Reform Catholicism and the International Suppression of the Jesuits in Enlightenment Europe

Reform Catholicism and the International Suppression of the Jesuits in Enlightenment Europe

by Dale K. Van Kley


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An investigation into the role of Reform Catholicism in the international suppression of the Jesuits in 1773​

The Jesuits devoted themselves to preaching the word of God, administering the sacraments, and spreading the faith by missions in both Europe and newly discovered lands abroad. But, in 1773, under intense pressure from the monarchs of Europe, the papacy suppressed the Society of Jesus, an act that reverberated from Europe to the Americas and Southeast Asia. In this scholarly history, Dale Van Kley argues that Reform Catholicism, not a secular Enlightenment, provided the justification for Catholic kings to suppress a society instituted by the papacy. Spanning the years from the mid‑sixteenth century to the onset of the French Revolution, and the Jesuit presence from China to Brazil, this is the only single volume in English to make coherent sense of the series of expulsions that add up to what was arguably the most important religious event in Europe of the time, resulting in the secularization of tens of thousands of Jesuits.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300228465
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 06/19/2018
Pages: 384
Sales rank: 966,010
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Dale K. Van Kley, who taught at Calvin College until 1998, is professor emeritus of early modern European history at the Ohio State University.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Introduction 1

Part I The Place Of Anti-Jesuitism In Reform Catholicism

1 From the Catholic Enlightenment to Reform Catholicism, 1540-1759 13

2 The Genesis and Trajectory of Anti-Jesuitism, 1554-1761 58

Part II The Expulsions And Suppressions Of The Jesuits

3 The Case of France, 1758-1764 109

4 Portugal and Spain, 1754-1767 151

5 Naples, Parma, and the Bourbon Family Pact, 1767-1773 196

Part III Reform Catholicism And The Ultramontanist International

6 The End of the Jesuits and the Polarization of Catholic Europe, 1773-1791 243

Afterword as Fast-Forward 287

Notes 295

Index 351

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