Salt in the Sand: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890 to the Present

Salt in the Sand: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890 to the Present

by Lessie Jo Frazier
ISBN-10:
0822340038
ISBN-13:
2900822340033
Pub. Date:
07/17/2007
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
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Overview

Salt in the Sand: Memory, Violence, and the Nation-State in Chile, 1890 to the Present

Demonstrating the interplay between memory and state violence in the formation of the Chilean nation-state, Lessie Jo Frazier explores the arc of national political culture in northern Chile. The region figures prominently in Chile's history as a site of military glory during the period of national conquest, of labor strikes and massacres in the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth, and of state detention and violence during World War II and the Cold War. Northern Chile was subsequently the site of a mass-grave excavation, which galvanized the national human rights movement in 1990, during the nation's shift from dictatorship to democracy under the rubric of reconciliation. Using her training as an anthropologist and historian and drawing on ethnography, archival state and social-movement sources, literature, music, and film, Frazier reveals the creation of contending memories of specific instances of state violence, tracing how the shape of those memories changed over time. In so doing, she demonstrates the resilience of the peoples who have inhabited northern Chile and deftly theorizes how memory works affectively to produce political subjectivities mobilized for specific political projects.

About the Author:
Lessie Jo Frazier is Assistant Professor of Gender Studies and Adjunct Assistant Professor of History at Indiana University, Bloomington

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900822340033
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Publication date: 07/17/2007
Series: Politics, History, and Culture
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 408
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents


List of Illustrations     xi
Acknowledgments     xiii
Introduction: Ethnography, History, and Memory     1
Templates
Memory and the Camanchacas Calientes of Chilean Nation-State Formation     21
Structures of Memory, Shapes of Feeling: Chronologies of Reminiscence and Repression in Tarapaca (1890-Present)     58
Conjunctures
Dismantling Memory: Structuring the Forgetting of the Oficina Ramirez (1890-1891) and La Coruna (1925) Massacres     85
Song of the Tragic Pampa: Structuring the Remembering of the Escuela Santa Maria Massacre (1907)     117
Conjunctures of Memory: The Detention Camps in Pisagua Remembered (1948, 1973, 1990) and Forgotten (1943, 1956, 1984)     158
The Melancholic Economy of Reconciliation: Talking with the Dead, Mourning for the Living     190
Conclusion: Democratization and Arriving at the "End of History" in Chile     243
Notes     261
Selective Bibliography     355
Index     365

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