ISBN-10:
0415717779
ISBN-13:
2900415717778
Pub. Date:
07/01/2016
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Rome in the East: The Transformation of an Empire / Edition 2

Rome in the East: The Transformation of an Empire / Edition 2

by Warwick Ball

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900415717778
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 07/01/2016
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 594
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Warwick Ball is a Near Eastern archaeologist who has excavated in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Libya and Ethiopia, and travelled extensively in most other countries in the region in his professional capacity. He has held posts with the British Institute of Afghan Studies in Kabul, the Department of Antiquities of Jordan and the British School of Archaeology in Iraq. The first edition of Rome in the East was Choice Outstanding Academic Book in 2000 and was awarded the James Henry Breasted Prize in 2001. Author of many other books on the history and archaeology of the region, Mr Ball now lives in Scotland.

Table of Contents

List of Line Drawings

Photographic Acknowledgements

List of Photographs

List of Tables

Preface

East or West?

Constraints and considerations

Sources, perspectives and evidence

The limitations of epigraphy

Terminology

Geographical limits

Objectives

Genesis

1. Historical background

To the Euphrates

Rome and Iran

Hannibal and Antiochus the Great

Pompey the Great

Crassus, Carrhae and the Parthians

Beyond the Euphrates

Trajan and the ghost of Alexander

Septimius Severus and Mesopotamia

The end of the beginning

The Long Retreat

Iran restored: Alexander and Artaxerxes

Shapur I, Valerian and the disaster of Edessa

Shapur II, Constantius and the disaster of Amida

Julian and the loss of the Tigris Provinces

Justinian the Peasant's son and Khusrau of the Immortal Soul

Endgame: Heraclius, Khusrau Parviz and Muhammad

2. The Princely States - Near Eastern kingdoms under Roman protection

Rome and the Arabs

Emesa and the Sun-Kings

The Kings of Emesa

The religion of Emesa

The Great Temple of Emesene Baal

Judaea, Herod the Great and the Jewish Revolt

The Rise of Herod

The successors of Herod

The Jewish Revolt

Arabia and the Nabataeans

Rise of the Nabataeans

The Nabataean Achievement

Nabataean Religion

Palmyra and Queen Zenobia

Origins of Palmyra

Palmyrene Trade

The Rise of Udaynath

Zenobia

The Revolt

Aftermath of the Revolt

Palmyrene Civilisation

Edessa and the coming of Christendom

Origins

The kings

Religion at Edessa

Edessa and Christianity

The Tanukhids and Queen Mawiyya

'King of the Arabs'

Queen Mawiyya's Revolt

Aftermath

The Ghassanids and the coming of Islam

3. Rome East of the Frontiers

Military Campaigns

Mark Antony and Iran

Aelius Gallus and Yemen

Roman prisoners of war

Crassus’ lost legions?

Survivors of Edessa

Roman trade

Rome in India

Rome in Central Asia and China

‘Romano-Buddhist’ Art

4. The Towns and Cities

Antioch, the Imperial City

Origins

Eastern city or foreign implant?

Antioch as an Imperial city

The Macedonian heartland of the north

Seleucia and Laodicaea

Apamaea

Aleppo

Cyrrhus and Chalcis

The Euphrates and Mesopotamia

Halabiya

Rasafa

Dura Europos

Mesopotamia

The Phoenician Coast

Aradus, Antaradus and Marathus

Byblos

Beirut

Sidon and Tyre

Caesarea

Aradus, Tyre, others

The Decapolis

Damascus

Qanawat and Si‘

Jerash

Amman

Other Decapolis cities

‘Roman’ Arabia: Bosra and Shahba

Bosra

Shahba

Conclusion

5. The Countryside

The Dead Cities

The settlements and their setting

The houses

Public buildings

Christian buildings

Economy

Date

Explanation

Other areas

Elsewhere in north Syria

The desert fringes

Cilicia

The Negev

Jordan

The Hauran

Villages and their settings

Public buildings

Conclusions

6. Secular architecture: Imperial stamp or imperial veneer?

The urban layout

Planned towns

Sacred and processional ways

Colonnaded streets

The four-way arch

Other ornamental arches

Dedicatory columns

Nymphaea

The kalybe

Forums

Oval and circular plazass

Buildings of pleasure

Baths

Entertainment

Military architecture

Occupation

Defence

7. Buildings of religion: the resurgence of the east

Temples

The temenos temple

Temple propylaea

Eastern temple origins

Exterior altars

Temple sanctuaries

Circumambulatories

High places

Early Christian architecture

The basilica

The martyrium

Funerary architecture

Pyramids, temples and columns

Tower tombs

Underground tombs

Tomb facades

Fabric and style

Building material

The trabeate style

The ‘baroque’style

The ‘Syrian Niche’

Conclusion

8. The transformation of an Empire

The Arabs and the West

India and the West

Julia Domna and the Arabs who ruled Rome

Septimius Severus and Julia Domna

Caracalla and Geta

Elagabalus and Baal

Alexander and the end of a dynasty

Aftermath

Philip the Arab

Lepcis Magna: Roman City in Africa and the orientalisation of Europe

From Paganism to Christianity

Religion in Pagan Rome

From slave to master

From Iran to Rome

From Anatolia to Rome

From the Semitic East to Rome

From East to West

The Oriental Revolution

East and West

Character and prejudice

The view from the east

Triumph of the East

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