Research Methods in Psychology: A Handbook / Edition 3 available in Paperback
Comprehensive yet concise, this straightforward handbook introduces students to the most commonly used experimental and nonexperimental methods in psychology. It covers just the essentials in a flexible, modular format and in a style that generates excitement. After reading each chapter, students will be able to identify the significant advantages and disadvantages of each approach, as well as be able to carry out a project using each method.
|Publisher:||Waveland Press, Inc.|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)|
Table of ContentsPreface. 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD. Ways of Knowing. The Objectives of Science and the Scientific Method. A Word about Theories. Research Criticism. Summary. 2. ETHICS IN RESEARCH. Ethical Treatment of the Research Participants.Ethical Treatment of Human Participants. Ethical Dilemmas. Ethical Treatment of Animal Participants. Ethics and the Reporting of Research Results. Conclusion. 3. THE RESEARCH PROCESS. Reliability and Validity. Hypotheses. Hypothesis Testing. How to Do Science. Summary. 4. THE ROLE OF STATISTICS IN RESEARCH. Scales of Measurement. Types of Statistical Techniques. Summary. 5. INTRODUCTION TO EXPERIMENTATION AND THE BETWEEN-GROUPS DESIGN. Experiments versus Correlational Studies. Internal Validity and Confounds. Summary. 6. THE WITHIN-SUBJECTS DESIGN. Types of Within-Subjects Designs. Benefits of the Within-Subjects Design. Disadvantages of the Within-Subjects Design. Counterbalancing. Summary. 7. FACTORIAL DESIGNS. Using Factorial Designs. Other Types of Two-Factor Designs. Other Higher-Order Designs and Their Interactions. Summary. 8. USING NATURAL SETTINGS: OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES AND FIELD EXPERIMENTS. Observational Research Designs. Two Types of Observational Research Designs. Field Experiments. Problems and Pitfalls of Observational Studies. Choosing the Type of Observational Design. Data Collection. Techniques for Data Collection. Types of Data Collected. Sampling Techniques. Summary. 9. MAIL SURVEYS, TELEPHONE SURVEYS, AND PERSONAL INTERVIEWS. Surveys: How and Why to Use Them. Survey Construction. Sampling Techniques. Summary. 10. QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS. Types of Quasi-Experimental Designs. Threats to the Internal Validity ofQuasi-Experimental Designs. Summary. 11. SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS. Types of Single-Subject Designs. Threats to the Internal Validity of Single-Subject Designs. Summary. 12. PHYSICAL TRACES AND ARCHIVAL DATA: TWO NONREACTIVE MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES. Physical Traces. Archival Data Investigations. Summary. Appendix A: Basic Statistical Techniques. Descriptive Statistics. Correlations. Inferential Statistics. Chi-Squared Goodness-of-Fit Test and the Chi-Squared Test of Independence. Appendix B: Statistical Tables. Random Numbers. Areas Under the Normal Curve. Critical Values of t. Critical Values of the Correlation Coefficient. Critical Values of Chi-Square. Appendix C: Empirical Research Reports in Psychology: What They Are, What They Say, Where To Find Them, How To Write Them. Research Reports: What They Are. The Review Process. Empirical Research Reports: What They Say. Literature Review for Psychological Research: Where to Find Research Reports. Research Proposals and Reports: How To Write Them. Glossary. Bibliography.