Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology

Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology

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Yale University Press

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Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology

This book is the first devoted to modern biology’s innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields. Some of these scientists were Nobel Prize winners, some were considered cranks or gadflies, some were in fact wrong. The stories of these stubborn dissenters are individually fascinating. Taken together, they provide unparalleled insights into the role of dissent and controversy in science and especially the growth of biological thought over the past century.

Each of the book’s nineteen specially commissioned chapters offers a detailed portrait of the intellectual rebellion of a particular scientist working in a major area of biology--genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology as well as others. An introduction by the volume’s editors and an epilogue by R. C. Lewontin draw connections among the case studies and illuminate the nonconforming scientist’s crucial function of disturbing the comfort of those in the majority. By focusing on the dynamics and impact of dissent rather than on “winners” who are credited with scientific advances, the book presents a refreshingly original perspective on the history of the life sciences.

Scientists featured in this volume:

Alfred Russel Wallace

Hans Driesch

Wilhelm Johannsen

Raymond Arthur Dart

C. D. Darlington

Richard Goldschmidt

Barbara McClintock

Oswald T. Avery

Roger Sperry

Leon Croizat

Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards

Peter Mitchell

Howard Temin

Motoo Kimura

William D. Hamilton

Carl Woese

Stephen Jay Gould

Thelma Rowell

Daniel S. Simberloff

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300158458
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 09/01/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 416
Sales rank: 1,107,732
Product dimensions: 5.70(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments x

1 Introduction: On Rebels, Icons, and the Value of Dissent Oren Harman Michael R. Dietrich 1

2 Alfred Russel Wallace, the Discovery of Natural Selection, and the Origins of Humankind Michael Ruse 20

3 Rebel with Two Causes: Hans Driesch Garland E. Allen 37

4 Wilhelm Johannsen: A Rebel or a Diehard? Raphael Falk 65

5 Raymond Arthur Dart: The Man who Unwillingly Ushered in a Revolution in the Evolution of Humankind Phillip V. Tobias 84

6 In Weismann's Footsteps: The Cyto-Rebellion of C.D. Darlington Oren Harman 103

7 Striking the Hornet's Nest: Richard Goldschmidt's Rejection of the Particulate Gene Michael R. Dietrich 119

8 Rebellion and Iconoclasm in the Life and Science of Barbara McClintock Nathaniel Comfort 137

9 Challenging the Protein Dogma of the Gene: Oswald T. Avery, a Revolutionary Conservative Ute Deichmann 154

10 Roger Sperry and Integrative Action in the Nervous System Tim Horder 174

11 Leon Croizat: A Radical Biogeographer David L. Hull 194

12 Dogma, Heresy, and Conversion: Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards's Crusade and the Levels-of-Selection Debate Mark Borrello 213

13 Peter Mitchell: Changing the Face of Bioenergetics John Prebble Bruce Weber 231

14 Howard Temin: Rebel of Evidence and Reason Daniel J. Kevles 248

15 Motoo Kimura and the Rise of Neutralism James F. Crow 265

16 Against the Grain: The Science and Life of William D. Hamilton Ullica Segerstrale 282

17 The Iconoclastic Research Program of Carl Woese Jan Sapp 302

18 Stephen Jay Gould, Darwinian Iconoclast? David Sepkoski 321

19 Culture and Gender Do Not Dissolve into How Scientists "Read" Nature:Thelma Rowell's Heterodoxy Vinciane Despret 338

20 Bringing Statistical Methods to Community and Evolutionary Ecology: Daniel S. Simberloff William Dritschilo 356

Epilogue Legitimation Is the Name of the Game R.C. Lewontin 372

List of Contributors 381

Index 385

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