Scholars bring their field experience and their expertise in sociology, social anthropology, economics, political science, and other areas to bear on an understanding of what happened to a model socialist construction: the rural village cooperative of Israel, the Moshav. A number of the chapters describe re-studies of communities their authors had examined a generation ago. The overall result is a diversity of views from the perspectives of individual community members, community organizations themselves, and expert interpreters, about the causes and consequences of a decline in economic cooperation concomitant with a decline in government support and a decline in the role of agriculture in most communities and in the national economy. The processes examined here have considerable importance for the understanding of transformations taking place in vast regions of the world.
About the Author
MOSHE SCHWARTZ is senior researcher at the Development Studies Center at Rehovot and also doing research at the Social Studies Center at the J. Blaustein Institute, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.
SUSAN LEES is Acting Dean of the Social Science Division of Hunter College, City University of New York.
GIDEON M. KRESSEL is Head of the Social Studies Center at the J. Blaustein Institute, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.
Table of Contents
The Moshav: An Introduction by Susan H. Lees
Organizational Environment: Beginning and Later Development
Moshav and Kibbutz in the Anthropology and Sociology of Israel by Moshe Schwartz
The Effects of Public Financial Assistance on the Management of Moshav Economic Affairs by Moshe Schwartz and Neal Sherman
The Settlement Department Unsettled by Shlomo Fox
Socialism, the Moshav, and the Water Crisis by Susan H. Lees
Communities in Change
Looking Backward with a Forward View, Stories That Make Sense by Esther Schely-Newman
Change or Renewal? Israel's First Moshav Ovdim in a New Political and Economic Order by Naomi Nevo
A Note on Even Yosef in the Early 1990s by Harvey E. Goldberg
Generations Divorced: The Mutation of Familism among Atlas Mountains Immigrants in Israel by Moshe Shokeid
From Village to Suburb: From Cooperation to Individualism by Leonard Mars
"He Who Stays in Agriculture is not a Freier," The Spirit of Competition among Members of the Moshav Is Eroded When Unskilled Arab Labor Enters the Scene by Gideon M. Kressel
Moshav Ranen Is Going Back to Agriculture by David Sivan
From Generation to Generation and from Country to Country
The Moshav Overseas: Revisiting Issues Rather than Settlements by Yair Levi
The Decooperativization of Israel's Moshavim, 1985-1994 by Moshe Schwartz
Rural Cooperation and the Stages of Economic Growth by Raanan Weitz