ISBN-10:
0534573525
ISBN-13:
9780534573522
Pub. Date:
07/28/2001
Publisher:
Wadsworth Publishing Company
Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy / Edition 11

Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy / Edition 11

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Overview

The eleventh edition of this renowned, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. The text covers reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534573522
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Publication date: 07/28/2001
Series: Philosophy Ser.
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 672
Product dimensions: 7.60(w) x 9.60(h) x 1.37(d)

About the Author

Joel Feinberg (Professor Emeritus, late of University of Arizona) was widely recognized as one of America's leading political and social philosophers. Acclaimed both for his ground-breaking scholarship and his exemplary teaching skills, Feinberg published widely on topics such as individual rights, legal theory, capital punishment, the treatment of the mentally ill, civil disobedience, and environmental ethics. Before joining the University of Arizona faculty, he taught at Brown, Princeton, and Rockefeller universities. Feinberg was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1987-88 to work in Japan and served as chairman of the National Board of Officers in the American Philosophical Association in the mid-1980s. Some of the royalties from Reason and Responsibility have been used to establish the Regents Professor Joel Feinberg Dissertation Fellowship in Philosophy at the University of Arizona.


Russ Shafer-Landau received his Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and currently teaches at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he focuses on ethical theory and philosophy of the law. He is the author of THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ETHICS; MORAL REALISM; A DEFENCE; AND WHATEVER HAPPENED TO GOOD AND EVIL? He also serves as series editor for Oxford Studies in Metaethics.

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Part IReason and Religious Belief1
The Existence and Nature of God
The Ontological Argument, from Proslogion6
On Behalf of the Fool8
The Ontological Argument11
The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica22
A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument23
The Cosmological Argument24
The Puzzle of Reality: Why Does the Universe Exist?34
The Argument from Design40
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, II-XI46
Male-Chauvinist Religion80
The Problem of Evil
Rebellion, from The Brothers Karamazov89
Theodicy95
Evil and Omnipotence100
The Magnitude, Duration and Distribution of Evil: A Theodicy108
Reason and Faith
The Ethics of Belief121
The Will to Believe125
The Wager134
Miracles and Testimony, from Think137
Part IIHuman Knowledge: Its Grounds and Limits145
Skepticism
A Brain in a Vat152
Outlines of Skepticism154
The Problem of the Criterion159
Why Not Skepticism?165
Our Knowledge of the External World
Meditations on First Philosophy173
Proof of an External World206
The Causal Theory of Perception, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding209
Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous217
The Methods of Science
An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, II, IV-VII266
An Encounter with David Hume291
Creation, Evolution and Public Education311
Believing Where We Cannot Prove, from Abusing Science321
Part IIIMind and Its Place in Nature337
The Mind-Body Problem
Dualisms, from Body and Mind 2nd ed342
The Qualia Problem355
The Mind Is the Brain, from Introducing Persons359
Behaviorism, Materialism and Functionalism, from Matter and Consciousness368
Can Non-Humans Think?
Minds, Brains, and Programs384
Robots and Minds, from Consciousness397
Star Witness403
Personal Identity and the Survival of Death
Where Am I?, from Brainstorms420
Survival: The Problem of Identity428
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality434
Part IVDeterminism, Free Will and Responsibility455
Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and Its Incompatibility with any Important Sense of Free Will
The Illusion of Free Will, from System of Nature462
A Defense of Hard Determinism, from How Free Are You?467
Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and Its Compatibility with the Most Important Sense of Free Will
Freedom and Necessity, from Philosophical Essays481
The Problem of Free Will, from Religion and the Modern Mind486
Libertarianism: The Case for Free Will and Its Incompatibility with Determinism
Human Freedom and the Self492
Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes499
Freedom and Moral Responsibility
The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility513
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility523
Moral Luck529
Part VMorality and its Critics538
Challenges to Morality
Psychological Egoism547
Ethical Egoism, from The Elements of Moral Philosophy559
The Immoralist's Challenge from The Republic Book II567
Socrates' Answer (in part) from The Republic, Books, II, III and IV573
Master and Slave Morality from Beyond Good and Evil598
Proposed Standards of Right Conduct
Ethical Subjectivism604
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, from The Elements of Moral Philosophy616
The Nature of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics624
Leviathan, Part I, Chapters XIII-XV640
Justice as Fairness, from A Theory of Justice654
God and Morality664
The Good Will & The Categorical Imperative, from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals679
Utilitarianism, chapters 1 and 2694
Applied Ethics
Famine, Affluence, and Morality708
Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems716
The Survival Lottery722
Active and Passive Euthanasia727
A Reply to Rachels on Active and Passive Euthanasia731
A Defense of Abortion739
An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong750
All Animals Are Equal761
Glossary775

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