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This comprehensive text introduces students to the research methodologies found in both human and physical geography. Careful attention is given to the theories that underlie different types of research, to key issues in research methodology, to the collection of different types of data, and to a range of contemporary geographic techniques, both quantitative and qualitative.
This indispensable volume starts with a broad-based grounding in the conceptual frameworks lying behind data acquisition and analysis. Foundational chapters - served co-authored by human and physical geographers - also provide multiple perspectives on central questions in research methodology, while a series of central essays relating to methods and techniques focus on ways that students, as young researchers, can conceptualize objects of analysis, collect and analyze pertinent data, and interpret the results of their work. Key terminology and exercises are also included throughout.
Unique in both content and organization, Research Methods in Geography provides students with a solid conceptual and practical foundation in the basic principles and methodologies utilized in geography today.
Table of Contents
List of Figures viii
List of Tables xi
List of Boxes xiii
List of Exercises xv
Notes on Contributors xvii
1 Introduction John Paul Jones III Basil Gomez 1
Part I Theory and Methodology 7
2 Theorizing Our World Ian Graham Ronald Shaw Deborah P. Dixon John Paul Jones III 9
3 Observing Our World Bruce L. Rhoads David Wilson 26
4 Measurement and Interpretation Sent Visser John Paul Jones III 41
5 Operational Decisions Andrew Herod Kathleen C. Parker 60
6 Sampling Our World Ryan R. Jensen J. Matthew Shumway 77
Part II Collecting Data 91
7 Physical Landscapes Michael J. Crozier Ulrike Hardenbicker Basil Gomez 93
8 Climates Julie A. Winkler 116
9 Vegetation Thomas W. Gillespie Glen M. MacDonald 137
10 Remote Sensing Douglas A. Stow 155
11 Secondary Data Kevin St Martin Marianna Pavlovskaya 173
12 Social Surveys, Interviews, and Focus Groups Anna J. Secor 194
13 Ethnography and Participant Observation Debbie Allsop Hannah Allen Helen Clare Ian Cook Hayley Raxter Christina Upton Alice Williams 206
14 Cultural Landscapes Richard H. Schein 222
15 Human-Environment Field Study Paul F. Robbins 241
Part III Representing and Analyzing 257
16 Maps and Diagrams Stephen P. Hanna 259
17 Descriptive Statistics Sent Visser John Paul Jones III 279
18 Explanatory Statistics Sent Visser John Paul Jones III 297
19 Mathematical Analysis Sandra Lach Arlinghaus 315
20 Regional Analysis Gordon F. Mulligan 335
21 Modeling Yvonne Martin Stefania Bertazzon 354
22 Geographic Information Systems Michael F. Goodchild 376
23 Analyzing Meaning Deborah P. Dixon 392
Part IV Obligations 409
24 The Politics and Ethics of Research David M. Smith 411
25 Writing It Up Dydia DeLyser 424
What People are Saying About This
"Encompassing both the new-and-trendy and the tried-and-true, this comprehensive 'travel guide' across the discipline's vast and diverse intellectual terrain is remarkable for its breadth, depth, and scope."
—Jonathan D. Phillips, University of Kentucky
"This vibrant and engaging collection takes students through the research process from conceptual foundations to writing, making this book an ideal guide for those undertaking their first research project."
—Joanne P. Sharp, University of Glasgow
"This excellent text, giving both a synoptic and detailed treatment of the subject, and written by some of the most respected geographers in the field, will be extremely useful for all flavors of methods courses in geography. It will also be a valuable reference for students and faculty alike, whether in the human geography, physical geography, or geographic information science realm."
—Dawn Wright, Oregon State University