Sacrifice on the Steppe: The Italian Alpine Corps in the Stalingrad Campaign, 1942-1943

Sacrifice on the Steppe: The Italian Alpine Corps in the Stalingrad Campaign, 1942-1943

by Hope Hamilton

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Overview

Sacrifice on the Steppe: The Italian Alpine Corps in the Stalingrad Campaign, 1942-1943 by Hope Hamilton

When Germany’s Sixth Army advanced to Stalingrad in 1942, its long-extended flanks were mainly held by its allied armies—the Romanians, Hungarians, and Italians. But as history tells us, these flanks quickly caved in before the massive Soviet counter-offensive which commenced that November, dooming the Germans to their first catastrophe of the war. However, the historical record also makes clear that one allied unit held out to the very end, fighting to stem the tide—the Italian Alpine Corps.

As a result of Mussolini’s disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany, by the fall of 1942, 227,000 soldiers of the Italian Eighth Army were deployed on a 270km front along the Don River to protect the left flank of German troops intent on capturing Stalingrad. Sixty thousand of these were alpini, elite Italian mountain troops. When the Don front collapsed under Soviet hammerblows, it was the Alpine Corps that continued to hold out until it was completely isolated, and which then tried to fight its way out through both Russian encirclement and “General Winter,” to rejoin the rest of the Axis front. Only one of the three alpine divisions was able to emerge from the Russian encirclement with survivors. In the all-sides battle across the snowy steppe, thousands were killed and wounded, and even more were captured. By the summer of 1946, 10,000 survivors returned to Italy from Russian POW camps.

This tragic story is complex and unsettling, but most of all it is a human story. Mussolini sent thousands of poorly equipped soldiers to a country far from their homeland, on a mission to wage war with an unclear mandate against a people who were not their enemies. Raw courage and endurance blend with human suffering, desperation and altruism in the epic saga of this withdrawal from the Don lines, including the demise of thousands and survival of the few.

Hope Hamilton, fluent in Italian and having spent many years in Italy, has drawn on many interviews with survivors, as well as massive research, in order to provide this first full English-language account of one of World War II’s legendary stands against great odds.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781612000138
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
Publication date: 06/08/2011
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 384
Sales rank: 527,088
File size: 6 MB

About the Author

Hope Hamilton specializes in World War II history.

Table of Contents

Preface

PART I. ITALIAN TROOPS ARE SENT TO RUSSIA
1. The Invasion of Russia
2. Summer of 1942
3. The Trek of the Alpini
4. On the Don Lines
5. General Conditions on the Don Front
6. The Russian Winter Offensive Begins
7. Transfer of the Julia Division
8. Encirclement of the Alpine Corps

PART II. LA RITIRATA:WITHDRAWAL OF THE ALPINE CORPS FROM THE DON
9. Retreat During the Height of Winter
10. The Cuneense and Julia Continue to Withdraw
11. Disaster on the Steppe
12. Withdrawal of the Tridentina Division
13. Out of the Encirclement—The March Continues
14. Survivors of the Withdrawal Return to Italy

PART III. PRISONERS OF WAR
15. Capture at Valuiki
16. Marches of the Davai
17. Prisoner of War Transports
18. Prisoner of War Camps—The First Months
19. Camps Suzdal and Krasnogorsk

PART IV. IL RITORNO: RETURNING HOME
20. The Homeward Journey
21. Le Perdite—The Losses

Epilogue: A Sign of Hope
Postscript
Composition of the Italian Alpine Corps

Acknowledgments
Notes
Bibliography
Index

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