Reformulation and Acquisition of Linguistic Complexity: Crosslinguistic Perspective

Reformulation and Acquisition of Linguistic Complexity: Crosslinguistic Perspective

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Overview

Reformulation and Acquisition of Linguistic Complexity proposes a new answer to the question of the appropriation or acquisition of a mother tongue – a complex object, one that is both stable and perpetually evolving. This answer is based on the reformulating principle that children spontaneously apply; a principle that is illustrated here with children retelling the same story. These children are all 6, 8 or 10 years old and speak French, Italian, Croatian or Polish as a first language.

This book demonstrates that the acquisition of any mother tongue is explained by the application of various reformulation procedures between source predications and reformulated predications. These procedures are comparable from one language to another, and different from one age group to another. This book also studies certain complex phenomena at the lexical and syntactical levels, and analyzes how children, depending on their age, treat these phenomena. Finally, we show that the acquisition of a mother tongue is a fundamentally linguistic activity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781119597209
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 03/07/2019
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 400
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Claire Martinot is Professor of Linguistics at Paris-Sorbonne University, France.

Tomislava Bošnjak Botica is a Full Member of the Institute of the Croatian Language and Linguistics of Zagreb, Croatia.

Sonia Gerolimich is Lecturer of the French Language at the University of Udine, Italy.

Urszula Paprocka-Piotrowska is Professor of Acquisition and Didactics of Languages at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Claire MARTINOT

Chapter 1. Why Must We Search for a New Explanation for the Acquisition of a Mother Tongue? 1
Claire MARTINOT

1.1. A child’s transformation of the source language: a necessary passage 1

1.2. From transformation to reformulation 6

1.3. Reformulation procedures 7

1.3.1. List of reformulation procedures 9

1.3.2. Characterization of reformulation procedures 11

1.3.3. Applying the analytical tools to an example 23

1.4. Treating complexity 25

1.5. Conclusion 27

Chapter 2. Describing the Experimental Investigation 29
Tomislava BOŠNJAK BOTICA, Jelena KUVAČ KRALJEVIĆ and Kristina VUJNOVIĆ MALIVUK

2.1. Choosing the investigation 29

2.2. Source text 32

2.3. Progress of the investigation 38

Chapter 3. Reformulation Procedures in French 43
Claire MARTINOT

3.1. Preamble about the organization of Chapters 3 to 6 43

3.2. Analyzing sequence 1 45

3.2.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 46

3.2.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 48

3.3. Analysis of sequence 4 59

3.3.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 61

3.3.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 62

3.4. Analysis of sequence 6 70

3.4.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 72

3.4.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 74

3.5. Analysis of sequence 11 84

3.5.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 85

3.5.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 86

3.6. General evaluation of reformulation procedures for the four sequences 92

3.7. Treating the complexity in the four sequences 93

3.7.1. Reformulating complex verbs from sequences 4, 6 and 11 94

3.7.2. Reformulating complex predications 105

3.8. General conclusion (French) 119

3.8.1. Reformulation procedures (conclusion) 119

3.8.2. Treating lexical complexity of verbs (conclusion) 122

3.8.3. Reformulating complex predications (conclusion) 124

Chapter 4. Reformulation Procedures in Italian 127
Sonia GEROLIMICH and Cristina CASTELLANI

4.1. Introduction 127

4.2. Analyzing sequence 1 128

4.2.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 129

4.2.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 131

4.3. Analyzing sequence 4 141

4.3.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 142

4.3.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 144

4.4. Analysis of sequence 6 154

4.4.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 155

4.4.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 157

4.5. Analysis of sequence 11 167

4.5.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 168

4.5.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 169

4.6. Overall results of reformulation procedures for the four sequences 177

4.7. Treatment of complexity in the four sequences 178

4.7.1. Reformulations of the complex verbs in sequences 4, 6 and 11 178

4.7.2. Reformulation of complex predications 192

4.8. Overall conclusion (Italian) 205

4.8.1. Reformulation procedures (conclusion) 205

4.8.2. Treatment of the lexical complexity of verbs (conclusion) 207

4.8.3. Reformulation of complex predications (conclusion) 209

Chapter 5. Reformulation Procedures in Croatian 211
Tomislava BOŠNJAK BOTICA, Jelena KUVAČ KRALJEVIĆ and Kristina VUJNOVIĆ MALIVUK

5.1. Introduction 211

5.2. Analyzing sequence 1 212

5.2.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 213

5.2.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 216

5.3. Analyzing sequence 4 224

5.3.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 225

5.3.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 226

5.4. Analyzing sequence 6 236

5.4.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 237

5.4.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 238

5.5. Analyzing sequence 11 247

5.5.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 248

5.5.2. Qualitative analysis of the reformulation procedures 249

5.6. General results of reformulation procedures for the four sequences 255

5.7. Addressing complexity in the four sequences 256

5.7.1. Reformulations of complex verbs in sequences 4, 6 and 11 257

5.7.2. Reformulation of complex predications 265

5.8. Overall conclusion (Croatian) 276

5.8.1. Reformulation procedures (conclusion) 276

5.8.2. Handling the lexical complexity of verbs (conclusion) 279

5.8.3. Reformulation of the complex predications (conclusion) 281

Chapter 6. Reformulation Procedures in Polish 283
Urszula PAPROCKA-PIOTROWSKA, Katarzyna KARPIŃSKA-SZAJ and Bernadeta WOJCIECHOWSKA

6.1. Introduction 283

6.2. Analyzing sequence 1 283

6.2.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 284

6.2.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 287

6.3. Analyzing sequence 4 295

6.3.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 296

6.3.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 298

6.4. Analyzing sequence 6 307

6.4.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 308

6.4.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 310

6.5. Analyzing sequence 11 324

6.5.1. Quantitative analysis of reformulation procedures 325

6.5.2. Qualitative analysis of reformulation procedures 326

6.6. General results of reformulation procedures for the four sequences 332

6.7. Addressing complexity in the four sequences 334

6.7.1. Reformulations of the complex verbs in sequences 4, 6 and 11 334

6.7.2. Reformulation of complex predications 344

6.8. Overall conclusion (Polish) 356

6.8.1. Reformulation procedures (conclusion) 356

6.8.2. Treatment of the lexical complexity of verbs (conclusion) 360

6.8.3. Reformulation of complex predications (conclusion) 361

Chapter 7. Comparing Languages in the Process of Acquisition 363
Claire MARTINOT, Sonia GEROLIMICH, Tomislava BOŠNJAK BOTICA and Urszula PAPROCKA-PIOTROWSKA

7.1. Can languages be compared? 363

7.1.1. The differences between two predications can be compared 363

7.1.2. Development of procedures to characterize the difference between two predications: overview 364

7.2. Comparison of results 366

7.2.1. Comparison of the linguistic positions of participants 366

7.2.2. Comparison of reformulation procedures 367

7.2.3. Comparison of the treatment of lexical complexity 371

7.2.4. Comparison of the treatment of predicative complexity 372

References 375

List of Authors 381

Index 383

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