Phoenician and Punic archaeology have long been overlooked by Mediterranean archaeologists, who focused their attention on Greek and Roman cultures. Although the Punic cities and their rural landscapes are to be found along the southern shores and on the islands of the western Mediterranean basin, comprehensive studies of these archaeological remains are virtually non-existent. This book investigates Punic rural settlement in the western Mediterranean by bringing together and comparing the currently dispersed existing evidence for rural Punic settlement. The core of the volume is accordingly made up by a detailed discussion of the archaeological evidence for Punic rural settlement from Sardinia, Sicily, Ibiza, mainland Spain and North Africa. Because agriculture and agrarian produce have always been assumed to have played a critical role in the Carthaginian colonial expansion, the connections between the various colonial contexts and the local characteristics of rural organisation are explored in detail in order to enhance our understanding of these colonial contexts. This in turn provides better insight into Carthaginian colonialism and local Punic rural settlement and their role in the wider Mediterranean context. By publishing this evidence and these interpretations in English, the authors hope to draw attention to Punic archaeology in general and to these rural studies in particular, and to situate them in the wider Mediterranean context of both classical Antiquity and Mediterranean archaeology.
About the Author
Carlos Gomez Bellard teaches in the Department of Prehistory and Archaeology of the University of Valencia, Spain. Peter van Dommelen is Joukowsky Family Professor in Archaeology and Professor of Anthropology at Brown University.
Table of Contents1 Defining the Punic World and its Rural Contexts 2 Rereading Punic Agriculture: Representation, Analogy and Ideology in the Classical Sources Veronique Krings 3 Ibiza: the Making of New Landscapes Carlos Gomez Bellard 4 The Iberian Peninsula: Landscapes of Tradition Jose Luis Lopez Castro 5 North Africa: Rural Settlement and Agricultural Production Elizabeth Fentress and Roald F. Docter 6 Sicily and Malta: between Sea and Countryside Antonella Spano Giammellaro, Francesca Spatafora and Peter van Dommelen 7 Sardinia: Diverging Landscapes Peter van Dommelen and Stefano Finocchi 8 Agrarian Landscapes and Rural Communities 9 Conclusions: Rural Landscapes of the Punic World