The end of the Soviet Union precipitated a reassessment of Russia's foreign policy in many parts of the world, none more so than in the Middle East. Talal Nizameddin's book looks at how a once cherished commitment to ideological goals and superpower rivalry with the United States was replaced, after 1991, with a pragmatic foreign policy based on national interest, epitomized by the appointment of Yevgeni Primakovan expert on Iraqas foreign minister. Nizameddin examines Gorbachev's "new thinking," the foreign policy debates under President Yeltsin, the waning of Russian influence over the Palestinians and its consequent exclusion from the secret Oslo accords. Case studies of Russia's relations with Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Turkey, and Iran provide a detailed up-to-date analysis of the region's wider diplomatic and strategic concerns. Extensive use is made of both Russian and Arabic language sources and of interviews with Russian and Arab leaders and officials, including Yassir Arafat and Andrei Kozyrev.
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About the Author
Talal Nizameddin is Lecturer in International Relations at Haigazian University, Beirut.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Making of a National Foreign Policy
• The Soviet Union and the Middle East, 1945-85: Opportunities and Limitations
• Gorbachev's New Thinking: The Transition Period
• Problems, Debates, Ideas: Forming a Foreign Policy under Yelstsin
• Russian-Israeli Relations
• Russia and Israel's Neighbors: A New Basis of Relations
• Saudi Arabia and Iraq: Russia between Old Friends and New Allies
• Russia, Turkey and Iran: A Regional Power Game