Roma Felix-Formation and Relections of Medieval Rome

Roma Felix-Formation and Relections of Medieval Rome


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After the Roman empire fell, medieval Europe continued to be fascinated by Rome itself, the 'chief of cities'. Once the hub of empire, in the early medieval period Rome became an important centre for western Christianity, first of all as the place where Peter, Paul and many other important early Christian saints were martyred: their deaths for the Christian faith gave the city the appellation 'Roma Felix', 'Happy Rome'. But in Rome the history of the faith, embodied in the shrines of the martyrs, coexisted with the living centre of the western Latin church. Because Peter had been recognised by Christ as chief among the apostles and was understood to have been the first bishop of Rome, his successors were acknowledged as patriarchs of the West and Rome became the focal point around which the western Latin church came to be organised. This book explores ways in which Rome itself was preserved, envisioned, and transformed by its residents, and also by the many pilgrims who flocked to the shrines of the martyrs. It considers how northern European cultures (in particular, the Irish and English) imagined and imitated the city as they understood it. The fourteen articles presented here range from the fourth to the twelfth century and span the fields of history, art history, urban topography, liturgical studies and numismatics. They provide an introduction to current thinking about the ways in which medieval people responded to the material remains of Rome's classical and early Christian past, and to the associations of centrality, spirituality, and authority which the city of Rome embodied for the earlier Middle Ages. Acknowledgements for grants in aid of publication are due to the Publication Fund of the College of Arts, Humanities, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences at University College Cork; to the Publication Fund of the National University of Ireland, Dublin; and to the Office of the Provost, Ohio Wesleyan University.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780754660965
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/10/2008
Series: Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 368
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Éamonn Ó Carragßin is Professor of Old and Middle English at University College Cork, Ireland. Carol Neuman de Vegvar is Professor of Fine Arts at Ohio Wesleyan University, USA.

Table of Contents

Contents: Introduction, Carol Neuman de Vegvar and Éamonn Ó Carragßin; Part I Articulating the City: Communities, Congregations, Cults and Processions: Rome of the martyrs: saints, cults and relics, 4th-7th centuries, Alan Thacker; Building for bodies: the architecture of saint veneration in early medieval Rome, Caroline J. Goodson; Life after death: the afterlife of sarcophagi in medieval Rome and Ravenna, Dorothy Verkerk; Gendered spaces: the placement of imagery in Santa Maria Maggiore, Carol Neuman de Vegvar; Roman processions of the major litany (litaniae maiores) from the 6th to the 12th centuries, Joseph Dyer; Art and socio-cultural identity in early medieval Rome: the patrons of Santa Maria Antiqua, Stephen J. Lucey; Sacred memory and confraternal space: the insignia of the Confraternity of the Santissimo Salvatore (Rome), Kirstin Noreen. Part II Reading the City: Envisioning, Interpreting, and Imitating Medieval Rome: Dating medieval mural paintings in Rome: a case study from San Lorenzo fuori le mura, John Osborne; 'Ut domus tali ornetur decore: metamorphosis of ornamental motifs in Anagni and Rome, Martina Bagnoli; Fact and fiction in the Mirabilia urbis Romae, Dale Kinney; Juniors teaching elders: Columbanus, Rome and spiritual authority, Damian Bracken; Ireland and Rome in the 7th century, Charles Doherty; Three coins in a fountain, Anna Gannon; Authority and care: the significance of Rome in 12th century Chester, John Doran; Index.

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