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Overview

An important Russian economist and politician takes a long view of economic history and Russia's development.

It is not so easy to take the long view of socioeconomic history when you are participating in a revolution. For that reason, Russian economist Yegor Gaidar put aside an early version of this work to take up a series of government positions—as Minister of Finance and as Boris Yeltsin's acting Prime Minister—in the early 1990s. In government, Gaidar shepherded Russia through its transition to a market economy after years of socialism. Once out of government, Gaidar turned again to his consideration of Russia's economic history and long-term economic and political challenges. This book, revised and updated shortly before his death in 2009, is the result.

Gaidar's account of long-term socioeconomic trends puts his country in historical context and outlines problems faced by Russia (and other developing economies) that more developed countries have already encountered: aging population, migration, evolution of the system of social protection, changes in the armed forces, and balancing stability and flexibility in democratic institutions.
This is not a memoir, but, Gaidar points out, neither is it “written from the position of a man who spent his entire life in a research institute. ” Gaidar's “long view” is inevitably informed and enriched by his experience in government at a watershed moment in history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262526838
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 08/29/2014
Series: The MIT Press
Pages: 568
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 8.70(h) x 1.20(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Yegor Gaidar (1956–2009) was a Russian economist and politician and a key architect of economic reforms in Russia's transition to a market economy.

Table of Contents

Foreword Anders Åslund vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

Part 1 Modern Economic Growth 1

1 Modern Economic Growth 3

2 Economic Determinism and the Twentieth-Century Experience 23

3 The General and the Particular in Modern Economic Growth 43

Part 2 Agrarian Societies and Capitalism 67

4 Traditional Agrarian Society 69

5 A Different Path 93

6 The Phenomenon of Antiquity 103

7 Capitalism and the Rise of Europe 121

Part 3 The Trajectory of Russia's Development 143

8 Particular Features of Russia's Economic Development 145

9 The Collapse of an Empire 181

Part 4 Major Issues of the Postindustrial World 205

10 The Postsocialist Crisis and Recovery Growth 207

11 The Dynamics of Population and International Migration 235

12 The State Burden on the Economy 269

13 The Formation and Crisis of Systems of Social Safeguards 287

14 The Evolution of Education and Healthcare Systems 311

15 The Transformation of the System for Manning the Armed Forces 337

16 On the Stability and Flexibility of Political Systems 353

Epilogue 367

Notes 379

Index 527

What People are Saying About This

Daniel Treisman

In this monumental work, Yegor Gaidar, the leading Russian economist of his generation, shows how Russia's economic and political development in the twentieth Century fit into the sweep of global history. Informed by a lifetime of scholarship and practical experience, Russia: A Long View is a tour de force that will enliven debates about Russia's place in the world for years to come.

Padma Desai

Yegor Gaidar was Russia's 'national treasure.' A reformer of exceptional caliber and daring policy initiatives, he was also a scholar of profound erudition. His luminous writings in this volume show his acute insights into the economics and politics of recent Russian history. They also underline the tragedy of his premature death, which has deprived Russia of his manifold talents at a critical juncture in its troubled transition.

Andrei Shleifer

In the mid-1990s, Yegor Gaidar was asked what Russia will look like in twenty years. He said, with amazing prescience, that he was certain it will be a market economy, but far less certain that it will be a democracy. Like the prediction, this book reflects Gaidar's deep and distinctive perspective on long-term economic development, Russia's transition, and Russia's future.

Endorsement

Yegor Gaidar was Russia's 'national treasure.' A reformer of exceptional caliber and daring policy initiatives, he was also a scholar of profound erudition. His luminous writings in this volume show his acute insights into the economics and politics of recent Russian history. They also underline the tragedy of his premature death, which has deprived Russia of his manifold talents at a critical juncture in its troubled transition.

Padma Desai, Gladys and Roland Harriman Professor of Comparative Economic Systems, Columbia University

From the Publisher

In this monumental work, Yegor Gaidar, the leading Russian economist of his generation, shows how Russia's economic and political development in the twentieth Century fit into the sweep of global history. Informed by a lifetime of scholarship and practical experience, Russia: A Long View is a tour de force that will enliven debates about Russia's place in the world for years to come.

Daniel Treisman , professor of Political Science, University of California, Los Angeles; author of The Return: Russia's Journey from Gorbachev to Medvedev

In the mid-1990s, Yegor Gaidar was asked what Russia will look like in twenty years. He said, with amazing prescience, that he was certain it will be a market economy, but far less certain that it will be a democracy. Like the prediction, this book reflects Gaidar's deep and distinctive perspective on long-term economic development, Russia's transition, and Russia's future.

Andrei Shleifer , Professor of Economics, Harvard University

Yegor Gaidar was Russia's 'national treasure. ' A reformer of exceptional caliber and daring policy initiatives, he was also a scholar of profound erudition. His luminous writings in this volume show his acute insights into the economics and politics of recent Russian history. They also underline the tragedy of his premature death, which has deprived Russia of his manifold talents at a critical juncture in its troubled transition.

Padma Desai , Gladys and Roland Harriman Professor of Comparative Economic Systems, Columbia University

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