Crucial texts, many available in English for the first time, written before and during the Bolshevik Revolution by the radical biopolitical utopianists of Russian Cosmism.
Cosmism emerged in Russia before the October Revolution and developed through the 1920s and 1930s; like Marxism and the European avant-garde, two other movements that shared this intellectual moment, Russian Cosmism rejected the contemplative for the transformative, aiming to create not merely new art or philosophy but a new world. Cosmism went the furthest in its visions of transformation, calling for the end of death, the resuscitation of the dead, and free movement in cosmic space. This volume collects crucial texts, many available in English for the first time, by the radical biopolitical utopianists of Russian Cosmism.
Cosmism was developed by the Russian philosopher Nikolai Fedorov in the late nineteenth century; he believed that humans had an ethical obligation not only to care for the sick but to cure death using science and technology; outer space was the territory of both immortal life and infinite resources. After the revolution, a new generation pursued Fedorov's vision. Cosmist ideas inspired visual artists, poets, filmmakers, theater directors, novelists (Tolstoy and Dostoevsky read Fedorov's writings), architects, and composers, and influenced Soviet politics and technology. In the 1930s, Stalin quashed Cosmism, jailing or executing many members of the movement. Today, when the philosophical imagination has again become entangled with scientific and technological imagination, the works of the Russian Cosmists seem newly relevant.
Contributors Alexander Bogdanov, Alexander Chizhevsky, Nikolai Fedorov, Boris Groys, Valerian Muravyev, Alexander Svyatogor, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Anton Vidokle, Brian Kuan Wood
A copublication with e-flux, New York
About the Author
Boris Groys is Professor of Russian and Slavic Studies at New York University, Senior Research Fellow at the Academy of Design in Karlsruhe, Germany, and Professor at the European Graduate School in Saas Fee, Switzerland. He is the author of Art Power , History Becomes Form: Moscow Conceptualism (both published by the MIT Press), and other books.
Table of Contents
Foreword Anton Vidokle Brian Kuan Wood vii
Introduction: Russian Cosmism and the Technology of Immortality Boris Croys 1
1 "The World-Historical Cycles," from The Earth in the Sun's Embrace Alexander Chizhevsky 17
2 From "Mass Movements and Short Periods of Solar Activity," in The Earth in the Sun's Embrace Alexander Chizhevsky 41
3 Astronomy and Architecture Nikolai Fedorov 55
4 Our Affirmations Alexander Svyatogor 59
5 The Doctrine of the Fathers and Anarchism-Biocosmism Alexander Svyatogor 63
6 Biocosmist Poetics Alexander Svyatogor 83
7 A Universal Productive Mathematics Valerian Muravyev 91
8 The Future of Earth and Mankind Konstantin Tsiolkovsky 113
9 Panpsychism, or Everything Feels Konstantin Tsiolkovsky 133
10 Theorems of Life (as an Addendum and Clarification on Monism) Konstantin Tsiolkovsky 157
11 Goals and Norms of Life Alexander Bogdanov 167
12 Tektology of the Struggle against Old Age Alexander Bogdanov 203
13 Immortality Day Alexander Bogdanov 215
Author Biographies 229