Rolas de Aztlán: Songs of the Chicano Movement

Rolas de Aztlán: Songs of the Chicano Movement


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This important collection of folk songs from the Chicano movement, which began in the Southwest in the mid-'60s and continues today, covers 30 years of history. The heulga (strike) songs, moviemento (anthems), and the corridos (narrative songs of heroism and valor) come out of many forms including the conjunto sounds of the Texas-Mexico border. None of these tunes were recorded for commercial or critical purposes but rather as documents of struggle and inspiration. Most of the music here is on the raw side, immediate and gripping. A listen to the anthem "Yo Soy Chicano" from 1973 (which is described in the liner notes as the anthem of identity for the Chicano movement) is deeply moving and immediate. The lyrics attributed to Juanita Dominguez were written to the corridor "la Lreilera." (Many of the huelga songs were adaptations of other well-known corridos and rancheras.) There are surprises here, too, including "De Colores," sung by a group of school children from the school of Santa Isabel in East L.A. in 1977 and written by the members of a band called los Lobos del Este de los Angeles, or los Lobos, before they made their first recording. There is another song here actually performed by them from 1978, entitled "El Tilingo Lingo," which is a movement dance tune. There are many songs here from the Teatro groups as well, including "Llegando a los Files," from el Teatro Campesino, a well-known tune in the heulga song repertoire, using the ranchera style of Mexico's women singers. And that's the point: the many song forms here all come from the folk, the people themselves. Shared culture allows the various songs offered here to reflect the wide diversity of linguistics, musical and lyrical style, and geography all coming together under an umbrella of unity and a newly emerging identity in North America. Perhaps nothing here is so moving as "Yo No le Tengo Miedo a Nada" from 1966. Composed by Teatro Campesino co-founder Agustin Lira, it's energy, power, and soul-stirring unity takes it out of history and places it in the heart of shared struggle itself. Rolas de Aztlán is an original and necessary document of essential American musical history.

Product Details

Release Date: 09/13/2005
Label: Smithsonian Folkways
UPC: 0093074051627
catalogNumber: 40516
Rank: 79413


  1. Yo Soy Chicano
  2. De Colores
  3. Yo No le Tengo Miedo a Nada
  4. Llegando a los Files
  5. El Picket Sign
  6. No Nos Moverán
  7. Niños Campesinos
  8. Corrido de César Chávez
  9. Corrido de Rio Arriba
  10. Corrido de Bracero
  11. América de los Indios
  12. El Quinto Sol
  13. Soy del Pueblo
  14. El Tilingo Lingo
  15. Yo Soy Tu Hermano, Yo Soy Chicano
  16. Lulac Cadillac
  17. Chicano Park Samba
  18. Vietnam Veterano
  19. ¡Quihubo Raza!

Album Credits

Performance Credits

Ramon Lopez Alvarado   Track Performer
Bobbye Hall   Track Performer
Felipe Rodríguez   Track Performer
Chuck Domanico   Track Performer
Miguel Govea   Track Performer
David Hidalgo   Track Performer
Fernando Leyva   Track Performer
Conrad Lozano   Track Performer
Enrique Ramirez   Track Performer
Emil Richards   Track Performer
Francisco Rodriguez   Track Performer
Cesar Rosas   Track Performer
Jeff Hall   Track Performer
Lorenzo Martinez   Track Performer
Ricardo Sanchez Y Sus Moonlight   Track Performer
Louie Pérez   Track Performer
Francisco Gonzalez   Track Performer
Roberto Juan Martínez   Track Performer
Miguel Ojeda   Track Performer
Juan Tejeda   Track Performer
Ray Flores   Track Performer
Mario Aguilar   Track Performer
Antonio Ramirez   Track Performer
Daniel Mendoza   Track Performer
Daniel Valdez   Track Performer
Yolanda Pérez   Track Performer
David Rodriguez   Track Performer
Enrique Castillo   Track Performer
Luis Valdez   Track Performer
Ravi Knypstra   Track Performer
Felipe Cantu   Track Performer
David Maestas   Track Performer

Technical Credits

Rumel Fuentes   Composer
Carlos Puebla   Composer
Art Brambila   Producer
Daniel Valdez   Composer
Russell Rodriguez   Producer,Annotation,Song Notes
Alfredo "Mayarí" Reyes   Composer
Luis Valdez   Composer
Nestor Mili   Composer

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