This volume introduces the reader to an important set of newcomers to America. Two overview chapters introduce the U.S. refugee program and the general patterns in resettlement and adaptation. The chapters cover the origins of the program, its development through successive waves of refugees and layers of legislation, the life experiences that refugees bring with them, the problems they must confront, and the ways they rebuild their lives. The heart of the book, however, is Part II, which provides chapters on the largest groups of refugees who have resettled since World War II. Each chapter examines the cultural and social context from which the refugees came, traces their initial and long-term encounters with American society, and assesses their future prospects.
The refugee groups covered include Afghans, ethnic Chinese from Southeast Asia, Cubans, Eastern European refugees, Ethiopians and Eritreans, Haitians, Hmong, Iranians, Khmer, Lao, Soviet Jews, and Vietnamese. The final section of the book provides additional comparative documentation on the refugee experience. Separate chapters review the major federal agency statistics, examine public attitudes toward refugees, and outline the broader global refugee problem. The book concludes with a review of film documentaries on refugee adaptation and an annotated bibliography introducing the extensive information now available on refugees in the United States.
About the Author
DAVID W. HAINES who has a Ph.D. in social anthropology, has taught at the undergraduate and graduate level and has served as a research and policy analyst for the federal refugee program./e He is the editor of Refugees in the United States (Greenwood, 1985) and Refugees as Immigrants: Cambodians, Laotians, and Vietnamese in America (1989). He is currently a senior manager in state government and an advisory board member to the refugee and immigration services program of the Catholic Diocese of Richmond.
Table of Contents
Refugee Resettlement in the United States by Philip A. Holman
Patterns in Refugee Resettlement and Adaptation by David W. Haines
Afghans by Juliene G. Lipson and Patricia A. Omidian
Chinese from Southeast Asia by John K. Whitmore
Cubans by Joseph Coleman
Eastern Europeans by Elzbieta M. Gozdziak
Ethiopians and Eritreans by Tekle M. Woldemikael
Haitians by Frederick J. Conway and Susan Buchanan Stafford
Hmong by Timothy Dunnigan, Douglas P. Olney, Miles A. McNall, and Marline A. Spring
Iranians by Mehdi Bozorgmehr
Khmer by Carol A. Mortland
Lao by Pamela A. DeVoe
Soviet Jews by Steven J. Gold
Vietnamese by Nguyen Manh Hung and David W. Haines
The Origins and Initial Resettlement Patterns of Refugees in the United States by Linda W. Gordon
Public and Political Opinion on the Admission of Refugees by Rita J. Simon
Hardening the Heart: The Global Refugee Problem in the 1990s by Bill Frelick
Documentary Films about Refugees by Beatrice Nied Hackett
An Annotated Introduction to the Literature by David W. Haines