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Research Methods in Physical Activity / Edition 6
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Research Methods in Physical Activity / Edition 6

by Jerry Thomas, Stephen Silverman, Jack Nelson

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ISBN-10: 073608939X

ISBN-13: 9780736089395

Pub. Date: 11/13/2010

Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

Research Methods in Physical Activity, Sixth Edition, presents an engaging overview of the research process and available methods for students researching within all subdisciplines of kinesiology and exercise science as well as physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy. Translated into seven languages and interjected with the humor


Research Methods in Physical Activity, Sixth Edition, presents an engaging overview of the research process and available methods for students researching within all subdisciplines of kinesiology and exercise science as well as physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy. Translated into seven languages and interjected with the humor that has become a welcome component of this internationally recognized text, the sixth edition of Research Methods in Physical Activity also includes these enhancements:

• Significant updates on the use of library services, including an in-depth discussion of effective electronic searches and information filing

• Fewer hand calculations and increased focus on computational procedures for basic statistics, supplemented with examples from the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyze data on 30 players from the 2008 Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) Tour

• An updated and expanded chapter on the growing merit of using qualitative research to help answer research questions rather than relying solely on the traditional scientific approaches

• A new chapter devoted to mixed-methods models of research that employ both quantitative and qualitative methods to provide a more balanced look at the research problem

In addition to the improvements in the sixth edition, Research Methods in Physical Activity maintains the logical progression and presentation of information that make it the leading text in the field. It discusses all stages of the research process—including formulating and defining a research problem, analyzing data, and presenting results—and offers students practical help with the logistics of beginning, conducting, and completing their research. Readers are introduced to basic statistical and measurement concepts and learn how to complete statistical analysis of research results. Individual chapters on historical, philosophical, epidemiological, descriptive, experimental, and qualitative research acquaint students with possible research approaches, while a new final chapter in that section introduces mixed-methods models that combine different categories of research into one study. In those chapters, four scholarly contributors lend their expertise to provide in-depth knowledge from their respective fields. In addition, humorous stories, anecdotes, and photos are sprinkled throughout the text to demonstrate key points and enliven the reading without detracting from the content. The text concludes with instructions on preparing and presenting the research report.

By systematically guiding the reader through the research process, Research Methods in Physical Activity, Sixth Edition, provides practical research tools and replaces research-induced anxiety and confusion with competency in understanding, planning, conducting, assessing, and presenting research.

Product Details

Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
8.60(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.20(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Part I: Overview of the Research Process

Chapter 1: Introduction to Research in Physical Activity

The Nature of Research

Unscientific Versus Scientific Methods of Problem Solving

Alternative Models of Research

Types of Research

Overview of the Research Process

Parts of a Thesis: A Reflection on the Steps in the Research Process


Chapter 2: Developing the Problem and Using the Literature

Identifying the Research Problem

Purpose of the Literature Review

Basic Literature Search Strategies

Steps in the Literature Search


Chapter 3: Presenting the Problem

Choosing the Title

Writing the Introduction

Stating the Research Problem

Presenting the Research Hypothesis

Operationally Defining Your Terms

Basic Assumptions, Delimitations, and Limitations

Justifying the Significance of the Study

Differences Between the Thesis and the Research Article

Chapter 4: Formulating the Method

How to Present Methodological Details

Why Planning the Method Is Important

Two Principles for Planning Experiments

Describing Participants

Describing Instruments

Describing Procedures

Describing Design and Analysis

Establishing Cause and Effect

Interaction of Participants, Measurements, and Treatments


Chapter 5: Ethical Issues in Research and Scholarship

Seven Areas of Scientific Dishonesty

Ethical Issues Regarding Copyright

Model for Considering Scientific Misconduct

Working With Faculty

Protecting Human Participants

Protecting Animal Subjects


Part II: Statistical and Measurement Concepts in Research

Chapter 6: Becoming Acquainted With Statistical Concepts

Why We Need Statistics

Use of Computers in Statistical Analysis

Description and Inference Are Not Statistical Techniques

Ways to Select a Sample

Justifying Post Hoc Explanations

Difficulty of Random Sampling and Assignment: How Good Does It Have to Be?

Unit of Analysis

Measures of Central Tendency and Variability

Basic Concepts of Statistical Techniques

Data for Use in the Remaining Statistical Chapters


Chapter 7: Statistical Issues in Research Planning and Evaluation


Meaningfulness (Effect Size)


Using Information in the Context of the Study


Chapter 8: Relationships Among Variables

What Correlational Research Investigates

Understanding the Nature of Correlation

What the Coefficient of Correlation Means

Using Correlation for Prediction

Partial Correlation

Uses of Semipartial Correlation

Procedures for Multiple Regression

Multivariate Forms of Correlation


Chapter 9: Differences Among Groups

How Statistics Test Differences

Types of t Tests

Interpreting t

Relationship of t and r

Analysis of Variance

Analysis of Covariance

Experimentwise Error Rate

Understanding Multivariate Techniques


Chapter 10: Nonparametric Techniques

Chi Square: Testing the Observed Versus the Expected

Procedures for Rank-Order Data


Differences Among Groups


Chapter 11: Measuring Research Variables



Methods of Establishing Reliability

Intertester Reliability (Objectivity)

Standard Error of Measurement

Using Standard Scores to Compare Performance

Measuring Movement

Measuring Written Responses

Measuring Affective Behavior

Scales for Measuring Affective Behavior

Measuring Knowledge

Item Response Theory


Part III: Types of Research

Chapter 12: Historical Research in Physical Activity

Research Paradigms

Lines of Inquiry and Topics

Designing the Research

Working With the Evidence


Chapter 13: Philosophic Research in Physical Activity

Identifying the Purposes of Philosophic Research

Locating a Research Problem

Analyzing a Research Problem


Chapter 14: Research Synthesis (Meta-Analysis)

Using Meta-Analysis to Synthesize Research

Presenting Effect Size Data


Chapter 15: The Survey


Electronic Surveys

The Delphi Method

Personal Interviews

Normative Survey


Chapter 16: Other Descriptive Research Methods

Developmental Research

Case Studies

Job Analysis

Observational Research

Unobtrusive Research Techniques

Correlational Research


Chapter 17: Physical Activity Epidemiology Research

Observational Versus Experimental Research

What Is Epidemiology?

Physical Activity Measurement Definitions

Assessment of Physical Activity

Epidemiologic Study Designs

Reading and Interpreting a Physical Activity Epidemiologic Study


Chapter 18: Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research

Sources of Invalidity

Threats to Internal Validity

Threats to External Validity

Controlling Threats to Internal Validity

Controlling Threats to External Validity

Types of Designs


Chapter 19: Qualitative Research

Procedures in Qualitative Research

Analysis of the Data

Concluding Remarks


Chapter 20: Mixed-Methods Research

The Scope of Mixed-Methods Research

Designing Mixed-Methods Research

Specific Issues in Mixed-Methods Research

Examples of Mixed-Methods Research


Part IV: Writing the Research Report

Chapter 21: Completing the Research Process

Research Proposal

Developing a Good Introduction

Describing the Method

The Proposal Process

Preparing and Presenting Qualitative Research Proposals

Writing Proposals for Granting Agencies

Submitting Internal Proposals

Completing Your Thesis or Dissertation

Results and Discussion

Handling Multiple Experiments in a Single Report

Using Tables and Figures


Chapter 22: Ways of Reporting Research

Basic Writing Guidelines

A Brief Word About Acknowledgments

Thesis and Dissertation Format: Traditional Versus Journal

Helpful Hints for Successful Journal Writing

Revising Research Papers

Writing Abstracts

Making Oral and Poster Presentations


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