Reversing the Obesogenic Enviroment

Reversing the Obesogenic Enviroment

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781492582953
Publisher: Human Kinetics, Inc.
Publication date: 03/02/2011
Series: Physical Activity Intervention , #1
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 248
File size: 6 MB
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Rebecca E. Lee, PhD, is the founding director of the Texas Obesity Research Center at the University of Houston. Lee is also an associate professor in the department of health and human performance at the University of Houston and holds a courtesy appointment at the University of Texas School of Public Health. She is a community health psychologist who has been principal investigator for numerous federally and privately funded research grants. Her studies have focused on interventions for populations of color, specifically interventions that incorporate social cohesion, ameliorate social injustices, and improve the quality of the neighborhood environment.

Lee serves on the editorial boards of the International Journal of Women’s Health, the American Journal of Health Promotion, and Health Psychology. She has served as a charter member of the community-level health promotion study section of the Center for Scientific Review at the National Institutes of Health and a member and former chair of the Mayor’s Wellness Council Public Policy Committee, which works to improve the health of Houstonians.

Dr. Lee is a fellow of the Society of Behavioral Medicine. She is a member of the Obesity Society and the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. She received the University of Houston College of Education Research Excellence Award in 2005 and 2008, and she has been recognized by the National Institutes of Health as a National Health Disparities Scholar. In 2009, her Saving Lives, Staying Active (SALSA) program was given the Outstanding Achievement for a Community Program Award by the Texas Council on Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke

Kristen M. McAlexander, PhD, is a lecturer in the department of applied physiology and wellness at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. Dr. McAlexander’s research interests include environmental and sociocultural influences of wellness behaviors and obesity, particularly among vulnerable populations such as women and low socioeconomic populations. McAlexander is also president and founder of Reflections Wellness, a local nonprofit organization designed to promote wellness while fighting local poverty and eliminating health disparities. Her research and nonprofit organization focus on understanding and reducing health disparities and improving wellness opportunities among underserved neighborhoods.

McAlexander received a graduate research award and two graduate fellowships from the University of Houston department of health and human performance. McAlexander is an American Council on Exercise (ACE) certified personal trainer and a member of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, the American College of Sports Medicine, and the Urban Affairs Association.

Jorge A. Banda, MS, is a PhD candidate in the department of exercise science at the University of South Carolina in Columbia and a research assistant at the university’s Prevention Research Center. Banda holds a master’s degree in exercise science from the University of Houston. His research has focused primarily on underserved populations, including low-income-housing residents, African-American and Latina women, and low-income rural communities.

Banda received a Prevention Research Center Minority Health fellowship from the Association of Schools of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Charles Coker Fellowship from the University of South Carolina. He was twice awarded a Norman Arnold School of Public Health fellowship. Banda also attended the Built Environment Assessment Training Institute sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, San Diego State University, and the University of Pennsylvania. He is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Public Health Association.

Table of Contents

Part I: Public Health and Obesity

Chapter 1: Emergence of the Obesogenic Environment

Historical Emergence of Obesity as a Public Health Concern

The Case for an Obesogenic Environment

Ecologic Models of Health and the Importance of Supportive Environments

Summary

Chapter 2: Scope of Obesity

Obesity Defined

Causes of Obesity

Vulnerable Populations

Health Risks Associated With Overweight and Obesity

Social and Psychological Costs of Obesity

Summary

Chapter 3: Body Composition Measurements

Field Methods

Laboratory Methods

Summary

Part II: Physical Activity and Obesity

Chapter 4: The Built Environment

Components of the Built Environment

Measuring the Built Environment

Limitations of Research on the Built Environment

Neighborhood Walkability and Physical Activity

Emerging Research and Recommendations

Summary

Chapter 5: Physical Activity Resources

Parks and Open Spaces

Walking Trails and Bikeways

Home Environment

Factors Influencing the Use of Physical Activity Resources

Measuring Physical Activity Resources

Emerging Research and Implications for the Future

Summary

Chapter 6: Active Transportation

Personal Automobile and Obesity

Walkability

Public Transportation

Active Transport to School

Stair Use

Summary

Part III: Food Accessibility

Chapter 7: Food Supply and Security

Nutrition Transition

Food Production

Imports and Exports

Food Storage

Nutritional Disparities, Obesity, and Undernutrition

Food Security

Government intervention

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Summary

Chapter 8: Food Technology

Genetic Engineering

Trans-Fatty Acids

Factory Farming

Summary

Part IV: Public Policy, Sociocultural Influences, and Obesity

Chapter 9: Policy and Individual Health Choices

Levels of Preventions

Guidelines

Educating Individuals

Regulations at the Point of Purchase

Incentives for Good Behavior

Other Approaches

Summary

Chapter 10: Policy and the Obesogenic Environment

Agriculture

International Trade

Food Industry and Food Environments

Built Environment

Transportation

Schools

Worksites

Summary

Chapter 11: Cultural and Familial Influences

Family Culture Within the Ecologic Model of Obesity

Cultural Influences

Familial Influences

Summary

Chapter 12: Social Justice, Health Disparities, and Obesity

Socioeconomic Status

SES, Social Injustices, Health Behaviors, and Obesity

Weight Discrimination

Resiliency to Social Injustices

Solutions

Summary

Part V: Media and Marketing

Chapter 13: Point of Purchase

Marketing, Advertising, Branding

The Four Ps

Summary

Chapter 14: Influence of Media and Technology

Biological Responses to Food Images

Television Advertising and Children

Internet Advertising

Billboard Advertising

Sports Sponsorships

Media Interventions Strategies

Summary

Interviews

A reference for public health officials, epidemiologists, health and fitness professionals, or others interested in the environmental factors contributing to obesity; also a textbook for upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in health promotion, public health, epidemiology, wellness, or obesity.

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