Reshaping the Work-Family Debate: Why Men and Class Matter

Reshaping the Work-Family Debate: Why Men and Class Matter

by Joan C. Williams
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Reshaping the Work-Family Debate: Why Men and Class Matter

The United States has the most family-hostile public policy in the developed world. Despite what is often reported, new mothers don’t “opt out” of work. They are pushed out by discriminating and inflexible workplaces. Today’s workplaces continue to idealize the worker who has someone other than parents caring for their children.

Conventional wisdom attributes women’s decision to leave work to their maternal traits and desires. In this thought-provoking book, Joan Williams shows why that view is misguided and how workplace practice disadvantages men—both those who seek to avoid the breadwinner role and those who embrace it—as well as women. Faced with masculine norms that define the workplace, women must play the tomboy or the femme. Both paths result in a gender bias that is exacerbated when the two groups end up pitted against each other. And although work-family issues long have been seen strictly through a gender lens, we ignore class at our peril. The dysfunctional relationship between the professional-managerial class and the white working class must be addressed before real reform can take root.

Contesting the idea that women need to negotiate better within the family, and redefining the notion of success in the workplace, Williams reinvigorates the work-family debate and offers the first steps to making life manageable for all American families.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674064492
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 05/07/2012
Series: The William E. Massey Sr. Lectures in the History of American Civilization Series , #16
Pages: 304
Sales rank: 597,882
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

1 Opt Out or Pushed Out? 12

2 One Sick Child Away from Being Fired 12

3 Masculine Norms at Work 42

4 Reconstructive Feminism and Feminist Theory 77

5 The Class Culture Gap 151

6 Culture Wars as Class Conflict 187

Conclusion: Sarah Palin as Formula and Fantasy 215

Notes 221

Acknowledgments 281

Index 285

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