Race, Power, and Political Emergence in Memphis examines black political behavior and empowerment strategies in the city of Memphis. Each chapter of the text focuses on three themes-mobilization, emergence, and incorporation. By analyzing the effects of race on black political development in Memphis, scholars will be able to examine broader questions about its effects in other cities. How do political machines use substantial black electorates to their advantage? What forms of protest do black communities conduct to rebel against machine rule? What primary mobilization tactics have black citizens used during the different periods of their political development? Why do blacks mobilize more quickly in some cities? In cities with large and predominantly black populations, what elements prevent black candidates from winning citywide races? What constraints do newly elected black mayors face? What benefits do black citizens gain from their representation? After a predominantly black governing coalition is elected, what obstacles remain? Can black citizens translate proportional representation into strong political incorporation? How much power can African Americans realistic expect to gain in cities? This book is the most comprehensive case study of the city's political scene written to date. The text primarily shows that white racism is not the only obstacle to black political development. Black citizens can have population majorities, but lose elections for other reasons. Their ability to win elections and gain full incorporation depends heavily on whether they minimize internal conflict and establish coalitions with middle-class citizens and the business establishment.
About the Author
Sharon Wright Austin is associate professor of political science at the University of Florida and a former associate professor of political science and black studies at the University of Missouri, Columbia. She has also taught courses at the Universities of Michigan and Louisville and at Yale University. Dr. Wright received a doctorate in political science from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville in 1993. Her teaching interests are in American Government, Urban Politics, and African American Politics and her research interests are in African American mayoral elections, rural African American political activism, and African American political behavior.
Table of Contents
1. The Role of Race in Local Electoral Politics
2. Black Politics and Race Relations in Memphis During Reconstruction
3. The Crump Machine and Black Memphis
4. The Civil Rights Movement in Memphis
5. Racial Polarization and Electoral Behavior
6. The 1991 Memphis Mayoral Election: W.W.Herenton Targets Black Mobilization
7. The Limits of Mayoral Power and the Ethnoracial Transition in Memphis
8. The Continuing Search for Full Incorporation in Memphis