In Rebellion, Reconstruction, and Redemption, 1861-1893, the second of three volumes on the history of Beaufort County, Stephen R. Wise and Lawrence S. Rowland offer details about the district from 1861 to 1893, which influenced the development of the South Carolina and the nation. During a span of thirty years the region was transformed by the crucible of war from a wealthy, slave-based white oligarchy to a county where former slaves dominated a new, radically democratic political economy.
This volume begins where volume I concluded, the November 1861 Union capture and occupation of the Sea Islands clustered around Port Royal Sound, and the Confederate retreat and re-entrenchment on Beaufort District's mainland, where they fended off federal attacks for three and a half years and vainly attempted to maintain their pre-war life. In addition to chronicling numerous military actions that revolutionized warfare, Wise and Rowland offer an original, sophisticated study of the famous Port Royal Experiment in which United States military officers, government officials, civilian northerners, African American soldiers, and liberated slaves transformed the Union-occupied corner of the Palmetto State into a laboratory for liberty and a working model of the post-Civil War New South.
The revolution wrought by Union victory and the political and social Reconstruction of South Carolina was followed by a counterrevolution called Redemption, the organized campaign of Southern whites, defeated in the war, to regain supremacy over African Americans. While former slave-owning, anti-black "Redeemers" took control of mainland Beaufort County, they were thwarted on the Sea Islands, where African Americans retained power and kept reaction at bay. By 1893, elements of both the New and Old South coexisted uneasily side by side as the old Beaufort District was divided into Beaufort and Hampton counties. The Democratic mainland reverted to an agricultural-based economy while the Republican Sea Islands and the town of Beaufort underwent an economic boom based on the phosphate mining industry and the new commercial port in the lowcountry town of Port Royal.
|Publisher:||University of South Carolina Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 2.30(d)|
About the Author
Stephen R. Wise is the director of the Parris Island Museum, the cultural resource manager for the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, and serves on the editorial board for the South Carolina Historical Magazine. He is the author of two books published by the university of South Carolina Press--Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War and Gate of Hell: The Campaign for Charleston Harbor 1863, named by the South Carolina Historical Society as the best book written on South Carolina History in 1994. Wise lives in Beaufort with his wife Alice Parsons Wise.
Lawrence S. Rowland is professor of history at the University of South Carolina at Beaufort and past president of the South Carolina Historical Society. He is the coauthor of The History of Beaufort County: South Carolina: Volume I, 1514-1861.
Gerhard Spieler (1920-2012) was a historian who wrote extensively about Beaufort County on topics such as local churches, cemeteries, and military forts, and was also a researcher of the area's African American history. Spieler wrote a weekly column for the Beaufort Gazette and also wrote a column known as "Historically Speaking" for Sea Island Scene. Spieler was a military veteran of World War II and was married to Ruth Spieler.
Alexander Moore is a historian of colonial South Carolina, documentary editor, and student of southern art history. The former director of the South Carolina Historical Society, Moore is an acquisitions editor at the University of South Carolina Press and the author or editor of several works on southern history.
Table of Contents
Foreword Alexander Moore xi
Chapter 1 The Confederates Evacuate the Sea Islands 1
Chapter 2 Federal Occupation Begins 15
Chapter 3 The Northern Foothold Expands 32
Chapter 4 The Port Royal Experiment Begins 60
Chapter 5 The Confederate Beaufort District 83
Chapter 6 Arming the Slaves and the Battle of Pocotaligo 101
Chapter 7 Emancipation 151
Chapter 8 Initial Tax Sales and the George Washington 175
Chapter 9 Revival and the Combahee and Bluffton Raids 200
Chapter 10 The Attack on Charleston, 1863 222
Chapter 11 Tax Sales and Preemption 253
Chapter 12 Sea Island Transformation and Military Stalemate 275
Chapter 13 Battle of Honey Hill 301
Chapter 14 Battles of Tullifinny 340
Chapter 15 Sherman Invades the Beaufort District 367
Chapter 16 The War Ledger 405
Chapter 17 The Beginning of the New South 428
Chapter 18 An Uncertain Future 439
Chapter 19 The District Divided 457
Chapter 20 Decades of Enterprise, 1873-1893 492
Chapter 21 Beaufort County's Maritime Golden Age 520
Chapter 22 The Counterrevolution of 1876 and the Secession of Hampton County 541