ISBN-10:
0393730948
ISBN-13:
9780393730944
Pub. Date:
08/01/2002
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Redesigning the American Dream: Gender,Housing,and Family Life / Edition 2

Redesigning the American Dream: Gender,Housing,and Family Life / Edition 2

by Dolores Hayden Ph.D.
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Overview

Winner of the National Endowment for the Arts Award for Excellence in Design Research, the Paul Davidoff Award for an Outstanding Book in Urban Planning, the Vesta Award for Feminist Scholarship in the Arts, and an ALA Notable Book Award: a provocative critique of how American housing patterns impact private and public life.


Americans still build millions of dream houses in neighborhoods that sustain Victorian stereotypes of the home as 'woman's place' and the city as 'man's world.' Urban historian and architect Dolores Hayden tallies the personal and social costs of an American 'architecture of gender' for the two-earner family, the single-parent family, and single people. Many societies have struggled with the architectural and urban consequences of women's paid employment: Hayden traces three models of home in historical perspective—the haven strategy in the United States, the industrial strategy in the former USSR, and the neighborhood strategy in European social democracies—to document alternative ways to reconstruct neighborhoods.


Updated and still utterly relevant today as the New Urbanist architects have taken up Hayden's critique of suburban space, this award-winning book is essential reading for architects, planners, public officials, and activists interested in women's social and economic equality.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393730944
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 08/01/2002
Edition description: REV
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Dolores Hayden, professor of architecture and American studies at Yale, writes about the politics of design.

Table of Contents

Preface to the 2002 Edition
Acknowledgments
Part I.The Evolution of American Housing17
1.Housing and American Life19
2.From Ideal City to Dream House33
The City on a Hill34
Each Farmer on His Own Farm35
The American Woman's Home36
"The City of the Faithfulest Friends"40
Evolution of the Public Landscape42
The Homelike World44
"Good Homes Make Contented Workers"48
Selling Mrs. Consumer50
"I'll Buy That Dream"52
3.Awakening from the Dream57
Outgrowing Our Prescriptive Architecture58
Creating the Critique60
Architects and Urban Planners61
Environmentalists63
Feminists68
Renters and Owners73
Sticker Shock75
Part II.Rethinking Private Life79
4.Nurturing: Home, Mom, and Apple Pie81
Three Models of Home85
The Haven Strategy87
The Industrial Strategy88
The Neighborhood Strategy91
Modifying Beecher's Haven Strategy95
Miniaturized Technology and Household Engineering95
Commercial Services97
Employer Benefits and State Services99
Swedish Parent Insurance100
Male Participation101
Modifying Bebel's Industrial Strategy103
The House for the New Way of Life103
Soviet Motherhood104
Housewives' Factories in Cuba and China105
Modifying Peirce's Neighborhood Strategy108
Service Houses, Collective Houses, and Cooperative Quadrangles110
Apartment Hotels114
Cash or Community?114
Family Allowances and Wages for Housework115
Trade-A-Maid117
Niche117
Complexity118
5.Economics: Getting and Spending121
Paid and Unpaid Work122
GNP as Measurement125
Economic Equity for Women127
Transportation: Women's Journeys versus Men's128
Housing Construction and Jobs131
Sweat Equity for Tenants132
Jobs on Site in Housing for Single Parents134
The Women's Development Corporation137
Counting with Women in Mind138
6.Architecture: Roof, Fire, and Center141
Three Models of Home Translated into Built Form143
The Haven Strategy: The Single-Family House as Primitive Sacred Hut145
Eclectic Styles147
Electrification148
Manufactured Housing152
High-Priced, High-Tech, and High-Culture Huts153
Telecommuting from the Haven155
The Industrial Strategy: Mass Housing as Machine156
Panopticons, Parallellograms, and Phalanxes157
Social Housing157
Support Structures162
Social Engineering164
Dynamite167
The Neighborhood Strategy: The Cloister and the Village170
The Academical Village171
Quadrangles in the Garden Cities172
Courtyards and Greens174
Cohousing177
Transitional Housing181
New Densities for the Twenty-first Century182
Campaigns for Affordable Housing185
The Charter of the New Urbanism185
European Charter for Women in the City187
Construction or Reconstruction?188
Part III.Rethinking Public Life191
7.Reconstructing Domestic Space193
The Builders' Approach--Greenfield Construction195
Alternative Approaches of Infill and Reconstruction197
Accessory Apartments in Single-Family Neighborhoods199
The Constituency for Accessory Apartments201
Reorganizing the Dream Houses204
Relandscaping the Dream Neighborhoods206
Homeownership in Limited-Equity Cooperatives211
Public Housing: Making It More Like Home213
Housing on Congregate Models for the Elderly, Singles, and Families216
An Inn for the Elderly in New England216
Congregate Housing Designed for Privacy and Community217
Rehabilitation for Singles and Small Households220
Implementing Change in the Built Environment: Taking the Long View222
8.Domesticating Urban Space225
The Freedom of the City for Women227
Public Space for Parents230
Greenlights and Safehouses231
Rape Prevention, Public Transportation, and Women's Safety232
Advertisements, Pronography, and Public Space233
9.Beyond the Architecture of Gender239
Reuniting Home and Work, Suburb and City240
Urbanism: Making Economic, Social, and Architectural Ideas Work Together242
The City of Women's Equality242
Notes247
Selected Bibliography269
Index279

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Redesigning the American Dream: Gender,Housing,and Family Life 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
chellerystick on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This was an interesting book to have read. I enjoyed how she brought together the various anecdotes and statistics throughout the 20th century. I also enjoyed all of the building and neighborhood layouts.However, I felt that this book expected to be preaching to the choir. Her main thesis was that smaller village-like mixed-use communities, with production, consumption, and habitation areas close together, would allow women more freedom in their lives. Although it traced patterns of the "industrial," "haven," and "neighborhood" housing strategies, I did not feel that it made a nod towards arguing that these cover all of the relevant territory (I'm not quite convinced on this), that they are that closely linked to gender/family structure stereotypes (this I happen to buy), and that they are not as strongly related to class and race/nationality considerations (this I doubt). Neither did she give more than short-term anecdotal evidence of the effectiveness of neighborhood housing; it would have been good to provide some triangulation. I realize that not many experimental communities of this type have survived long-term (due to political pressures), but it would be wise to acknowledge that these communities may be successful due to self-selection, the short terms of many of the systems, the excitement surrounding new ventures, etc., and shore up the potential of the strategies with other supporting theories, models, and findings. For example, the fact that people living in mixed-use neighborhoods tend to be more healthy due to walking suggests that people will take advantage of these services and have the potential to be involved in a community. In this way she tends to come across as writing too much for a civic planning audience, one that already has experiences to revisit in light of her framework, rather than for laypeople, who have much thinner experience. Her writing style, on the other hand, is clear and unambiguous to this layperson.Important and recommended, but supplementation would be good.