excellent of the virtues 31

Article 7 Whether there can be any true virtue without charity 33

Article 8 Whether charity is the form of the virtues 36

Question 24 The Subject of Charity 38

Article 1 Whether the will is the subject of charity 38

Article 2 Whether charity is caused in us by infusion 40

Article 3 Whether charity is infused according to the quantity of natural things 41

Article 4 Whether charity can be increased 43

Article 5 Whether charity is increased by addition 45

Article 6 Whether charity is increased by any particular act of charity 48

Article 7 Whether charity is increased to infinity 49

Article 8 Whether charity can be completed in this life 51

Article 9 Whether three steps of charity are appropriately distinguished 53

Article 10 Whether charity can be decreased 55

Article 11 Whether charity once possessed can be lost 58

Article 12 Whether charity is lost by a single act of mortal sin 61

Question 25 The Object of Charity 65

Article 1 Whether the love of charity stops at God, or also extends to our neighbor 65

Article 2 Whether charity should be loved out of charity 67

Article 3 Whether even irrational creatures should be loved out of charity 69

Article 4 Whether a person loves himself out of charity 70

Article 5 Whether a person should love his own body out of charity 72

Article 6 Whether sinners should be loved out of charity 73

Article 7 Whether sinners love themselves 76

Article 8 Whether it is necessary for charity that enemies are loved 78

Article 9 Whether it is necessary for charity that a person show the signs or effects of love to his enemy 80

Article 10 Whether we should love the angels out of charity 82

Article 11 Whether we should love the demons out of charity 83

Article 12 Whether the four things that should be loved out of charity are inappropriately enumerated 85

Question 26 The Order of Charity 87

Article 1 Whether there is an order in charity 87

Article 2 Whether God should be loved more than one's neighbor 88

Article 3 Whether a person should out of charity love God more than himself 90

Article 4 Whether a person should out of charity love himself more than his neighbor 92

Article 5 Whether a person should love his neighbor more than his own body 94

Article 6 Whether one neighbor should be loved more than another 95

Article 7 Whether we should love our better neighbors more than our closely connected ones 97

Article 8 Whether one who is connected to us by carnal origin should be loved most of all 100

Article 9 Whether out of charity a person should love his child more than his father 102

Article 10 Whether a person should love his mother more than his father 104

Article 11 Whether a man should love his wife more than his father or mother 106

Article 12 Whether a person should love his benefactor more than his beneficiary 107

Article 13 Whether the order of charity remains in the homeland 109

Question 27 The Principal Act of Charity, Which Is Love 113

Article 1 What is more proper to charity, being loved or loving 113

Article 2 Whether loving, so far as it is charity's act, is nothing other than goodwill 115

Article 3 Whether God is loved out of charity on account of himself 117

Article 4 Whether in this life God can be loved without mediation 119

Article 5 Whether God can be loved wholly 121

Article 6 Whether in divine love some measure should be observed 122

Article 7 Whether loving an enemy is more meritorious than loving a friend 125

Article 8 Whether loving our neighbor is more meritorious than loving God 127

Question 28 On Joy 129

Article 1 Whether Joy is an effect of charity in us 129

Article 2 Whether the spiritual joy that is caused by charity receives an admixture of sorrow 131

Article 3 Whether the spiritual joy that is caused by charity can be full in us 132

Article 4 Whether joy is a virtue 134

Question 29 On Peace 137

Article 1 Whether peace is the same as concord 137

Article 2 Whether all things desire peace 139

Article 3 Whether peace is a proper effect of charity 141

Article 4 Whether peace is a virtue 143

Question 30 On Mercy 145

Article 1 Whether an evil is properly the motive of mercy 145

Article 2 Whether a defect on the part of the one who is merciful is the reason for being merciful 147

Article 3 Whether mercy is a virtue 149

Article 4 Whether mercy is the greatest of the virtues 152

Question 31 On Doing Good 154

Article 1 Whether doing good is an act of charity 154

Article 2 Whether good should be done to everyone 156

Article 3 Whether more good should be done to those who are more connected to us 157

Article 4 Whether doing good is a special virtue 160

Question 34 On Hatred 162

Article 1 Whether anyone can hate God 162

Article 2 Whether hatred of God is the greatest of sins 164

Article 3 Whether all hatred of one's neighbor is a sin 165

Article 4 Whether hatred of one's neighbor is the gravest of the sins that are committed against one's neighbor 167

Article 5 Whether hatred is a capital vice 168

Article 6 Whether hatred arises from envy 170

Question 35 On Acedia 173

Article 1 Whether acedia is a sin 173

Article 2 Whether acedia is a special vice 176

Article 3 Whether acedia is a mortal sin 177

Article 4 Whether acedia should be set down as a capital vice 179

Question 36 On Envy 183

Article 1 Whether envy is sorrow 183

Article 2 Whether envy is a sin 185

Article 3 Whether envy is a mortal sin 188

Article 4 Whether envy is a capital vice 190

Question 37 On Discord 193

Article 1 Whether discord is a sin 193

Article 2 Whether discord is the daughter of vainglory 195

Question 38 On Contention 198

Article 1 Whether contention is a mortal sin 198

Article 2 Whether contention is the daughter of vainglory 201

Question 39 On Schism 203

Article 1 Whether schism is a special sin 203

Article 2 Whether schism is a graver sin than faithlessness 205

Article 3 Whether schismatics have any power 208

Article 4 Whether it is appropriate to punish schismatics by excommunication 210

Question 40 On War 212

Article 1 Whether to make war is always a sin 212

Article 2 Whether it is lawful for clerics and bishops to fight 215

Article 3 Whether in wars it is lawful to lay ambushes 218

Article 4 Whether it is lawful to make war on feast days 219

Question 41 On Quarreling 221

Article 1 Whether quarreling is always a sin 221

Article 2 Whether quarreling is the daughter of anger 223

Question 42 On Sedition 226

Article 1 Whether sedition is a special sin, distinct from other sins 226

Article 2 Whether sedition is always a mortal sin 227

Question 43 On Scandal 230

Article 1 Whether scandal is inappropriately defined as "something said or done less rightly, bringing an occasion of ruin." 230

Article 2 Whether scandal is a sin 233

Article 3 Whether scandal is a special sin 235

Article 4 Whether scandal is a mortal sin 237

Article 5 Whether passive scandal can fall upon even those who are perfect 238

Article 6 Whether active scandal can be found in perfect men 240

Article 7 Whether spiritual goods should be given up on account of scandal 241

Article 8 Whether temporal things; should be given up on account of scandal 245

Question 44 The Precepts of Charity 248

Article 1 Whether a precept should be given about charity 248

Article 2 Whether two precepts should have been given 250

Article 3 Whether two precepts of charity suffice 252

Article 4 Whether it is appropriately commanded that God should be loved with one's whole heart 254

Article 5 Whether it is appropriately added "and with your whole soul and with your whole strength," etc 256

Article 6 Whether this precept about the love of God can be kept in via 257

Article 7 Whether the precept about the love of one's neighbor is given appropriately 259

Article 8 Whether the order of charity falls under a precept 261

Question 45 The Gift of Wisdom 263

Article 1 Whether wisdom should be counted among the gifts of the Holy Spirit 263

Article 2 Whether wisdom is in the intellect, as in its subject 265

Article 3 Whether wisdom is only speculative, or also practical 267

Article 4 Whether wisdom can be without grace, and with mortal sin 269

Article 5 Whether wisdom is in everyone who has grace 270

Article 6 Whether the Seventh Beatitude corresponds to the gift of wisdom 272

Question 46 On Folly, Which Is Opposed to Wisdom 276

Article 1 Whether folly is opposed to wisdom 276

Article 2 Whether folly is a sin 278

Article 3 Whether folly is the daughter of lust 279

Essays

Some Paradoxes in Teaching Charity Mark D. Jordan 283

Disagreeing in Charity: Learning from Thomas Aquinas Robert Miner 299

Is Charity the Holy Spirit? The Development of Aquinas's Disagreement with Peter Lombard Dominic Doyle 313

Dominic Doyle Righteousness and Divine Love: Maimonides and Thomas on Charity Jeffrey A. Bernstein 336

Grace-Perfected Nature: The Interior Effect of Charity in Joy, Peace, and Mercy Shenl Overmyer 355

Works Cited 373

Scriptural Citations 374

Nonscriptural Citations 384

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