Resource Mobilization in Gulen-Inspired Hizmet

Resource Mobilization in Gulen-Inspired Hizmet

by Sanaa El-Banna


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This scholarly book presents a case study of some of the London-based work of a social movement known as Hizmet, or the Gulen Movement. This transnational faith-inspired movement represents a rising trend of philanthropic social activism around the world and increasingly now in the Muslim world. This book grew out of the author's deep interest in Muslims' interaction with modern society, their social activism, and their response and contributions to global transformation. The author provides a unique insight into the Hizmet Movement, how it draws on Islamic resources, how it should be classified, and how it differs from other social movements.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781935295440
Publisher: Blue Dome Press
Publication date: 06/16/2014
Pages: 93
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.70(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Sanaa El Benna is a senior teaching assistant in the Department of Political Science at the University of Cairo. After graduating from the University of Cairo, she pursued postgraduate studies in sociology and political science at the American University in Cairo, and the University of Cambridge.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Chapter 1 Muslims in Modernity 1

Classifying the Hizmet Movement 4

Theoretical framework 7

Methodology 9

Sources of data 14

Outline of the book 15

Chapter 2 Hizmet in Turkey 17

The transformation of cemaats under the Republic 18

A select biography of Fethullah Gülen 21

Structural and operational concepts of Hizmet 27

Local circles 28

Collective decision making and board of trustees 29

Personal commitment and passion for giving 29

Donation and migration 30

Good conduct 30

Embodiment of ideals vs. direct preaching 31

Just ends and means 31

Conclusion 33

Chapter 3 Hizmet in London 35

Hizmet's socio-economic background in London 35

The evolution of Hizmet in London 41

The local circles level of the Hizmet Movement 42

The organizational level of the Hizmet Movement 44

The Dialogue Society 46

The Mevlana Rumi Mosque 47

The supply side Micro-mobilization 49

Conclusion 50

Chapter 4 Hizmet's Know-how 51

Organizational structure, functions, and rules 51

Participation and relationships 57

Material and financial resources 60

Conclusion 62

Chapter 5 A New Type of Social Movement 65

Hizmet's strategic adaptivism 66

Moral resources 66

Socio-organizational resources 67

Human resources 68

Material resources 69

The Islamic nature of Hizmet 70

Conclusion 75

Glossary of Turkish and Arabic terms 79

Bibliography 83

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