Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism / Edition 1

Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism / Edition 1

by Peter R. D'Agostino
Pub. Date:
The University of North Carolina Press
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Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism / Edition 1

For years, historians have argued that Catholicism in the United States stood decisively apart from papal politics in European society. The Church in America, historians insist, forged an "American Catholicism," a national faith responsive to domestic concerns, disengaged from the disruptive ideological conflicts of the Old World. Drawing on previously unexamined documents from Italian state collections and newly opened Vatican archives, Peter D'Agostino paints a starkly different portrait. In his narrative, Catholicism in the United States emerges as a powerful outpost within an international church that struggled for three generations to vindicate the temporal claims of the papacy within European society.

Even as they assimilated into American society, Catholics of all ethnicities participated in a vital, international culture of myths, rituals, and symbols that glorified papal Rome and demonized its liberal, Protestant, and Jewish opponents. From the 1848 attack on the Papal States that culminated in the creation of the Kingdom of Italy to the Lateran Treaties in 1929 between Fascist Italy and the Vatican that established Vatican City, American Catholics consistently rose up to support their Holy Father. At every turn American liberals, Protestants, and Jews resisted Catholics, whose support for the papacy revealed social boundaries that separated them from their American neighbors.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807855157
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date: 04/19/2004
Edition description: 1
Pages: 384
Sales rank: 1,273,642
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Whose Rome? Whose Italy?1
Part I.Intransigence, 1848-1914
Chapter 1The Roman Question: The Battle for Civilization, 1815-187819
Chapter 2The Transnational Symbolic Contest for Rome, 1878-191453
Chapter 3The Mayor of Rome Is an "Atheist Jew," 1910-191484
Part II.Transformation, 1914-1929
Chapter 4The Great War: "Keep the Roman Question Alive," 1914-1920103
Chapter 5The Church Encounters the Order Sons of Italy in America, 1913-1921132
Chapter 6Catholics Meet Mussolini: "The Chosen Instrument in the Hands of Divine Providence," 1919-1929158
Part III.Realization, 1929-1940
Chapter 7The Lateran Pacts of 1929 and the Crisis of 1931: Defending "The Holy Island"197
Chapter 8Preaching Fascism and American Religious Politics230
Chapter 9Stubborn and Lonely: American Catholic Anti-Fascists258
Chapter 10Parish Conflicts: The Church and Fascist Italy Manage "All Spirit of Rebellion"282
1.Italy before Unification21
2.The Process of Italian Unification22
3.Modern Italy107

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