Readings in the History of Evolutionary Theory: Selections from Primary Sources / Edition 1

Readings in the History of Evolutionary Theory: Selections from Primary Sources / Edition 1

by Ronald Wetherington
ISBN-10:
0195386876
ISBN-13:
9780195386875
Pub. Date:
01/28/2011
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA

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Overview

Readings in the History of Evolutionary Theory: Selections from Primary Sources / Edition 1

This collection of primary source readings covers the history of evolutionary theory from its roots in Classical Greece to the present. Beginning with excerpts from Plato and Aristotle, the volume proceeds chronologically through the time of Darwin and ends with a look at the revolutions in thought—such as evolutionary development biology—that carry the evolutionary narrative from Darwin to the current day.

Wetherington begins each chapter with an overview that contextualizes the selections it contains. Vivid biographical sketches at the beginning of each reading illuminate the authors and the oeuvre out of which each work arose. These overviews and sketches are designed to assist students in drawing historical distinctions and parallels between the preceding and succeeding units of the book, while discussion questions at the end of each unit allow students to apply the history of evolutionary theory to their own lives. Suggestions for further reading are also provided so that students can pursue their study of evolutionary theory outside of the classroom.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195386875
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 01/28/2011
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Ronald K. Wetherington is Professor of Anthropology at Southern Methodist University, where he is also the Director of the Center for Teaching Excellence. He is the author of Understanding Human Evolution (1992) and The Ceramics of Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala (1978).

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Chapter 1. Roots of Science
I. Classical Greece
Plato
Dialogues: Phaedo
Dialogues: Timaeus
Laws, Bk VI
Republic, Bk V
Hippocrates
Airs, Waters, Places, Para 14
Aristotle
On the Heavens, Bk I, Ch 3
On the Soul, Bk I, Ch 1
On the Soul, Bk I, Ch 2
On the Parts of Animals, Bk I, Ch 5
Metaphysics, Bk V, Part 28
The History of Animals, Bk VIII, Part 1
On the Generation of Animals, Bk I, Ch 17-18
The History of Animals, Bk VIII, Ch 28
The History of Animals, Bk V, Ch 1
Physics, Bk II, Ch 8
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
II. Medieval Society and Science
St. Augustine of Hippo
City of God, Bk XI, Ch 4
City of God, Bk XII, Ch 10
Roger Bacon
On Experimental Science
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
III: The Mechanical World of the 16th Century
Nicholas Copernicus
On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies, Dedication
On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies
Leonardo Da Vinci
Of the Deluge and of Marine Shells
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 2. The 17th Century: Public Science and the New Methodologies
Francis Bacon
Novum Organum, Vol. III, Preface
Novum Organum, Vol. III, Bk II
On the Proficience and Advancement of Learning, Vol I, Bk II
Novum Organum, Vol. III, Bk I
René Descartes
Rules for the Direction of the Mind
Isaac Newton
Optics, Bk III, Part 1
Voltaire
Letter XIV: On Descartes and Sir Isaac Newton
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 3. 17th Century: Reconciling Past and Present
Nicholas Steno
The Prodromus
John Ray
The Correspondence of John Ray
Experiments Concerning the Motion of the Sap in Trees
Further Correspondence of John Ray
Thomas Burnet
The Sacred Theory of the Earth
William Harvey
Anatomical Exercises on the Generation of Animals
Introduction
Ex. 1
Ex. 25
Ex. 33
Ex. 45
Ex. 50
Ex. 56
Robert Hooke
Micrographia
Lectures and Discourses on Earthquakes and Subterranean Eruptions
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 4. 18th Century Enlightenment: Classification and Description
Charles Bonnet
The Contemplation of Nature, Vol. I
The Contemplation of Nature, Vol. II
Carolus Linnaeus
Reflections on the Study of Nature
Lachesis Lapponica (Travels to Lapland), Vol. 1
Comte de Buffon
Histoire Naturelle, Vol. 1
Histoire Naturelle, Vol. 2
Histoire Naturelle, Vol. 3
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
On the Natural Varieties of Mankind
Contributions to Natural History, Part 1
James Hutton
Abstract of a Dissertation read in the Royal Society of Edinburgh
Theory of the Earth, Vol. I, Part II
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 5. 18th Century Enlightenment: Evolution and Progress
Erasmus Darwin
Zoonomia, Vol. 1
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Zoological Philosophy
William Paley
Natural Theology
Thomas Malthus
An Essay on the Principle of Population
Adam Smith
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Bk 1, Ch 8
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 6. Early 19th Century: The Road to Darwin
Georges Cuvier
Essay on the Theory of the Earth
Memoirs of Baron Cuvier, R. Lee
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
Anatomical Philosophy
Memoirs sur l'organísatíon des insectes
Richard Owen
On the Archetype and Homologies of the Vertebrate Skeleton
Charles Lyell
Principles of Geology, Vol I
Principles of Geology, Vol II
Principles of Geology, Vol III
Robert Chambers
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, Ch 12
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, Ch 14
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 7. The Age of Darwin, I: The Beagle
Charles Darwin
Correspondence related to the appointment
(Francis Darwin, ed.) Life & Letters of Charles Darwin. . .
Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (1)
Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited (1)
The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Part III: Birds
Darwin's Ornithological Notes (1836).
The Voyage of the Beagle, Ch. 17: Galapagos Archipelago (Journal of researchesEL2)
Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (2)
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 8. The Age of Darwin, II: After the Voyage
Barlow, Nora ed. 1958.
The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809-1882 (1)
Herbert, Sandra, ed. 1980.
The red notebook of Charles Darwin. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History)
de Beer, Gavin ed. 1960.
Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part I. First notebook [B]
Barlow, Nora ed. 1958.
The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809-1882 (2)
Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 6: 1856-1857.
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 7: 1858-1859 (1).
The Darwin-Wallace Papers: Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society
Introduction by Lyell and Hooker
I. Extract from an unpublished Work on Species, by C. Darwin, Esq., etc.
II. Abstract of a Letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, etc.
III. On the Tendency of Varieties to depart indefinitely from the Original Type.
Alfred Russel Wallace.
Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 7: 1858-1859 (2).
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 9. The Age of Darwin, III: The Origin
Darwin, C. R., On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, . . .
Chapter II: Variation Under Nature
Chapter III: Struggle for Existence
Chapter IV: Natural Selection
Chapter VI: Difficulties on Theory
Chapter XIV: Recapitulation and Conclusion
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 10. The Age of Darwin, IV: The Aftermath
Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 7: 1858-1859
Owen, Richard, [Anonymous]
"Darwin on the Origin of Species", Edinburgh Review, 3: 487-532, April, 1860.
Burkhardt, Frederick, and Sydney Smith, eds,
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 8: 1860-1861
Wilberforce, Samuel [Anonymous]
On the Origin of Species, etc. Quarterly Review, 1860
The Oxford Confrontation
Letter 2852 - Hooker, J.D. to Darwin, C.R., 2 July 1860
Huxley, Thomas, [Anonymous]
"Darwin on the Origin of Species," Westminster Review 17:541-570 (1860).
Jenkin, Fleeming
"The origin of species", The North British Review, June 1867
St. George Mivart
On the Genesis of Species. London: MacMillan and Co. (1871)
Darwin, C. R.
The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. 1
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 11. Early 20th Century: The Rise of Genetics and the Evolutionary Synthesis
Gregor Mendel
Experiments in Plant Hybridization
George H. Hardy
Mendelian proportions in a mixed population
Thomas Hunt Morgan
The Scientific Basis of Evolution
Vitalist Theories
George Gaylord Simpson
The Meaning of Evolution
Ernst Mayr
"80 Years of Watching the Evolutionary Scenery"
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 12. Beyond Biology: Social Darwinism and Eugenics
Herbert Spencer
"Progress: Its Law and Cause"
William Graham Sumner
The Challenge of Facts and Other Essays
The Rise of Eugenics
Francis Galton
"Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope, and Aims,"
Buck v. Bell
274 U.S. 200, Buck v. Bell, Opinion of the Court
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 13. Evolution and Religion Revisited: Creationism
Stephen Jay Gould
"Nonoverlapping Magisteria"
Phillip Johnson
"The Unraveling of Scientific Materialism"
Michael Ruse
"Is Evolution Just another Religion?"
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 14. Nature-Nurture Revisited: the Rise of Sociobiology
Trivers, Robert L.
"Parental Investment and Sexual Selection"
Hamilton, W. D. (1964)
"The genetic evolution of social behavior. I"
"The genetic evolution of social behavior. II"
Trivers, Robert L.
"The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism"
Wilson, Edward O.
"Science and Ideology"
David Sloan Wilson and Edward O. Wilson
"Rethinking the Theoretical Foundation of Sociobiology"
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Chapter 15. Current Challenges to the Synthetic Theory
Niche Construction
Day, Rachel L., Kevin N. Laland, and John Odling-Smee
"Rethinking adaptation: the niche-construction perspective", 2003
Evo-Devo
Darwin, Charles
On the origin of species by means of natural selection, . . . (1859), Chapter 13
Bateson, William
Materials for the Study of Variation, treated with especial regard to discontinuity in the origin of species. New York: Macmillan and Co., 1894
Carroll, Sean B.
"Homeotic genes and the evolution of arthropods and chordates," Nature, 1995
Shubin, Neil, Cliff Tabin, and Sean Carroll
"Fossils, genes and the evolution of animal limbs," Nature,1997
Grenier, Jennifer K., et al.
"Evolution of the entire arthropod Hox gene set predated the origin and radiation of the onychophoran/anthropod clade," Current Biology, 1997
A Final Word
Gould, Stephen Jay, "Is a new and general theory of evolution emerging?" Paleobiology, 1980
Ideas to Think About
For Further Reading
Works Cited

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