For many desktop publishers, photographers, illustrators, designers, prepress houses, and service bureaus, Adobe Photoshop is the tool of choice when preparing images for print or the Web. Version 5.0 promises more power, a multiple undo feature, enhanced color management, new workflow tools, increased precision and control abilities, and more. Real World Photoshop 5 is the only book that explicitly covers the production issues Photoshop users deal with every day. Richly illustrated and in full-color throughout, the book is entirely updated to cover the new features of Photoshop 5.0, on both Windows and Macintosh platforms. It explains in simple language the essential concepts and techniques for producing high-quality, professional images quickly and efficiently, covering in depth the key Photoshop tools-not only how to use them, but also why and when. Previous editions of this book have sold over 30,000 copies. The only book that explicitly addresses the production, color, and prepress issues Macintosh and Windows Photoshop users deal with daily. Authors Blatner and Fraser have collectively written many books and articles on color publishing and desktop publishing.
Table of ContentsOverview: The Big Picture.
Contents: What's Inside.
Author! Author!: Where to Reach Us.
Foreword: Photoshop Conquers the World.
Preface: Photoshop in the Real World : xxiii.
Ask Your Printer. Developing Your "Spidey Sense". The Step-by-Step Stuff. History is Important. Whither Photography?. The Depth of Understanding. How the Book is Organized. A Word to Windows Users. Thank You!
1. Building a Photoshop System: Putting It All Together
Hardware. Choosing a Platform. RAM. Windows Swapfile. Scratch Disk Space. Video Acceleration. The Power of Photoshop.
2. Essential Photoshop Tips and Tricks: Making Photoshop Fly
Upgrading to a New Version. Upgrading from Version 3. What's New in Version 5. Windows. Navigation. Magnification. Moving. Navigator Palette. Moving Pixels. Guides, Grids, and Alignment. Dialog Boxes. Keystrokes. Previewing. New Dialog Box. Tools. Eyedropper. Type Tool. Gradient Tool. Paint Brushes. Cropping Tool. Eraser Tool. Measurement Tool. Palettes. Options Palette. Brushes Palette. Layers Palette. Info Palette. Color Palettes. Preferences. When Things Go Worng. The History Palette. Easter Eggs. The World of Photoshop.
3. Image Essentials: It's All Zeros and Ones.
Bitmapped versus Object-Oriented Graphics. Words, Words, Words. Bitmapped Images. Dimension. Bit Depth. Image Mode. Resolution. How Much Is Enough?. Line art. Terms of Resolution. Grayscale and Color Halftones.Grayscale and Color Continuous-Tone Output. On-screen Output (Multimedia and the Web). Resampling. Upsampling versus Downsampling. Image Size Dialog Box. Image Mode. Bitmap. Grayscale. Duotone. Indexed Color. RGB. CMYK. Lab. Multichannel. Bitmaps and File Size. Figuring File Size. Billions and Billions of Bits.
4. Color Essentials: What Makes a Color.
Primary Colors. Additive and Subtractive Color. An Imperfect World. The Color Wheel. Figuring Saturation and Brightness. Tristimulus Models and Color Spaces. How Colors Affect Each Other. Device-Independent Color. Color Relationships at a Glance. Lab Color. Working with Colors.
5. Color Settings: Configuring Photoshop's Color Engine.
Color Settings. Color Management Systems Explained. CMS Components. Conveying Color Meaning. Color Management in Photoshop. Color Settings Overview. Color Settings at a Glance. The RGB Editing Space. CIE xyY and Colorants. Photoshop and Lab. Choosing an RGB Working Space. RGB versus Lab. Custom RGB Spaces. Configuring RGB Setup. How White are Your Whites?. RGB Setup and the Monitor. Using Measuring Hardware with a Smart Monitor. Creating a Consistent Environment. Evaluating Your Monitor. Using Measuring Hardware with a Dumb Monitor. Visual Calibration using Adobe Gamma. Loading the Monitor Profile. Output Setup and Calibration. CMYK Model. Photoshop Classic. Ink Colors. Dot Gain. Separation Options. Dot Gain: Coping with Midtone Spread. Typical Photoshop Classic Setups. ICC. Who Does the Conversion?. Canned versus Custom Profiles. Installing ICC Profiles. ICC Options. Creating ICC Profiles. Tables. Loading Tables. Black Is Black (or Is It?). Saving ICC Profiles. Longing for the Old Days. Custom Separation Tables. Grayscale Setup. Profile Setup. Embed Profiles. Assumed Profiles. Profile Mismatch Handling. Profile Setup Recommendations. Missing and Mismatched Profiles. Profile-to-Profile.
6. Tonal Correction: Stretching and Squeezing the Bits.
Stretching and Squeezing the Bits. Data Loss in Perspective. Difference Is Detail. Tonal-Correction Issues. Tonal-Correction Tools. The Histogram. Highlight and Shadow Clipping. How Much Information Is Present. Histograms Are Generalizations. The Info Palette. Palette Options. The Nonlinear Advantage. Levels and Curves. Levels. Input Levels. Output Levels. Levels Command Goodies. Curves. White Points and Black Points and Grays, Oh My!. Setting Endpoints with Levels. Setting Endpoints with the Eyedropper Tools. The Math Behind the Eyedroppers. Setting Endpoints with Curves. When to Set the Endpoints. Compensating for Dot Gain. Tonal Correction in Practice. Using Levels to Correct a Good Scan. Correcting an Archival Image with Levels. Deep Fixes with Curves. Save the Curves. Sharpen Before Final Tonal Compression. Final Compression with the Eyedroppers. Tonal Magic.
7: Color Correction. Thinking in RGB and CMYK.
Changing Modes and Losing Information. RGB to Lab. CMYK and Lab. RGB to CMYK. RGB to RGB. RGB versus CMYK. CMYK Myths. When to Use CMYK. When to Use RGB. Image Correction and Targeting. Correcting Color Images. Targeting Color Images. Color-Correction Tools. Histogram. Info Palette. CMYK Preview. Gamut Alarm. Gamut Warning. Levels. Curves. Black, White, and Gray Eyedroppers. Using the Eyedroppers. The Color Balance Command. Are All Color Casts Bad?. Hue/Saturation. Interpreting RGB and CMYK Values. Replace Color. Selective Color. Channel Mixer. Color Correction in Practice. Fixing a Bad Scan. Fixing Contrast and Color. Correcting Color Balance with Eyedroppers. Correcting an Old Photo CD Image. Working with a High-Bit Scan. Color is Personal.
8: The Digital Darkroom. Photographic Techniques in Photoshop.
Why Use Adjustment Layers?. Why Not Use Adjustment Layers?. Adjustment Layer Basics. Creating Adjustment Layers. Controlling Adjustment Layers. Using Adjustment Layers. Simple Adjustment Layers. Advanced Adjustment Layers. Darkroom Experiments.
9: Sharpening. Getting an Edge on Your Image.
Unsharp Masking. How the Unsharp Mask Filter Works. Amount. Radius. Threshold. Everything's Relative. Correction versus Targeting. Correcting for Input. Sharpening for Output. Working the Controls. Image Detail and Sharpening Radius. Unsharp Masking Tricks. Sharpening Channels. Suppressing Noise with Masks. Selective Sharpening. Avoiding the Crunchies.
10: Spot Colors and Duotones. Special Inks for Special Projects.
Spot Colors from Photoshop. Spot-Color Channels. Applying Spot Colors. Knocking Out versus Overprinting. Building Traps. Saving Images with Spot Colors. Multitone Images. Expanding the Tonal Range. Colorizing Images. Photoshop's Duotones. Adjusting Screen Colors. Spot versus Process Color. Adjusting Colors. Overprint Colors. Setting Curves. Expanding Highlights and Shadows. Curves Is Curves. Creating the Curves. The Info Palette. Unthinkable Curves. Compressing Tones for Targeting. Turning Grayscale to Color. Converting Grayscale Images to Color. Simulating Spot Colors in CMYK. Converting from Duotone to CMYK Mode. Saving and Outputting. Screen Angles. Printing Order. Printing Proofs of Spot Color Images. Billions of Shades of Gray.
11: Line Art. Dreaming in Black and White.
Scanning in Grayscale. Resolution. Sharpening. Thresholding. Scanning Prescreened Art. Perfect Forms.
12. Scanners: The Right Tool for the Right Job.
Scanners. CCDs vs PMTs. Resolution. Bit Depth. Dynamic Range and dMax. Flatbed Scanners. Drum Scanners. Transparency Scanners. Digital Cameras. Photo CD. From Photons to Pixels.
13. Capturing Images: Good Data In, Good Data Out.
What Makes a Good Scan (and Why You Should Care). The Original. Why Good Scans Are Important. Getting a Good Scan. Resolution. Tone and ColorDefining Your Goals. Scanning Strategies. Targeting. Software Tools. Image-Evaluation Tools. Image-Adjustment Tools. Sharpening. Photo CD Revisited. Photo CD Lingo. Knowing What to Ask For. Bringing Photo CD Images into Photoshop. Is That All There Is?.
14. Selections: Paths, Masks, and Channels.
Masking-Tape Selections. Why Digital Tape Is Better. Benefits of Partial Selection. Selection Tools. Marquee. Lasso. Magic Wand. Floating Selections. Selections from Channels. Quick Masks. Editing Quick Masks. Anti-Aliasing and Feathering. Anti-Aliasing. Feathering. Channels. Alpha Channels. Multidocument Channels. Color Channels. The Select Menu. Grow. Similar. Color Range. Canned colors.. Modify. Selections and Layers. Transparency Masks. Layer Masks. Layers as Masks. Paths. Creating and Editing Paths. Paths to Selections. Selections to Paths. Rasterizing Paths. Step-by-Step Silhouettes. The Spill's the Thing. A Simple, Hard-Edged Silhouette. Pulling Selections from Channels. Removing Spill from Fine-Edged Selections. Removing Spill with Preserve Transparency. Enhancing Edges with Filters. Enhancing Edges with Adjustment Layers. Masks, Channels, and Life.
15. Essential Image Techniques: Pushing Pixels into Place.
Taking Care of the Basics. The Color of Grayscale. Retouching. Rubber Stamp. Dust and Scratches. Objects versus Pixels. Open versus Place. Drop Shadows. Photoshop Effects. Troubles in Page-Layout Land. Drop Shadows of Text and Objects. Digimarc Watermarking. Rescreens. Frequency Considerations. Rotating. Text and Bitmapped Images. Actions. Keep in Mind. Actions Basics. Troubleshooting Actions. New Techniques.
16. Storing Images: Managing Files for Fast Production.
Preview Options. Saving and Opening Images. File Formats. Photoshop. Photoshop 2.0. File Formats for Print. Encapsulated PostScript (EPS). TIFF versus EPS. DCS. TIFF. Clipping Paths. File Formats for Multimedia and the Web. PICT. CompuServe GIF. Macintosh File Types and PC Extensions. JPEG. Niche File Formats. Reasonable Niche File Formats. Unreasonable Niche File Formats. Compressing Images. Lossy versus Lossless. Lossless Compression. Lossy Compression. To Compress or Not to Compress. Archiving. From Photoshop to the Future.
17. Output Methods: Getting It Printed.
Contone versus Halftone. Halftones. Screen Settings: What Overrides What?. The Rule of 16. Making Halftones in Photoshop. Contone Output. Hybrid Color Screening. Hi-Fi Color. Image Differences. Hybrid Screening. Imaging from Photoshop. Page Setup. Print. Imaging from a Page-Layout Program. QuarkxPress and PageMaker. Getting It Out.
18. Multimedia and the Web: Purposing Pixels for the Screen.
Preparing Images. Tone. Color. Resolution. Saving Your Images. JPEG. GIF. Transparency. The Future of Publishing.
Appendix: Color Plates.
Image Credits and Permissions.