Kennedy describes how the Croix de Feu promised to restore patriotic unity to France but instead demonized the organization's enemies as unfit to be French; its successor, the Parti Social Français, professed a respect for democracy but actually promoted an authoritarian nationalist vision. Previous studies have focused on whether the Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Français should be considered fascist. Reconciling France against Democracy assesses them from a variety of perspectives and considers the extent to which they foreshadowed Jean-Marie Le Pen's Front National.
Despite its numbers, the Parti Social Français was marginalized by Vichy and La Rocque was imprisoned by the Germans. Kennedy explores the ideology and tactics of the Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Français to show how authoritarian nationalist groups can fail to attain power yet still exert a profound influence on a nation's political culture.
|Publisher:||McGill-Queens University Press|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||3 MB|
About the Author
Sean Kennedy is associate professor, history, at the University of New Brunswick.
Table of Contents
1 Vers le six février, 1927-1934 17
2 Against the Popular Front, 1934-1936 51
3 La Famille Croix de Feu 85
4 A Turbulent Transition, 1936-1937 120
5 Remaking the Republic? 1938-1939 157
6 Anticipating the État Social Françe;ais 189
7 War and Dispersion, 1939-1945 225