Rise of the Modern Hospital: An Architectural History of Health and Healing, 1870-1940

Rise of the Modern Hospital: An Architectural History of Health and Healing, 1870-1940

by Jeanne Kisacky


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Rise of the Modern Hospital is a focused examination of hospital design in the United States from the 1870s through the 1940s. This understudied period witnessed profound changes in hospitals as they shifted from last charitable resorts for the sick poor to premier locations of cutting-edge medical treatment for all classes, and from low-rise decentralized facilities to high-rise centralized structures. Jeanne Kisacky reveals the changing role of the hospital within the city, the competing claims of doctors and architects for expertise in hospital design, and the influence of new medical theories and practices on established traditions. She traces the dilemma designers faced between creating an environment that could function as a therapy in and of itself and an environment that was essentially a tool for the facilitation of increasingly technologically assisted medical procedures. Heavily illustrated with floor plans, drawings, and photographs, this book considers the hospital building as both a cultural artifact, revelatory of external medical and social change, and a cultural determinant, actively shaping what could and did take place within hospitals.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822944614
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 01/20/2017
Edition description: 1
Pages: 576
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 10.20(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Jeanne Kisacky is an independent scholar. She has taught classes on the topic of health and architecture as an adjunct instructor at Cornell University, Binghamton University, and Syracuse University.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Introduction 3

Chapter 1 The Hospital Building as a Means of Disease Prevention, 1700-1873 12

Chapter 2 The Transformative Potential and Conservative Reality of Germ Theory and Antisepsis, 1874-1877 78

Chapter 3 The Post-Germ Theory Pavilion in the Dawn of Asepsis, 1878-1897 105

Chapter 4 Hygienic Decentralization vs. Functional Centralization: Reasons for Continuity and Change, 1898-1917 166

Chapter 5 The Vertical Hospital as an Attractive Factory, 1917-1929 235

Chapter 6 The "Meadow Monument to Medicine and Science," 1930-1945 296

Chapter 7 Postwar Hospital Design Trends 338

Notes 347

Bibliographic Essay 407

Figure Sources and Credits 427

Index 435

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