Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, second edition

Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, second edition

by M. C. Bishop, J. C. Coulston

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Rome's rise to empire is often said to have owed much to the efficiency and military skill of her armies and their technological superiority over barbarian enemies. But just how 'advanced' was Roman military equipment? What were its origins and how did it evolve? The authors of this book have gathered a wealth of evidence from all over the Roman Empire's excavated examples as well as pictorial and documentary sources to present a picture of what range of equipment would be available at any given time, what it would look like and how it would function. They examine how certain pieces were adopted from Rome's enemies and adapted to particular conditions of warfare prevailing in different parts of the Empire. They also investigate in detail the technology of military equipment and the means by which it was produced, and discuss wider questions such as the status of the soldier in Roman society. Both the specially prepared illustrations and the text have been completely revised for the second edition of this detailed and authoritative handbook, bringing it up to date with the very latest research. It illustrates each element in the equipment of the Roman soldier, from his helmet to his boots, his insignia, his tools and his weapons. This book will appeal to archaeologists, ancient and military historians as well as the generally informed and inquisitive reader.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781785703959
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Publication date: 04/22/2006
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 224
Sales rank: 429,465
File size: 14 MB
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About the Author

Mike Bishop is a specialist on the Roman army, with many publications to his name including the acclaimed and widely used Roman Military Equipment (2006). The founding editor of Journal of Roman Military Equipment Studies, he has also led several excavations of Roman sites.

Table of Contents

Preface and Introduction vii

Acknowledgements ix

Notes xi

Map and List of Sites xiii

1 The Representational Evidence

Introduction 1

Propaganda Sculpture 2

Funerary Monuments 9

Miscellaneous and Non-Roman Sculpture 14

Minor Works 16

Notes 20

2 The Archaeological Evidence

Introduction 23

Site Deposition 26

Hoards 30

Water Deposits and Votive Offerings 30

Burials with Weaponry 33

Excavation and Publication 34

Reconstruction Archaeology 34

Notes 37

3 The Documentary Evidence

Introduction 39

The Literary Sources 39

The Sub-Literary Sources 41

Epigraphy 43

Notes 47

4 The Republican Period

Weapons 50

Armour 61

Other Equipment 67

Notes 71

5 From Augustus to Hadrian

Weapons 73

Armour 91

Other Equipment 106

Notes 123

6 The Antonine Revolution

Weapons 129

Armour 137

Other Equipment 144

Notes 146

7 The Army in Crisis

Weapons 150

Armour 170

Other Equipment 182

Notes 192

8 The Dominate

Weapons 200

Armour 208

Other Equipment 218

Notes 228

9 Production and Technology

Production 233

Technology 241

Notes 249

10 The Study of Military Equipment

The Identity of Roman Soldiers 253

The Ownership and Storage of Equipment 262

Individual Taste and Decoration 266

Innovation and Change 267

Interaction with Other Peoples 270

Scholars and Students 272

Notes 275


Abbreviations 279

References 280

Plate Captions 310

Index 312

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