If Marxism was the apparent loser in the Cold War, it cannot be said that liberalism was the winner, at least not in Russia. Oleg Kharkhordin is not surprised that institutions of liberal democracy failed to take root following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In Republicanism in Russia, he suggests that Russians can find a path to freedom by looking instead to the classical tradition of republican self-government and civic engagement already familiar from their history.
Republicanism has had a steadfast presence in Russia, in spite of tsarist and communist hostility. Originating in the ancient world, especially with Cicero, it continued by way of Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Tocqueville, and more recently Arendt. While it has not always been easy for Russians to read or write classical republican philosophy, much less implement it, republican ideas have long flowered in Russian literature and are part of a common understanding of freedom, dignity, and what constitutes a worthy life. Contemporary Russian republicanism can be seen in movements defending architectural and cultural heritage, municipal participatory budgeting experiments, and shared governance in academic institutions. Drawing on recent empirical research, Kharkhordin elaborates a theory of res publica different from the communal life inherited from the communist period, one that opens up the possibility for a genuine public life in Russia.
By embracing the indigenous Russian reception of the classical republican tradition, Kharkhordin argues, today’s Russians can sever their country’s dependence on the residual mechanisms of the communist past and realize a new vision for freedom.
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About the Author
Oleg Kharkhordin is Professor of Political Science and Sociology at European University in St. Petersburg, where he was rector for eight years. He has been a visiting professor at Harvard, Yale, and Sciences Po and is the author of The Collective and the Individual in Russia and Main Concepts of Russian Politics, among other works.
Table of Contents
1 Friendship and Politics 18
2 Res Publica, in Words and Things 49
3 Society and Socialness 69
4 A Society of Common-ism 105
5 Self-Cognition and Self-Fashioning in Contemporary Russia 160
6 Inspired and Aspiring Selves: Is Russia Doomed to Creativity? 198