Six years after publication of the first edition of the best-selling Encyclopedia of Terrorism, much has changed on the national security scene. Despite the dark promises of Osama bin Laden following the 9/11 attacks, the United States has not experienced any major domestic terror incidents. Al-Qaeda itself is believed to be a severely crippled organization. But while U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraqnot to mention the arrival of the Obama administration, a new balance of power within Congress, and an increasingly fragile economic picturehave significantly affected the national security picture, the threat of economic chaos and massive loss of life due to terror attacks has not abated. Indeed, in July 2008 analysts pointed out that even a relatively small terrorist organization could present a dire threat, with some experts arguing that a biological, chemical, or even nuclear attack on a major U.S. city is all but inevitable. In this highly charged, rapidly shifting environment, we are pleased to present the The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition, a thoroughly updated and expanded edition of the original, highly regarded reference work. Nearly 100,000 words of new material will be added, along with fully updated original entries, and expanded coverage. New introductory essays will explore the impact of terrorism on economics, public health, religion, and even pop culture. Ethical issues such as the role of torture in interrogations, competing notions of security versus liberty, and the debates over FISA legislation and Guantanamo Bay will also be covered. Two dozen entries on significant recent eventssuch as the London bombings, Chechen attacks on Russian interests, and the rescue of Ingrid Bettancourtand some 60 additional new entries will restore the work as an up-to-the-minute, natural first-stop for researchers.
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About the Author
C. Augustus “Gus” Martin is a Professor of Criminal Justice Administration at California State University, Dominguez Hills, where he regularly teaches a course on the subject of terrorism and extremism. He has also served as Associate Vice President for Human Resources Management, Acting Associate Dean of the College of Business Administration and Public Policy, Associate Vice President for Faculty Affairs, and Chair of the Department of Public Administration & Public Policy. He began his academic career as a member of the faculty of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, where he was an Administration of Justice professor. His current research and professional interests are terrorism and extremism, homeland security, the administration of justice, and juvenile justice.
Dr. Martin is author of several books on the subjects of terrorism and homeland security, including Terrorism: An International Perspective (with Fynnwin Prager; SAGE Publications, 2019); Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies (SAGE Publications, 2019); Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues (SAGE Publications, 2018); The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition (SAGE Publications, 2011); Terrorism and Homeland Security (SAGE, 2011); and The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings (SAGE Publications, 2004). He is also author of Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems (SAGE Publications, 2005).
Prior to joining academia, Dr. Martin served as Managing Attorney for the Fair Housing Partnership of Greater Pittsburgh, where he was also director of a program created under a federal consent decree to desegregate public and assisted housing. He was also Special Counsel to the Attorney General of the U.S. Virgin Islands on the island of St. Thomas. As Special Counsel, he occupied a personal and confidential position in the central office of the Department of Justice; sat as hearing officer for disciplinary hearings and departmental grievances; served as chair of the Drug Policy Committee; served as liaison to the intergovernmental Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee as well as to the Narcotics Strike Force; and provided daily legal and policy advice to the Attorney General. Prior to serving as Special Counsel, he was a “floor” Legislative Assistant to Congressman Charles B. Rangel of New York. As Legislative Assistant, he researched, evaluated and drafted legislation in areas of foreign policy, foreign aid, human rights, housing, education, social services, and poverty; he also drafted House floor statements, Congressional Record inserts, press releases, and news articles; and he composed speeches, briefing materials, and legislative correspondence.
Table of Contents
Forensics and Terrorism - Yossi Almog, Jay LevinsonIntifada - Bader Araj, Robert J. BrymInternational Relations and Terrorism - Hall GardnerEconomics and Terrorism - Tahmina Hadjer, Gerald SchneiderTraining of Terrorists - Brian JacksonKneecapping - Brenda Lutz, James LutzGuildfor Four - Brenda Lutz, James LutzHomeland Security, Office of - Kenneth J. RyanForeign Intelligence Surveillance Act - Kenneth J. Ryan Organization of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Mahgreb - Hamoud SalhiAl Shabab - Hamoud Salhi Al-Masri, Abu Ayyub - Hamoud Salhi Intelligence Gathering - Harold ScottSan Diego Daniel Andreas - Brent SmithChechen Incidents - Aglaya SnetkovDeath Squads - Mark UngarLindh, John Walker - Lorenzo VidinoPadilla, Jose - Lorenzo VidinoBloody Sunday - Kris BrownDecommissioning Process - Kris BrownLord's Resistance Army - Ikaweba BuntingIraq War - Brian BurtonReligious and Spiritual Perspectives - David B. CookLondon Underground Bombings - Stuart CroftNew Terrorism - Steven EmersonGender-Based Terrorism - Kathryn FarrGuantanamo Bay - David GlazierKhmer Rouge - Dipak GuptaCommunist Party of Nepal-Maoists - Dipak GuptaAfghan Arabs - Mohammed HafezAl-Qaeda in Iraq - Mohammed HafezAl-Zarqawi, Abu Musab - Mohammed HafezAnsar al-Islam - Mohammed HafezChlorine Bombings, Iraq - Mohammed HafezTupamaros - Jennifer HolmesAfghanistan War - Najib LafraieEthnic Cleansing - Benjamin LiebermanBashir, Abu Bakar - Samuel M. MakindaBali Nightclub Bombing - Samuel M. MakindaInsurance and Terrorism - Erwann Michel-KerjanCriminal Prosecutions of Terrorists - Harvey MorleyLong, William Andrew, Murder of - Marie PalladiniBlack September - Rafael Reuveny9/11 Commission - Bruce RiedelBureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives - Ann RobertsonFederal Bureau of Investigation - Ann RobertsonCentral Intelligence Agency - Ann RobertsonJustice Department, US National Security Agency - Ann Robertson National Security Council - Ann Robertson Mossad - Ann Robertson Special Air Service Regiment - Ann Robertson Special Operations Wing - Ann Robertson THREATCON Levels - Ann Robertson United Nations - Ann Robertson Gadahn Adam Yahiye - Michael RonczkowskiInterrogation Techniques - Kenneth J. RyanRendition, Extraordinary - Kenneth J. RyanTorture Debate - Kenneth J. RyanPopular Culture, Terrorism in - Olga SemukhinaMumbai 2008 Attacks - Mary SissonTehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan - Mary SissonPhineas Priesthood - Kenneth SternAirport Security - Joseph SzyliowiczWomen Terrorists - Rhiannon Talbot-EnglishMadrid Bombings - Anna Lisa TotaLaw and Terrorism - Clive WalkerZetas, Los - Phil WilliamsFourteen Words, The - Leonard ZeskindChristian Identity - Leonard ZeskindProtocols of the Learned Elders of Zion - Leonard ZeskindRacial Holy War - Leonard ZeskindWhite Aryan Resistance (WAR) - Leonard ZeskindAwda Al Aziz - Harvey Morley