Americans don't know much about the Greek civil war, a bloody, internecine struggle that lasted from 1943 to 1949. But it was here that the Cold War between the Soviets (backing the Communists) and the United States (aiding the government forces) actually began. Gerolymatos (Hellenic studies, Simon Fraser Univ.; Guerilla Warfare and Espionage in Greece, 1940-1944) has written an exceedingly important study of this neglected conflict. Exhausted by World War II, the British were forced to withdraw their forces, which had been assisting the Greek monarchy, and the United States not for the last time! stepped into the breach with aid and arms. The Truman Doctrine, stating that the United States would provide support in any arena to stop Soviet aggression, also emerged from the Greek civil war. Making an admirable effort to present all sides of this brutal conflict, Gerylomatos's work nicely complements David Close's The Origins of the Greek Civil War (1995) and Howard Jones's A New Kind of War: America's Global Strategy and the Truman Doctrine in Greece (1989). Recommended for academic and large public libraries. Ed Goedeken, Iowa State Univ. Lib., Ames Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.