This book offers an introduction to the thought of Robert Holcot, a great and influential but often underappreciated medieval thinker. Holcot was a Dominican friar who flourished in the 1330's and produced a diverse body of work including scholastic treatises, biblical commentaries, and sermons. By viewing the whole of Holcot's corpus, John T. Slotemaker and Jeffrey C. Witt provide a comprehensive account of his thought. Challenging established characterizations of him as a skeptic or radical, they show Holcot to be primarily concerned with affirming and supporting the faith of the pious believer. At times, this manifests itself as a cautious attitude toward absolutist claims about the power of natural reason. At other times Holcot reaffirms, in Anselmian fashion, the importance of rational effort in the attempt to understand and live out one's faith.
Over the course of this introduction the authors unpack Holcot's views on faith and heresy, the divine nature and divine foreknowledge, the sacraments, Christ, and political philosophy. They also examine Holcot's approach to several important medieval literary genres, including the development of his unique "picture method," biblical commentaries, and sermons. In so doing, Slotemaker and Witt restore Holcot to his rightful place as one of the most important thinkers of his time.
About the Author
John T. Slotemaker is Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at Fairfield University. His research focuses on the development of medieval and early modern trinitarian theology. He has recently co-edited (with Jeffrey C. Witt) A Companion to the Theology of John Mair (2015).
Jeffrey C. Witt is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Maryland. His research focuses on issues of faith and reason in the late medieval and early modern period. He has recently co-edited (with John T. Slotemaker) A Companion to the Theology of John Mair (2015).
Table of Contents
Abbreviations, Symbols, and Conventions
Introduction: The Life and Works of Robert Holcot
Chapter 1: Covenantal Theology
Chapter 2: On Faith
Chapter 3: Human Knowledge and the Divine Nature
Chapter 4: God, Creation, and the Future
Chapter 5: The Sacraments: Baptism, Confession, and the Eucharist
Chapter 6: The Biblical Commentary Tradition
Chapter 7: The Twelve Prophets
Chapter 8: The Book of Wisdom
Chapter 9: Holcot's Political Philosophy
Chapter 10: Late Medieval Preaching
Chapter 11: The Moralitates
Chapter 12: Holcot as Preacher
I. Appendix A: Holcot's Commentary on the Sentences
II. Appendix B: The Quodlibetal Questions
III. Appendix C: The Wisdom Commentary: Dubitationes