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Taylor & Francis
Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics

by Gerard Hughes, Hughes Gerard
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415221870
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 04/28/2001
Series: Routledge Philosophy GuideBooks Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 248
Product dimensions: 5.25(w) x 7.75(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Gerard Hughes is Master of Campion Hall at the University of Oxford

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements; Note on the Text; 1. Aristotle's Life and Work; An Outline of his Life and Times; His Works and Philosophical Background; 2. Style, Structure and Aim of the Ethics; The Nicomachaean Ethics; Aristotle's Preface (1): Why Do We Do Anything at All?; Aristotle's Preface (2): Realistic Expectations; Aristotle's Preface (3): Suitable Students; 3. The Fulfilled Life; The Meanings of Eudaimonia and Arete; Fulfilled Lives?; A Central Problem: "Dominant" or "Inclusive?"; Two Further Agreed Characteristics of Eudaimonia; Background: Aristotle's Views on the Human Soul; The Function Argument; The Characteristic Activity of Humans; The Characteristically Human and the Fulfilled Life; The Fulfilled Life and the Morally Admirable; Theoria and Being a Good Citizen; 4. Moral Virtues and Moral Training; The Definition of Moral Virtue; "A habitual disposition"; "Lying in a mean relative to us"; "A mean which is determined by reason"; "By which the person of practical wisdom would determine it"; "Concerned with choice"; Moral Training; What they already have; What they still need; Indoctrination?; 5. Practical Wisdom; Overview of the Issues; Practical Wisdom and Theoretical Ability; Is Practical Wisdom like other Practical Skills?; Practical Wisdom: About Means or about Ends?; a. "Particulars" and "Universals"; b. Deliberation, Means and Ends; Practical Wisdom and Moral Virtue; The Unity of the Virtues; Is Aristotle's Account Defensible?; 6. Responsibility; "Acting Willingly": Sorting Out Common Opinions; a. Compulsion; b. Ignorance; Moral Conclusions: The Best Index of Character; Responsibility for One's Character;Decisions and Freedom; Additional Note on "Wanting"; 7. Moral Failure; Why is Moral Failure Problematic?; Aristotle's Solution: One Interpretation; A More Detailed Defence; Several Types of Culpable Failure?; The Practical Syllogisms; Does Aristotle Defend Socrates or Commonsense?; Can we say why some people act wrongly when they need not have?; 8. Relationships with Others; Aristotelian Relationships; Is Aristotle an Ethical Egoist?; Flexibility, Relationships and Justice; 9. Pleasure and the Good Life; The issues as they appeared to Aristotle; a. Eudoxus; b. The physiology and psychology of pleasure; c. Geneal Moral Arguments; Aristotle's Comments on the Moral Arguments; The Argument from Opposites; Aristotle's Own View: Arguments and Problems; Pleasure is not a Process; Pleasure as the Perfection of an Acitivity; Are Some Pleasures Not Really Pleasures?; Is the Fulfilled Life Enjoyable?; 10. Aristotle's Moral World and Ours; Culture: Acceptance and Criticism; a. Some Unusual Athenian Virtues; b. Uncritical Acceptance?; Virtues and Principles; Bibliography

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