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Replacing Animal Models: A Practical Guide to Creating and Using Culture-based Biomimetic Alternatives / Edition 1

Replacing Animal Models: A Practical Guide to Creating and Using Culture-based Biomimetic Alternatives / Edition 1

by Jamie Davies


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Replacing Animal Models: A Practical Guide to Creating and Using Culture-based Biomimetic Alternatives / Edition 1

Over the last decade, in vitro models have become moresophisticated and are at a stage where they can provide aneffective alternative to in vivo experiments. Replacing AnimalModels provides scientists and technicians with a practical,integrated guide to developing culture-based alternatives to invivo experiments.

The book is neither political nor polemical: it is technical,illustrating by example how alternatives can be developed and usedand providing useful advice on developing others. After looking atthe reasons for and potential benefits of alternatives to animalexperiments, the book covers a range of methods and examplesemphasising the design considerations that went into each system.The chapters also include 'case studies' that illustrate the waysin which culture models can be used to answer a range of importantbiological questions of direct relevance to human development,physiology, disease and healing.

The thesis of this book is not that all animal experimentationcan be replaced, now or in the near future, by equally effective orsuperior alternatives. Rather, the premise is that there issubstantial opportunity, here and now, to do some common types ofexperiment better in vitro than in vivo, and that doing so willresult in both scientific and ethical gains.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470974254
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 05/08/2012
Pages: 214
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 9.70(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Professor Jamie A. Davies, Centre for Integrative Physiology, Hugh Robson Building, George Square, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.

Table of Contents

Contributors, vii

Preface, xi

Section 1 Introductory Material

1 Potential Advantages of Using Biomimetic Alternatives, 3
Jamie Davies

2 Overview of Biomimetic Alternatives, 13
Jamie Davies

Section 2 Culture Methods

3 Pancreatic Islets, 23
Eli C Lewis

4 Endometrial Organoid Culture, 35
Merja Blauer

5 Modelling Lymphatic and Blood Capillary Patterning, 45
Francoise Bruyere, Catherine Maillard, Charlotte Erpicum andAgnes Noel

6 Precision-cut Lung Slices (PCLS), 57
Christian Martin and Stefan Uhlig

7 Human Colon Tissue in Organ Culture, 69
Michael K Dame and James Varani

8 Fetal Organ Culture, 81
Jamie Davies

9 Design of a Mechanical Loading Device to Culture Intact BovineSpinal Motion Segments under Multiaxial Motion, 89
Jochen Walser, Stephen John Ferguson and BenjaminGantenbein-Ritter

10 Magnetic Assembly of Tissue Surrogates, 107
Chien-Yu Fu and Hwan-You Chang

11 Assembly of Renal Tissues by Cellular Self-organization,115
Mathieu Unbekandt

Section 3 Case Studies of Use

12 Hierarchical Screening of Pathways: Using Cell and OrganCultures to Reduce use of Transgenic Mice, 125
Guangping Tai and Jamie Davies

13 Lung Organoid Culture to Study Responses to Viruses,137
Wenxin Wu, J Leland Booth and Jordan P Metcalf

14 Organ-cultured Human Skin for the Study of Epithelial CellInvasion of Stroma, 151
James Varani

15 Organotypic Mandibular Cultures for the Study of InflammatoryBone Pathology, 159
Alastair J Sloan, Sarah Y Taylor and Emma L Smith

16 Three-dimensional, High-density and Tissue Engineered CultureModels of Articular Cartilage, 167
Ali Mobasheri, Sara Kelly, Abigail L. Clutterbuck, ConstanzeBuhrmann and Mehdi Shakibaei

17 Concluding Remarks, 193
Jamie Davies

Appendix 1 Sources of funding for development ofculture-based alternatives, 195

Appendix 2 Databases and web-based discussions relevantto development of alternatives, 197

Index, 199

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