Rise of the Tang Dynasty: The Reunification of China and the Military Response to the Steppe Nomads (AD 581-626)

Rise of the Tang Dynasty: The Reunification of China and the Military Response to the Steppe Nomads (AD 581-626)

by Julian Romane


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Julian Romane examines the military events behind the emergence of the Sui and Tang dynasties in the period 581-626 AD. Narrating the campaigns and battles, he analyzes in detail the strategy and tactics employed, a central theme being the collision of the steppe cavalry with Chinese infantry armies.

By the fourth century AD, horse nomads had seized northern China. Conflict with these Turkic interlopers continued throughout the 5th and most of the 6th century. The emergence of the Sui dynasty (581-618) brought some progress but internal weakness led to their rapid collapse. The succeeding House of Tang, however, provided the necessary stability and leadership to underpin military success. This was largely the achievement of Li Shimin, who later became the second Tang Emperor. By the start of Li Shimin’s reign as Emperor Tang Taizong, effective military organizations had been developed and China reunified. His military campaigns are examples of tactical and strategic virtuosity that demonstrate the application of the distinctive Chinese way of war expounded in Chinese military manuals, including Li Shimin’s own writings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781473887770
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Publication date: 03/13/2018
Sales rank: 1,178,192
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Julian Patrick Romane has a BA from Beloit College Wisconsin and an MA from the University of Colorado. He has been fascinated with ancient/early medieval military history for half a century. He has published articles in several journals and is the editor and/or' translator of several books on historical and political subjects. His first monograph, _Byzantium Triumphant_, was published by Pen & Sword in 2015. He lives in Illinois, USA.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vii

Technical Issues ix

Introduction China and her Military xi

Part I The House of Yang 1

Chapter 1 The Establishment of the Sui Dynasty 9

Chapter 2 Imperial Consolidation 23

Chapter 3 The Imperial State Weakens 33

Chapter 4 The Reign Fails 41

Chapter 5 Rise of the House of Li 49

Chapter 6 War for Guanzhong 55

Part II The House of Li 67

Chapter 7 Battles for the Heart of China 71

Chapter 8 War for Domination I 79

Chapter 9 War for Domination II 89

Chapter 10 Tang Victorious 99

Chapter 11 Imperial Consolidation 107

Chapter 12 Rivalry in the House of Li 117

Conclusion 129

Appendix 1 Chronology of Chinese Dynasties 133

Appendix 2 Military Geography of China 135

Appendix 3 The Great Cities of the Sui and Tang Dynasties 141

Appendix 4 Chinese Art of History 147

Appendix 5 Chinese Military Handbooks 151

Appendix 6 The Great Eurasian Routes 157

Appendix 7 The Horse and the Steppe 165

Appendix 8 Li Shimin's Horses 191

Appendix 9 Chinese Imperial Armies 195

Bibliography 207

Index 213

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