ISBN-10:
0954796640
ISBN-13:
9780954796648
Pub. Date:
Publisher:
Representing Women?: Female Legislators in West European Parliaments

Representing Women?: Female Legislators in West European Parliaments

by Mercedes Mateo Diaz

Paperback

$42.00
Choose Expedited Shipping at checkout for delivery by Monday, September 27

Overview

This work discusses questions on political participation, representation and legitimacy in the European Union national parliaments. Three major empirical questions structure the book: What affects women's presence in parliaments?, Does the number of women in parliament have an effect? And are women in parliament representing women? Empirical evidences show that institutional reforms need a 'minimal environment' in terms of socio-economic development so as to prove effective. As opposed to the critical mass theory, claiming that a few representatives cannot have an impact on the political outcomes, here the empirical evidences suggest that smaller groups can also influence the different components of the legislative process. The last part turns to the fundamental question of whether a parliament that is descriptively representative, i.e. in which the parliamentarians share certain characteristics with the voters, also is a substantively descriptive parliament, i.e. in which the parliamentarians mirror the voters' opinions.


Related collections and offers

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780954796648
Publisher: ECPR Press
Publication date: 04/01/2005
Series: ECPR Monographs Series
Pages: 292
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.61(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Mercedes Mateo Diaz is FNRS postdoctoral fellow at the University of Louvain (UCL-Belgium). She has been a postdoctoral Marie Curie Fellow at the Robert Schumann Center (European University Institute), where she previously held a Jean Monnet Fellowship. She was research fellow at the Inter-University Centre for Electoral and for Political Opinion Research (Belgium), and visiting researcher at the University of Göteborg granted by the TMR network Representation in Europe. She has made a number of significant contributions to edited works and to peer-reviewed journals such as Verfassungsexperiment - Europa auf dem Weg zu einer postnationalen Demokratie, edited by Liebert, U et al, LIT-Verlag; Le parachutage politique, edited by Dolez, B & Hastings, M, L'Harmattan; Revue Française de Science Politique, South European Society and Politics, Res Publica, Feminist Legal Studies, Opinião Pública, and Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée. She has also co-edited a collection of essays entitled The Future of Gender Equality in the European Union (with Susan Millns, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Table of Contents

contents
List of figures and tables xi
Abbreviations xv
GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1
Outline of the book 2
Comparative strategies 6
A comment on the data and methods 8
PART I: WHAT AFFECTS THE PRESENCE OF WOMEN IN
PARLIAMENT? 11
Introduction: Mechanisms for obtaining proportional representation in parliaments 11
Descriptive and/or substantive representation? 12
How should the problem of under-representation of women be solved? 18
Classifying the spectrum of institutional reforms 23
Chapter one: The temporal dimension of women's political participation 32
A short look at the history of women's movements 33
Women's rights on the agenda 35
Self-evident political disparities: an analysis over time 38
Chapter two: Macro-conditions affecting the presence of women in parliaments 50
The analysis building-blocks: variables and concepts 55
Structural conditions and women's political empowerment 63
What comes first: the chicken or the egg? 69
Chapter three: Enhancing the representation of women as a matter of specific institutional reforms 86
The Belgian law on quotas concerning the sex-composition of candidate lists 87
New legislation in Belgium and other EU member states 94
PART II: DOES THE NUMBER OF WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT
HAVE AN EFFECT? 109
Introduction: From rights to utility; arguments for women's presence in parliaments 109
Equality as a question of rights 113
Equality as a question of utility 116
A critical mass? 119
Empirical research on utility arguments 122
The strategy of analysis 124
Chapter four: Differences between female and male MPs: specialisation, policy areas and role orientations 128
Is there a gender structure in areas of specialisation? 128
Do women and men stand for different issues? 134
Who and what do women and men represent? 137
Conclusion 137
Chapter five: The perceived impact of a more gender-balanced parliament 140
Do more gender-balanced parliaments change institutions? 140
Do more gender-balanced parliaments change gender-equality policy? 147
Do more gender-balanced parliaments change the democratic system? 154
Conclusion 156
Chapter six: Insight into the gender gap: a critical mass effect? 158
The gender gap 159
Data, method and the attitudes under examination 160
Classification of the gender gap 163
Is a critical mass needed for women legislators to have an impact? 172
Acculturation and spillover effects 175
Conclusion 178
PART III: ARE WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT REPRESENTING WOMEN? 183
Representative governments and accountability 183
Part III's four hypotheses 187
Chapter seven: Is there a gender representation? Issue congruence among voters and representatives in EU Member States 189
Issue congruence between national parliaments and their electorates 189
Issue congruence between parties and voters 199
Conclusion 201
Chapter eight: Is there a gender representation? Issue congruence among voters and representatives in Sweden 1968-98 203
Issue congruence between the Riksdag and the electorate 204
Issue congruence between parties and voters 209
Conclusion 216
CONCLUSION 221
What affects the presence of women in parliament? 222
Does the number of women in parliament have an effect? 225
Are women in parliament representing women? 231
References and bibliography 237
Index 259

Customer Reviews