A stunning first novel that is an evocative reimagining of a World War II civilian disaster
On a March night in 1943, on the steps of a London Tube station, 173 people die in a crowd seeking shelter from what seemed to be another air raid. When the devastated neighborhood demands an inquiry, the job falls to magistrate Laurence Dunne.
In this beautifully crafted novel, Jessica Francis Kane paints a vivid portrait of London at war. As Dunne investigates, he finds the truth to be precarious, even damaging. When he is forced to reflect on his report several decades later, he must consider whether the course he chose was the right one. The Report is a provocative commentary on the way all tragedies are remembered and endured.
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About the Author
Jessica Francis Kane is the author of the story collection Bending Heaven. Her stories have been broadcast on BBC radio and have appeared in a many publications, including Virginia Quarterly Review, McSweeney's, the Missouri Review, and Michigan Quarterly Review. Her essays and humor pieces have appeared in McSweeney's Internet Tendency and The Morning News.org, where she is a contributing writer. She lives in New York with her husband and their two children.
Read an Excerpt
By Jessica Francis Kane, Gabriela Salazar
Graywolf PressCopyright © 2010 Jessica Francis Kane
All rights reserved.
When the cinema went dark, the audience stirred to life. People leaned toward the shapes in the seats next to them. "What happened?" they asked. "Did you see?"
The film stars had been arguing, a humorous disagreement because they didn't know they were in love. The heroine was feisty, a popular word of the time, 1943, though the people of London were exhausted, grimy, numb. Clean and feisty existed only in American movies; that's why they were adored and why the Museum Cinema that night in Bethnal Green was full. People were standing along the walls and sitting cross-legged in the aisles.
The hero of the film had just turned and lifted his hands. There had been some kind of movement. Did he cup her face? Put his hands in her hair?
"Did you see?"
Several boys switched on torches, and when the voices began to subside, the cinema manager, walking up to the stage, said the usual bit: the alert had sounded; if you wish to leave, please do so quietly.
Someone in front shouted, "Never mind! Put the film back on!"
The manager sighed. Four films had shown through the previous night after a large portion of the audience refused to leave. He stared a moment, remembering the fish-and-chip mess he'd faced in the cinema that morning and the puffy, sleepless face of his youngest projectionist. Tonight he wanted the crowd to go.
"If you wish to leave, please do so quietly," he said again.
The audience stayed, the torchlight settled. There wasn't much incentive to go. The cinemas were fairly good shelters and the dark wasn't a problem; they'd all been living under the rules of blackout for years. Their homes, behind boarded windows, could be oppressive, but the darkness of the streets or shelters or cinemas, especially on the night of a raid, was a world they understood. When the ice cream vendor opened the back door, however, which let in the siren's wail, people began to move.
It had been a beautiful afternoon, though later no one would remember that. A football match in the Museum Gardens had drawn a large crowd, and when the young borough engineer won the game with an impossible header, people heard the cheer in Stepney. Afterward a group gathered outside the pub on Russia Lane (affectionately known as the Plots & Pints because of the neighboring cemetery). The air felt thinner, cleaner, partly because it was — a six-week break in the raids had given the dust and smoke of broken, smoldering buildings time to clear — and partly because the sun was making a rare appearance, polishing the winter-weary houses and trees.
Ada covered her ears before the siren could reach its peak. All afternoon in her grocery the women had talked about Monday's bombing of Berlin. The heaviest air raid so far, they said. So many bombs, German farmers saw the fires a hundred miles away. Tonight seemed to them a likely time for the enemy's response, but Ada prayed they were wrong.
She lowered her hands, aware that her girls were watching her. Tilly, eight, had dark half-moons beneath her eyes. Emma, nearly four, had lost weight. Neither girl looked well, even though half an hour before blackout, she'd taken them out to breathe the fresh tar fumes on the new portion of Jersey Street. All the mothers were talking of the reprisal, of what the new high explosives could do. Before dinner Ada put two jumpers in her bag and the extra blanket by the front door. The new bombs, the women said, would leave less time to get to the shelter.
Tilly spoke first. "We better go."
Ada hurried them from the table and helped them into their winter coats. She pulled Tilly's collar close to her neck, and Tilly winced. "I just want you to stay warm," Ada said.
"I'll try to get us something at the canteen," Ada offered, and the girls glanced at each other. That meant she had money, and if she had money, they might be able to get a bunk. They weren't registered for one, but sometimes that didn't matter, depending on the wardens. It was much better to have a bunk in the tunnel than a mat on the platform or tracks.
"Can we bring something to eat and get a bunk instead?" Tilly asked.
"You've just finished dinner!" Ada knew it hadn't been much. She'd served broth and fried potatoes, nothing else, for the third night in a row. She planned to surprise them, though, when they got to the shelter. She had two pieces of chocolate in her pocket. "Now go!"
"We'll play checkers," Tilly whispered to Emma as they went out. She rubbed her sister's hand.
"Can I be red?"
"Of course." Tilly squeezed her. "And if we get a bunk, you can have the pillow."
Emma was impressed. Her sister had let her have the red checkers last time, too, and so she solemnly promised to let Tilly have the pillow.
As Ada locked the door, the girls waited behind her; then the three joined the stream of people pouring out of the tenements that formed the low and boxy skyline of the borough. Ada had moved to Jersey Street when she married, but she and her husband, Robby, like many young couples in Bethnal Green, had grown up only a few streets away. They lived in a row of Victorian terrace houses chopped up into tiny three-room flats — kitchen, living room, bedroom — two flats upstairs, two downstairs. Their stove and toilet were on the landing, shared only with Mr. Levin, across the hall. On the ground floor they kept a greengrocer's, Barber's. "Proof you can escape your name," Robby often joked.
Ada looked down the street, which was quickly growing more crowded. She wondered if Robby would come for them or if he would head straight to the shelter from the Plots & Pints. Several pale faces bobbed forward against the dark tide.
"Your father will meet us there," Ada said brightly, hoping Robby wouldn't have had too much to drink.
"We should have set out sooner," Tilly said, scanning the crowd. "There are a lot of people tonight, Mum."
Emma started to cry, and Ada picked her up. "Don't pay any attention," she said. "We're fine. Let's count the faces. Do you want to?"
"No," Tilly said.
"How?" asked Emma.
"See how bright they look in the dusk, with everyone else walking the other way? A little ghostly. We could count them."
Nothing about this reassured the girls, and Ada gave up. They liked to be quiet, and she knew she often tried too hard to distract them with games and stories. She was never at her best when she was out alone with them. Before Emma was born she'd managed all right, but her mother urged her to have another baby. Two hands, two sides, two children, she'd said. Ada wasn't convinced, and when Emma was born, she'd felt the strain immediately. It's just the time, people told her, 1939, war just declared. Then her mother died, and Ada was overwhelmed with the business of running the shop and caring for two children. Tilly was an enormous help, but Ada worried she relied on her too much.
"Mum," Tilly said. "Your slippers?"
Ada looked down and saw that she was walking in her slippers. She forced herself to laugh. "I'll be more comfortable in the shelter. Next time you'll be begging to bring yours."
Ada was glad to see Tilly smile. When was the last time Tilly had laughed? Ada couldn't remember. When she thought of Tilly, the first image that came to mind was a frown of concentration. She touched her daughter's shoulder. "You have slippers, don't you?"
Tilly shook her head. "They're too small."
At the corner of Jersey Street and the Bethnal Green Road, Ada spotted Martin Henderson speaking to a group of boys. It was a comfort to see a constable, and Ada put Emma down and called his name. Martin acknowledged her but was preoccupied with the boys, all of whom were holding torches, one of them lit, a blackout violation.
"Look," Ada said, "it's Constable Henderson. Everything's going to be fine."
She waved as she passed, and Emma, taking her mother's hand on one side, her sister's on the other, blinked away her tears.
The crowd from the cinema filed out slowly along the smudged red carpet, and it seemed to Bertram Lodge, at the end of a row and alone, that everyone was holding hands, touching shoulders, whispering. Twenty-two years old, Bertram was a clerk in the town hall and not at the war front because of his flat feet. He lived in a small place on St. Jude's Road with Clare Newbury, an artist and a nurse, who had gone ahead to the shelter to sketch. Thinking he might join her there now, he stood up and concentrated on the shoes of the girl in front of him, a sleepy girl who kept leaning into the shoulder of a blond boy so that she could lift and twirl her foot whenever the crowd halted. The soles of her shoes were lime green, beautiful and astonishing. How was it that the government forbade the making of trousers with cuffs or pockets or buttons, yet the soles of shoes could be this color? Bertram thought it must have something to do with surpluses.
They moved into the damaged, dingy lobby, past the gold-painted ticket stall, already abandoned (the proprietor notoriously nervous), and out the doors onto Cambridge Heath Road. Everyone knew it was Cambridge Heath, though the street sign had been removed at the start of the war, just as everyone knew, despite the ban on weather reports, that it had rained during the film. The pavement was damp. The sky was clear again now, as it had been most of the day, and the Thames was at low ebb. At the beginning of the war, they would look up, searching for planes, delighted to see stars. Now they understood that a clear night with a full moon was dangerous, and they were quiet.
It was a Wednesday, so birds and flowers had been for sale that morning in the stalls along the Bethnal Green Road. Brisk business pleased the merchants, but many customers wanted to know when the violets and daffodils would arrive. The merchants shook their heads and referred them to the home secretary, Herbert S. Morrison, the only person in England who could lift the ban on flower transport by rail. Until he did so, the majority of the spring flowers would remain hostage in Wales.
Nevertheless, the Times and the Daily Herald had run their usual chipper beginning-of-the-month stories that morning, various bright predictions and tallies: pastels popular for spring (dusty pink and leaf green), seventy-eight hours of sunshine last month, and 252 Londoners killed or missing in enemy raids. This monthly total was lower than usual, and yet the numbers had become nearly meaningless, everyone simply marking them as more or less in order to endure the truth.
"Boys," Constable Henderson began severely. The boys froze. Henderson reached down and took the lit torch. He switched it off, then stood, feet apart, slapping the end of it in his palm.
The stance seemed ominous, but if the boys had observed more closely, they might have noticed the sag in Henderson's shoulders, the extra weight around his middle, the puffiness under his eyes, and they would have realized they had little to fear. Henderson was tired, not yet ready for his evening patrol, and feeling grim about the night's probable direction. According to protocol he was due at the shelter entrance as soon as possible after the alert, but he felt he should give the boys a lecture and was summoning the strength. Many evacuated children had recently returned to the area, yet most of the schools were closed. Reports of petty crimes were on the rise; a looting gang was working in the area. And then there were the refugees, groups of quiet people who seemed to wait for something no one could give them. What had started slowly before the war — a few children here, a family there — had accelerated. Now places where his friends had once congregated or shopped were often full of strangers. Everyone said they needed time, they'd suffered horribly. Thus it had become customary to help the refugees while expecting them to change soon, an unsatisfactory arrangement for all. It made Henderson rub his forehead. Someone needed to start cracking down, he thought, and so he delayed his arrival at the shelter to speak to the boys.
The young clerk Bertram followed the quick licks of green in front of him, wondering if Clare would like a pair of shoes like that. He had just bought her a new sketchbook, but as he was always giving her those, it didn't feel like a proper present. She'd been drawing when they met, in the Museum Gardens at the beginning of the war. Her posture and steady concentration had made him think she must be very talented. He walked behind her to see the scene from her perspective, and that was when he discovered two things: she drafted poorly, and the main object of her attention was not a tree, as he'd assumed, but a dead woman caught upside down in its branches. Blown there by one of the bombs the night before. Torn by shrapnel.
The sound that escaped him stopped her hand, and Clare looked up. Then they both turned back to the dead woman. Part of the scalp was dangling off, but her long blond hair glowed in the sun.
"Why are you drawing?" Bertram managed.
She told him that since the bombing had started, people had spent a lot of time saying "It's unimaginable," but she thought they meant "I hadn't imagined it before this."
Her blue eyes steady and dry, she said, "I will. I'll draw and remember and I won't be surprised again."
He nodded and sat down beside her until she finished.
Now Bertram turned left with everyone else toward the corner and the Bethnal Green Road. He smiled when he saw the petals and loose feathers the evening rain had pinned in the gutters and was happy for the company of the crowd. In spite of the siren, no one seemed rushed or worried.CHAPTER 2
The boy on the step had olive skin that blushed copper. When the door opened, he clenched his jaw, which he knew to be square and handsome. He didn't look English — he knew that too — but he prided himself on his nearly perfect Oxbridge accent.
"Sir Laurence," he said. "I'm Paul Barber. I wrote to you about the thirtieth anniversary of the Bethnal Green report?"
The man in the doorway stood firm.
"I hope you won't mind the effrontery. Just showing up on your doorstep."
"I believe it can be said I always mind effrontery."
Paul knew he was not a particularly good interviewer. His strengths as a filmmaker (if he could be said to have strengths, with only one produced film to his name), were in bringing the right people together and the framing of certain shots and sequences. But when Laurence Dunne had not responded to his letter about making a retrospective for the 1973 anniversary of the tragedy, Paul decided to take a chance and visit him. He feared his letter had not been very compelling, just some obvious points about history, the significance of the Bethnal Green report, the importance of recording the memories of the aging survivors. He'd assumed, actually, that Dunne would be eager to revisit the subject. The report was his best-known achievement, and so Paul had not anticipated having any trouble getting him to participate.
"Of course. I should have phoned."
Dunne looked over Paul's head and waved to someone on the street behind him. The gesture seemed designed to dismiss Paul, but Paul stood fast. He had a three-day leave from his job in London and was staying at a relatively cheap B and B in Stockbridge, where Dunne lived. He told himself he had time. He also had something to tell Dunne that he hadn't put in the letter. He studied Dunne's face and decided it would be best to wait until he knew the man better. Dunne had aged well: smooth skin, thick white hair. But the eyes gave him away. They were blurry, somehow older than the rest of him.
Dunne looked back at Paul and sighed. "Where are you from?"
He gave Paul an old magistrate's squint. "How old are you?"
Dunne considered a moment. "Old enough to make tea. Come in."CHAPTER 3
Ada passed Constable Henderson and kept on toward the shelter. She wanted the girls to speed up, but they were getting tired. She glanced around, more and more surprised at the number of people. The waistband of her skirt was pinching her side; her bag had slipped off her shoulder and was pulling her coat along with it. She walked faster, and the tiny bones of Emma's hand moved and cracked in hers. Emma didn't seem to mind, but Ada tried to hold her hand more loosely.
Excerpted from The Report by Jessica Francis Kane, Gabriela Salazar. Copyright © 2010 Jessica Francis Kane. Excerpted by permission of Graywolf Press.
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
This is the fictional story of the worst civilian disaster of World War II, which was the crush that occurred when residents of Bethnal Green were trying to get into the underground shelter when an air raid siren went off. 173 people died.The book follows the preparation of an official report by magistrate, Laurence Dunne. He was the real life author of the report, but the author has created a work of fiction around the tragedy by imagining the people that may have been affected.This is an excellent read. I read it in the space of a day and found it very interesting. The author fleshes out the story with some good characterisations and some twists and turns in the tale. I like books that mix fact and fiction, and this was a good example of that kind of book. Recommended if you like history, and 'factional' stories.
An exploration of a fascinating piece of forgotten London history featuring several beautifully-written passages. However, I couldn't help thinking that a factual report of the titular, er, report would have been more satisfying than this fictionalised account.
This novel is set in the East End of London during World War 11. The author has based her story around the tragedy that happened at the Bethnal Green shelter in 1943 when 173 people were crushed to death entering the shelter on a night when no bombs fell. Ater this tragedy an enquiry was called for and magistrate Laurence Dunne was asked to write the report. Laurence talked to the people in the community including the shelter wardens, the vicar who was trying to bring comfort to the grieving people in his community and the young mother who lost a child that night. But the more questions that he asked the more unclear the nights events seemed to be. Some truths did come out but then he was faced with a difficult decision. How much of what he has found out should he put in the report? How much of the truth can a grieving community stand to hear? Would the facts that he has discovered do more harm than good? Does laying blame help? It is only later when a young filmaker, who was himslef involved in the tragedy, comes to interview Laurence Dunne for a story thirty years after the event that the truth finally comes out. I enjoyed this book very much but I do not want to give away the twists in the story. I like books that weave stories around real events in our history. I felt the characters were believable and real and I could feel for them in their situation - the frustratons they felt trying to cope with a war that went on and on, and the food shortages that resulted, and the mistrust of the refugee Jews in their community. There was too the frustration and guilt that people felt after the event one example being the warden who changed a light bulb at the entrance to the shelter only to have it broken a short time later because the people thought it shed too much light even though the entrance was then dark. The guilt and responsiblity he felt were real. This is the authors first full length novel. I hope she will write more.
interesting time lines, poignant insights on motherhood
The story is Kane's fictional recreation of a, freak perhaps, accident that occurred in London in March 3rd, 1943. During one of the air raids by the Nazis, Londoners as usual walked or run to their assigned shelters- typically in a London metro underground station. But the accident in point happened at the Bethnal Green station where, for inexplicable reasons, there was a crush of people at the bottom of the first set of stairs going into the station. A huge pile up of people formed as the ones behind were pushing trying to get in the shelter. In total, at the end, 173 died of asphyxiation as bodies piled on top of bodies. Kane weaves an engrossing story focusing on a few central characters of her creation. I think the only real character she features is the magistrate, Sir Lawrence (Laurie) Dunne, who is assigned to carry on an inquiry. All others are fictional. Nonetheless, she writes a compelling story.
Very interesting novel based on a real event: the suffocation of 173 people (I think that's the right number) at a tube station in London during the Blitz.
The short of it: I really liked this one. It is well worth your reading time and incredibly, it's the author's first novel. If this is her first foray into the world of the historical novel, I can't wait for her next one. The long of it: Based on a true story, The Report is a novel centered on an event which happened on March 3, 1943 at the Bethnal Green Tube station, the local bomb shelter. Sir Laurence Dunne, the magistrate who wrote the report on the incident noted that ¿the stairway was converted from a corridor to a charnel house in ten to 15 seconds,¿ when one hundred seventy-three people died in a human crush on the stairs near the entrance to the shelter, asphyxiated to death. There were no bombs heading for or exploding in London, so how did this happen? The author, Jessica Frances Kane, has created a fictional account of that day and its aftermath in this splendid novel, which not only recreates this event, but asks some tough questions along the way that are in many ways still pertinent today.The story begins with the arrival of a young man who has been trying to arrange an interview with Dunne for a 30-year retrospective documentary on the Bethnal Green incident. It then moves backward in time and the major characters who are involved in the tragedy are introduced. These characters are all too real, making it easy for the reader to become deeply involved in the story on a very human level as events proceed up to March 3rd and then afterward. The way the author has written this novel also provides a glimpse of the wartime problems and frustrations of those at the London homefront ¿ the mistrust of refugees, the food shortages, the years of ongoing blackouts (one character remarked that her beloved baby sister had never even seen the moon in the night sky), the sheer endurance involved in trying to hold on until the war is over, etc., and the differences made simply based on where you lived in the city. As events are slowly revealed and unraveled, the characters become much more developed and come into their own and their motivations behind their actions also become clearer. They move on from that fateful night on to the aftermath, when individuals, families and the community are left to cope with their grief or other feelings about the tragedy, along with the progress of the inquiry led by Magistrate Dunne. Interspersed with the core story of the event, the story also moves in and out of the present of 1973, where people have definitely not forgotten, and where many of them are still dealing with the impact of this singular event, especially Dunne. The author became interested in the story when she discovered Tragedy at Bethnal Green, 1943: Report on an Inquiry into the Accident at Bethnal Green Tube Station Shelter (Uncovered Editions) at the British Library bookshop, and then went on to read the full transcript of the inquiry into the incident at the National Archives. She relates in the Author¿s Note at the end of the book that news of the terrible event was ¿kept secret for days¿ and that magistrate Laurence Dunne pursued an investigation, published a report, and then the government suppressed it until the war¿s end. The Report is (unbelievably) this writer¿s first novel and you would be hard pressed as a reader to read this book and not end up forming your own conclusions as to what really happened on that night. It draws you in from the start not only because of the subject matter, but also because it is beautifully constructed. I most definitely recommend this book ¿ and I hope it does well with readership. If you want to read a compelling work of historical fiction, this book is one that should not be missed.
I did not enjoy the book. Read 66 pages and stopped. More for a historian to read. Read it for a book club.
Jessica Francis Kane tells a very compelling story that draws a reader in from the first chapter. The book has many layers and stories revolving around a tragic event in wartime London and its aftermath. I read it through in one sitting. I could not put it down. I highly recommend it for book clubs.
I received this book through the First Reads giveaway program on Goodreads. This is the story of an accident that claimed the lives of one hundred seventy-three Londoners at the entrance to an air-raid shelter on the evening of March 3, 1943 and of how individuals, a community, and a government dealt with its aftermath. It is a novel based on an actual incident during World War II. Kane leads us to an understanding of the accident by following the conduct of the official inquiry into its causes and the preparation of a documentary on "The Report" of the inquiry thirty years afterward. In coming to this understanding, we also begin to see that events of a disastrous or catostrophic nature are seldom the result of a single cause and thus defy the justification of laying the blame at any one individual's or group's feet despite the desire of some to find who's ass to kick. The story also highlights the fact that, after such an incident, almost everyone involved wishes to hide some aspect of it - whether for selfish reasons or noble; whether for actual guilt or merely imagined. Despite the somewhat dark subject matter of the book, Kane's simple but direct prose makes the story very compelling. Her characters are portrayed at their best and their worst. The result is our beginning to wonder where on that spectrum we as individuals and a community would fall under similar circumstances.
Jessica Francis Kane writes an excellent story about a tragedy that took place in a London subway station used as an air raid shelter during the Nazi bombings of World War II, and its' lingering aftermath. One can even take note of the eerie parallels to recent historical events since 9/11; i.e. playing the blame game, perceived or real.