Despite Russia’s religiously diverse population and the strong connection between the Russian state and the Orthodox Church, the problem of religious freedom has been a driving force in the country’s history. This volume gathers leading scholars to provide an extensive exploration of the evolution, experience, and contested meanings of religious freedom in Russia from the early modern period to the present, with a particular focus on the nineteenth century. Addressing different spiritual traditions, clerics and revolutionaries, ideas and lived experience, Religious Freedom in Modern Russia explores the various meanings that religious freedom, toleration, and freedom of conscience had in Russia among nonstate actors.
About the Author
Randall A. Poole is professor of history at the College of St. Scholastica in Duluth, Minnesota, and a fellow of the Center for the Study of Law and Religion at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.
Paul W. Werth is professor of history at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction: Faith, Freedom, and the Varieties of Russian Religious Experience Randall A. Poole 1
Chapter 2 Religious Toleration in Russian Thought, 1520-1825 G. M. Hamburg 44
Chapter 3 Freedom of Conscience in the Clerical Imagination of Russian Orthodox Thought, 1801-1865 Patrick Lally Michelson 81
Chapter 4 Freedom of Conscience, Freedom of Confession, and "Land and Freedom" in the 1860s Victoria Frede 104
Chapter 5 The Modern Martyrs of Russia: International Interest in Evangelical Christians and Religious Freedom in Late Imperial Russia Heather J. Coleman 121
Chapter 6 Missionaries of Official Orthodoxy: Agents of State Religion in Late Imperial Russia Daniel Scarborough 142
Chapter 7 Designs for Dâr al-Islâm: Religious Freedom and the Emergence of a Muslim Public Sphere, 1905-1916 Norihiro Naganawa 160
Chapter 8 Religious Freedom, the Religious Market, and Spiritual Entrepreneurship in Russia after 1997 J. Eugene Clay 182