Rigor Is NOT a Four-Letter Word

Rigor Is NOT a Four-Letter Word

by Barbara R. Blackburn


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781138569560
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/07/2018
Edition description: New
Pages: 180
Sales rank: 290,638
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Barbara R. Blackburn has taught early childhood, elementary, middle, and high school students and has served as an educational consultant for three publishing companies. In addition to speaking at state and national conferences, she also regularly presents workshops for teachers and administrators in elementary, middle, and high schools. She is the author of numerous bestselling books on rigor and motivation.

Table of Contents


1: The Case for Rigor


The Call for Rigor

New Calls for Rigor

Seven Myths About Rigor

Does This Really Matter?

Students' Perceptions of Rigor


2: Digging Into Rigor

Expecting Students to Learn at High Levels

Levels of Questioning

Differentiated Instruction and Multiple Intelligences

Supporting Each Student to Learn at High Levels

Rigor Does Not Stand Alone


3: Raise the Level of Content

Valuing Depth

Increasing Text Difficulty

Creating Connections

Reviewing, Not Repeating

Planning for Implementation of High Standards


4: Increase Complexity

Complexity Through Problem-Based Learning

Complexity in Writing

Complexity as You Assess Prior Knowledge

Complexity With Vocabulary

Complexity in Review Games

5: Give Appropriate Support and Guidance

Scaffolding During Reading Activities

Modeling Expected Instructional Behaviors

Providing Clear Expectations

Chunking Big Tasks

Presenting Multiple Opportunities to Learn

Working With Students With Special Needs


6: Open Your Focus

Open-Ended Questioning

Open-Ended Research

Open-Ended Vocabulary Instruction

Open-Ended Projects

Open-Ended Choices for Students


7: Raise Expectations

Expecting the Best

Expanding the Vision

Ownership of Learning

Tracking Progress

Creating a Culture


8: Assessment and Grading

Assessment That Impacts Learning

Grading Practices

Learning Is Not Optional


9: Collaboration and Professional Learning Communities

Professional Learning Communities

Activities for Professional Learning Communities

10: Opportunities and Challenges

Where Should I Begin?

How Do I Handle Resistance from Students?

What Do I Say to Parents?

How Should I Respond When Other Teachers Aren't Supportive?

How Can I Gauge Progress?


Appendix: Correlations to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts, Grades K-12


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