Religion in an Expanding Europe / Edition 1

Religion in an Expanding Europe / Edition 1

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Cambridge University Press

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Religion in an Expanding Europe / Edition 1

With political controversies raging over issues such as the wearing of headscarves in schools and the mention of Christianity in the European Constitution, religious issues are of growing importance in European politics. In this volume, Byrnes and Katzenstein analyze the effect that enlargement to countries with different and stronger religious traditions may have on the EU as a whole, and in particular on its homogeneity and assumed secular nature. Looking through the lens of the transnational religious communities of Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Islam, they argue that religious factors are stumbling blocks rather than stepping stones toward the further integration of Europe. All three religious traditions are advancing notions of European identity and European union that differ substantially from how the European integration process is generally understood by political leaders and scholars. This fascinating collection of papers makes an important addition to the fields of European politics, political sociology, and the sociology of religion.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780521676519
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 01/31/2006
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 362
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors     vii
Preface     viii
Multiple modernities as limits to secular Europeanization?   Peter J. Katzenstein     1
European settings
Faith, freedom, and federation: the role of religious ideas and institutions in European political convergence   Daniel Philpott   Timothy Samuel Shah     34
Religion, European secular identities, and European integration   Jose Casanova     65
The old Church and the new Europe: charting the changes   J. Bryan Hehir     93
Thy will be done: the Catholic Church and politics in Poland since 1989   Sabrina P. Ramet     117
The way we were - and should be again? European Orthodox Churches and the "idyllic past"   Sabrina P. Ramet     148
The politics of ambivalence: Europeanization and the Serbian Orthodox Church   Vjekoslav Perica     176
Europeanizing Islam or the Islamization of Europe: political democracy vs. cultural difference   Bassam Tibi     204
Islam and Europeanization in Turkish-Muslim socio-political movements   M. Hakan Yavuz     225
Religion, European identity, and political contention in historical perspective   Daniel Nexon     256
Transnational religion and Europeanization   Timothy A. Byrnes     283
References     306
Index     337

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With controversies over the wearing of headscarves in schools and the place of Christianity in the EU Constitution, religious issues are, unfortunately, of growing importance in Europe. The contributors to this volume - eight US professors, one Catholic priest from Boston USA, one Norwegian and one German professor ¿ look at the impact of Europe¿s various religions. The studies of Roman Catholicism, the Orthodox Church and Islam are by people with some experience of what they are writing about, who live in Europe¿s different nations, and so are more interesting than the generalising overviews. Enlargement has included countries with strong religious traditions - Catholic Poland and Lithuania, Orthodox Greece and possibly in future Muslim Turkey - feeding rather than reducing religion¿s sway in the EU. The contributors argue that religions are stumbling blocks rather than stepping stones toward the further integration of Europe and that enlargement could impede further EU integration. It could even capsize the whole unwieldy structure. Roman Catholicism, the Orthodox Church and Islam are all advancing notions of Europe at odds with those of other Europeans. They are transnational religions, wanting to dictate their rules to the whole of society. Pope John Paul II wanted the EU¿s integration of Eastern Europe to re-evangelise Western Europe, seeing Poland¿s entry into the EU as `a great apostolic assignment¿. Islamic fundamentalists want a political Islam that would override Western society. Their doctrine of hijra obliges migrants as believers to proselytise and their legal system ¿ sharia ¿ is not compatible with secularism. As the EU¿s power grows so does the Catholic Church¿s influence: witness the ever-higher profile of the reactionary old bigot Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O¿Connor. The Pope is canonising the EU¿s founders as saints: the EU is increasingly a new Holy Roman Empire. Britain is far more secular than the EU: the British working class long ago tamed the Church, made government secular, and kept cardinals out of public life. It looks like we need to do so again.