Sailors and Traders: A Maritime History of the Pacific Peoples

Sailors and Traders: A Maritime History of the Pacific Peoples

by Alastair Couper




Written by a senior scholar and master mariner, Sailors and Traders is the first comprehensive account of the maritime peoples of the Pacific. It focuses on the sailors who led the exploration and settlement of the islands and New Zealand and their seagoing descendants, providing along the way new material and unique observations on traditional and commercial seagoing against the background of major periods in Pacific history. The book begins by detailing the traditions of sailors, a group whose way of life sets them apart. Like all others who live and work at sea, Pacific mariners face the challenges of an often harsh environment, endure separation from their families for months at a time, revere their vessels, and share a singular attitude to risk and death.

The period of prehistoric seafaring is discussed using archaeological data, interpretations from interisland exchanges, experimental voyaging, and recent DNA analysis. Sections on the arrival of foreign exploring ships centuries later concentrate on relations between visiting sailors and maritime communities. The more intrusive influx of commercial trading and whaling ships brought new technology, weapons, and differences in the ethics of trade. The successes and failures of Polynesian chiefs who entered trading with European-type ships are recounted as neglected aspects of Pacific history. As foreign-owned commercial ships expanded in the region so did colonialism, which was accompanied by an increase in the number of sailors from metropolitan countries and a decrease in the employment of Pacific islanders on foreign ships. Eventually small-scale island entrepreneurs expanded interisland shipping, and in 1978 the regional Pacific Forum Line was created by newly independent states. This was welcomed as a symbolic return to indigenous Pacific ocean linkages.

The book’s final sections detail the life of the modern Pacific seafarer. Most Pacific sailors in the global maritime labor market return home after many months at sea, bringing money, goods, a wider perspective of the world, and sometimes new diseases. Each of these impacts is analyzed, particularly in the case of Kiribati, a major supplier of labor to foreign ships.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780824832391
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press, The
Publication date: 02/28/2009
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Nautical Glossary and Abbreviations xi

Introduction: A Seafaring Perspective 1

1 Sailors, Myths, and Traditions 6

2 The First Pacific Seafarers 22

3 Settlements, Territories, and Trade 43

4 The Arrival of Foreign Ships 60

5 Pacific Commercial Shipowners 75

6 Under Foreign Sail 100

7 Dangers, Mutinies, and the Law 118

8 Companies, Colonies, and Crewing 136

9 Island Protests and Enterprises 150

10 Contemporary Local and Regional Shipping 165

11 The Global Pacific Seafarer 186

Epilogue: Some Contemporary Resonances 207

Notes 209

Bibliography 237

Index 253

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