ISBN-10:
0816047014
ISBN-13:
9780816047017
Pub. Date:
01/28/2003
Publisher:
Facts on File, Incorporated
Robotics / Edition 2

Robotics / Edition 2

by Ellen Thro

Hardcover

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Overview

Facts On File's new Science and Technology in Focus series is geared to making cutting-edge science and technology subjects accessible to middle and high school students, using straightforward language and appealing line illustrations and photographs. In this new and expanded edition of Robotics, Ellen Thro, a noted science writer and researcher, presents a compelling overview of this evolving area of artificial intelligence. Since the original edition of Robotics was published nearly a decade ago, many advances in the areas of miniaturization, sensory feedback, and voice recognition have transformed the development and use of intelligent robotics. Once the products only of people's imaginations, real robots are more and more commonplace today in many familiar environments, especially homes, offices, and hospitals. This volume covers the history and development of robotics (including a "Robot Family Tree"), the anatomy of a robot (vision systems, sensors, and control mechanisms), industrial robots and how they are used around the world, specialized robots (used in the military, in space, and in hazardous situations), and the changing relationship between robots and humans in this new century. Robotics includes an extensive index, a glossary of terms to help readers better understand the field, an appendix of robotics-oriented websites, and a bibliography of current sources for further research.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816047017
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 01/28/2003
Series: Science and Technology in Focus Series
Edition description: New
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsIX
IntroductionXI
1The Robot Family Tree1
Robots through the Ages2
Automatons4
Computers8
Factory Automation9
Factory Tools That Do People's Work10
Artificial Life and Intelligent Robots11
Modern Fictional Robots17
From Robot to ... Human?19
2Anatomy of a Robot21
Arms, Hands, and Joints21
Moving Around24
Today's Dinosaurs--Robots or Not?26
Robotic Navigation28
Sensing Its Surroundings29
Command Center--The Brain32
A Robot's World33
Putting It Together in the Real World33
Robot Academy--Robots Learning to Be Robots34
From Master-Slave to Android36
3Robots on the Job Today39
Robots in the Factory40
Computer-Managed Production41
Service Industry44
SAM--Sewer Access Module46
Working in Hazardous Environments47
Security Robots51
Underwater Robots54
Hospitals, Medicine, and Genomics58
Genomics61
Robots at Work in the 21st Century62
4Artificial Intelligence65
What Does the Human Brain Do?66
Are There Intelligent Artificial Systems?68
Domain Expert70
Reasoning71
The Future of Expert Systems73
Uncertainty74
Probability77
Computers for AI78
Multitasking or Parallel Processing79
AI Languages81
Brainlike Neural Networks83
5Intelligent and Advanced Robots85
Are There Intelligent Robots?85
How Smart Should Robots Be?87
Robotic Planning88
Interacting with the Environment91
Introspection91
Improved Robotic Body Parts91
Threat Response95
Telepresence or Haptics96
Social Robots99
Brainless, But Intelligent Robots102
Microrobots104
Nanorobots106
6Space Robots--Past, Present, and Future109
Space Stations in the 1970s110
United States Space Shuttle114
International Space Station115
Missions to Mars122
First Robotic Explorers122
Mars Odyssey125
Missions to Venus127
Solar System and Beyond--Probes and Observatories127
Aerial Robotics130
7Robots, Society, and You133
Humanoid Robots134
Robots as Toys138
Robot Kits142
Building Robots from Scratch144
Robot Contests144
8The Future of Robotics149
Robotics Industry149
Robots in the Near Future152
Robots in the More Distant Future154
Living Robots?155
Ant Colonies and Swarm Robots157
Biomimetic Robots159
Partnering with a Robot161
Human-Robot Convergence and the "Three Laws of Robotics" Revisited162
The Changing Roles of Robots and People163
Appendixes
Chronology167
Glossary169
Further Reading179
Robotics-Oriented Websites181
Stores and Websites Selling Robots, Robot Kits, and/or Robot Books185
Index187

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