Rights, Resources and Rural Development: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Rights, Resources and Rural Development: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

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Taylor & Francis
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Rights, Resources and Rural Development: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa

Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is an approach that offers multiple related benefits: securing rural livelihoods; ensuring careful conservation and management of biodiversity and other resources; and empowering communities to manage these resources sustainably. Recently, however, the CBNRM concept has attracted criticism for failing in its promise of delivering significant local improvements and conserving biodiversity in some contexts.

This book identifies the flaws in its application, which often have been swept under the carpet by those involved in the initiatives. The authors analyse them, and propose remedies for specific circumstances based on the lessons learned from CBNRM experience in southern Africa over more than a decade.

The result is essential reading for all researchers, observers and practitioners who have focused on CBNRM in sustainable development programmes as a means to overcome poverty and conserve ecosystems in various parts of the globe. It is a vital tool in improving their methods and performance. In addition, academics, students and policy-makers in natural resource management, resource economics, resource governance and rural development will find it a very valuable and instructive resource.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781844070107
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 08/28/2004
Edition description: 1
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures, tables and boxesv
List of contributorsvii
List of acronyms and abbreviationsx
Part 1Synthesis
1The fundamentals of community-based natural resource management3
2Community-based natural resource management and rural livelihoods44
3Political economy, governance and community-based natural resource management66
4Putting out fires: Does the 'C' in CBNRM stand for community or centrifuge?78
5Reconciling biodiversity conservation with rural development: The Holy Grail of CBNRM?93
Part 2Case Studies
6Community-based natural resource management, traditional governance and spiritual ecology in southern Africa: The case of chiefs, diviners and spirit mediums115
7The contribution of bees to livelihoods in southern Africa127
8Everyday resources are valuable enough for community-based natural resource management programme support: Evidence from South Africa135
9Community-based natural resource management in the Okavango Delta147
10Local ecological knowledge and the Basarwa in the Okavango Delta: The case of Xaxaba, Ngamiland District160
11A land without fences: Range management in Lesotho174
12Beach village committees as a vehicle for community participation: Lake Malombe/Upper Shire River Participatory Programme182
13Key issues in Namibia's communal conservancy movement194
14The Torra Conservancy in Namibia200
15The Tchumo Tchato project in Mozambique: Community-based natural resource management in transition210
16The Richtersveld and Makuleke contractual parks in South Africa: Win-win for communities and conservation?223
17The Luangwa Integrated Rural Development Project, Zambia235
18Community wildlife management in Zimbabwe: The case of CAMPFIRE in the Zambezi Valley248
19New configurations of power around Mafungautsi State Forest in Zimbabwe259
Conclusions and recommendations: What we have learned from a decade of experimentation271

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