The 'Precautionary Principle' has sparked the central controversy over European and U.S. risk regulation. The Reality of Precaution is the most comprehensive study to go beyond precaution as an abstract principle and test its reality in practice. This groundbreaking resource combines detailed case studies of a wide array of risks to health, safety, environment and security; a broad quantitative analysis; and cross-cutting chapters on politics, law, and perceptions. The authors rebut the rhetoric of conflicting European and American approaches to risk, and show that the reality has been the selective application of precaution to particular risks on both sides of the Atlantic, as well as a constructive exchange of policy ideas toward 'better regulation.' The book offers a new view of precaution, regulatory reform, comparative analysis, and transatlantic relations.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.40(d)|
About the Author
Jonathan B. Wiener is a professor of law, environmental policy, and public policy studies at Duke University, and a university fellow at Resources for the Future.
Michael D. Rogers is an independent consultant on risk, science, and ethics, and a former member of the Bureau of European Policy Advisers reporting to the President of the European Commission.
James K. Hammitt is a professor of economics and decision sciences at Harvard University.
Peter H. Sand is a lecturer in international environmental law at the University of Munich.
Table of Contents
Preface Jonathan B. Wiener xi
Part I Introduction
1 The Rhetoric of Precaution Jonathan B. Wiener 3
Part II Case Studies of Relative Precaution Regarding Specific Risks
2 Genetically Modified Foods and Crops Mark Cantley Maurice Lex 39
3 Beef, Hormones, and Mad Cows George Gray Michael D. Rogers Jonathan B. Wiener 65
4 Tobacco D. Douglas Blanke 91
5 Nuclear Power John F. Ahearne Adolf Birkhofer 121
6 Automobile Emissions Michael P. Walsh 142
7 Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Global Climate Change James K. Hammitt 159
8 The Marine Environment David Freestone 177
9 Biodiversity Conservation Kathryn A. Saterson 201
10 Chemicals Ortwin Renn E. Donald Elliott 223
11 Medical Errors, New Drug Approval, and Patient Safety Frances H. Miller 257
12 Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction Jessica Stern Jonathan B. Wiener 285
Part III Precaution in Risk Information Systems
13 Information Disclosure Peter H. Sand 323
14 Frameworks for Risk Assessment, Uncertainty, and Precaution Gail Charnley Michael D. Rogers 361
Part IV A Broader Empirical Test of Relative Precaution
15 A Quantitative Comparison of Relative Precaution in the United States and Europe, 1970-2004 Brendon Swedlow Denise Kall Zheng Zhou James K. Hammitt Jonathan B. Wiener 377
Part V Can We Explain the Observed Pattern of Precaution?
16 Political Institutions and the Principle of Precaution Giandomenico Majone 411
17 Legal and Administrative Systems: Implications for Precautionary Regulation Lucas Bergkamp Turner T. Smith, Jr. 434
18 Risk Perceptions and Risk Attitudes in the United States and Europe Elke U. Weber Jessica S. Ancker 480
19 Precautions against What? Perceptions, Heuristics, and Culture Cass R. Sunstein 492
Part VI Conclusions
20 The Real Pattern of Precaution Jonathan B. Wiener 519
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